Unit 10

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Unit 10

  1. 1. Hello 7 Hello 7 Unit : 10 :Presented by Mr. Ahmed SalehShaymaa Secondary School
  2. 2. New Items to be taught in unit: 10New vocabulary and expressions about * Where food comes from”, and about “.genetically modified food”.The use of “wish *.Expressing opinions *.Question Tags * Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 2
  3. 3. Vocabulary fertile ‫خصب‬ ingredients ‫مكونات‬ genetically ‫معدل وراثيا‬ ripen ‫ينضج‬ modified organic ‫عضوى‬ rot ‫يتعفن‬ non-organic ‫غير عضوى‬ rotten ‫متعفن‬ pesticide ‫مبيد الفات‬ seeds ‫بذور‬ spray ‫يرش‬ starvation ‫مجاعة / الموت‬ ‫جوعا‬ agriculture ‫الزراعة‬ starve ‫يموت جوعا‬ fertilizer ‫سماد‬ modify ‫يعدل‬ poisonous ‫سام‬ modification ‫تعديل‬ chemicals ‫مواد كيماوية‬ genetics ‫علم الوراثة‬Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 3
  4. 4. genes ‫جينات‬ carbohydrate ‫الكربوهيدرات‬ genetic ‫جينى / وراثى‬ fat ‫دهن‬genetic engineering ‫هندسة وراثية‬ protein ‫بروتبن‬ modern ‫التكنولوجيا‬ modern farming ‫الزراعة الحديثة‬ technology ‫الحديثة‬ crops ‫محاصيل‬ add ‫يضيف‬ soil ‫تربة‬ attack ‫يهاجم / هجوم‬genetic structure ‫التركيب الوراثى‬ organic food ‫طعام عضوى‬ improve ‫يحسن‬ food prices ‫أسعار الغذاء‬disease resistant ‫مقاوم للمرض‬ global warming ‫الحتباس الحرارى‬ organic farming ‫الزراعة العضوية‬ invention ‫اختراع‬ farm ‫يزرع / مزرعة‬ taste ‫يكون له طعم‬ method ‫طريقة‬ produce ‫ينتج‬ chemicals ‫مواد كيماوية‬ production ‫انتاج‬ substance ‫مادة‬ exercise ‫يمارس تمارين‬ insects ‫حشرات‬ cell ‫خلية‬ Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 4
  5. 5. damage / ‫يتلف / يضر‬ living thing ‫كائن حى‬ ‫تلف / ضرر‬ quantity / amount ‫كمية‬ develop ‫يطور‬ quality ‫نوعية / جودة‬ development ‫تنمية / تطوير‬ stream / ‫مجرى ماء / يسيل‬ decay ‫يتحلل / يتعفن‬ ‫يتدفق‬ flood ‫يفيض / فيضان‬ hunter ‫صياد‬ natural ‫طبيعى‬ nuts ‫الجوز‬ normal ‫عادى‬ collect ‫يجمع‬ suppose ‫يفترض‬ notice ‫يلحظ‬ contain ‫يحتوى على‬ cultivation ‫الزراعة‬ high yield ‫عالى النتاج‬ irrigation ‫الرى‬ seeds ‫بذور‬ country ‫حدود الدولة‬ borders roots ‫جذور‬ restrictions ‫قيود‬laboratory ‫معمل‬ healthy food ‫طعام صحى‬ Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 5
  6. 6. wild plants ‫نباتات برية‬ label ‫بطاقة أو ملصقة‬ ‫صغيرة‬ destroy ‫يدمر / يتلف‬ reference books ‫كتب مراجع‬ surprisingly ‫بصورة مذهلة‬ frequently ‫غالبا‬ hunt ‫يصطاد‬ regularly ‫بانتظام‬ cheese ‫جبنة‬ energy ‫طاقة‬ form ‫شكل‬ butter ‫الزبد‬ remove ‫يزيل‬ pasta ‫العجائن )كأنواع‬ (‫المكرونة‬ modern science ‫العلم الحديث‬ potential ‫احتمال تطور‬ remote ‫بعيد‬ fast food ‫وجبة سريعة‬ long-term ‫طويل الجل‬ diet ‫نظام خاص‬ ‫للتغذية‬ sort / type / kind ‫نوع‬ vitamins ‫فيتامينات‬ guarantee ‫يضمن‬ poison ‫السم‬ genetic modification ‫تعديل وراثى‬ consumption ‫الستهلك‬Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 6
  7. 7. Prepositions, Idioms & Expressions Prepositions, Idioms & Expressions resistant to ‫مقاوم لـ‬ depend on ‫يعتمد على‬ harmful to ‫ضار لـ‬ spray with ‫يرش باستخدام‬ go up ‫يرتفع‬ in favour of ‫مؤيد لـ‬ bring sown ‫يقلل / يخفض‬ poisonous for ‫سام لـ‬ save ….. from ‫يوفر .... من‬ put genes into ‫يضع جينات فى‬ protect from ‫يحمى من‬ opinion on / about ‫رأى عن‬provide … with ‫يزود ...... بـ‬ bad for ‫صار لـ‬ do damage to ‫يسبب تلف لـ‬ get worse ‫يسوء‬pass from ….. to ‫ينتقل من ..... الى‬ over time ‫بمرور الوقت‬ good for ‫مفيد لـ‬ do exercise ‫يمارس تمارين‬ ‫رياضية‬ put on soil ‫يضع فى التربة‬ bring a disease ‫يجلب مرض‬ Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 7
  8. 8. ‫المشتقات‬ Derivatives Verb Noun Adjective Adverb gene ‫جينات‬ genetic genetically genetics ‫علم الوراثة‬ ‫وراثى‬ ‫وراثيا‬ripen ‫ينضج‬ ripe ‫ناضج‬rot ‫يتعفن‬ rotting ‫التعفن‬ rotten ‫متعفن‬modify ‫ يعدل‬modification ‫تعديل‬ modified ‫معدل‬ starve ‫يموت‬ starvation‫الموت‬ starving‫يعانى من‬ ‫جوعا‬ ‫جوعا‬ ‫جوع شديد‬ fertilize fertilizer ‫سماد‬ fertilized ‫مضاف له‬ ‫يسمد‬ ‫سماد‬ Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 8
  9. 9. Give the oppositesSunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 9
  10. 10. fertile infertileSunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 10
  11. 11. organic non organic inorganicSunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 11
  12. 12. natural unnaturalSunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 12
  13. 13. merits demeritsSunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 13
  14. 14. responsible irresponsibleSunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 14
  15. 15. healthy unhealthySunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 15
  16. 16. successful unsuccessfulSunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 16
  17. 17. agreement disagreementSunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 17
  18. 18. attractive unattractiveSunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 18
  19. 19. Give the meaning of these PrepositionsSunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 19
  20. 20. spray with (‫يرش باستخدام )مادة معينة‬Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 20
  21. 21. poisonous for ‫سام لـ‬Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 21
  22. 22. be concerned to+inf. ‫مهتم بـ‬Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 22
  23. 23. smile at ‫يبتسم لـ‬Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 23
  24. 24. put genes into plants ‫يضع جينات في النباتات‬Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 24
  25. 25. come round ‫يزور‬Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 25
  26. 26. life on earth ‫الحياة علي الرض‬Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 26
  27. 27. experiment on/with ‫يجري تجربة علي‬Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 27
  28. 28. harmful to ‫ضار لـ‬Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 28
  29. 29. express opinion on/about ‫يعبر عن رأي في‬Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 29
  30. 30. be concerned with+n. ‫مهتم بـ‬Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 30
  31. 31. lie to ‫يكذب علي‬Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 31
  32. 32. bring down ‫يقلل‬Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 32
  33. 33. resistant to ‫مقاوم لـ‬Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 33
  34. 34. lead to ‫يؤدي إلي‬Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 34
  35. 35. rich in ‫غني بـ‬Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 35
  36. 36. Listening Listen to Ali and Hassan talking about organic and inorganic framing.Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 36
  37. 37. Listen and answer these questions:a Which of the speakers, Hassan or Ali,prefers organic farming?.....................b What are some of the disadvantages oforganic farming? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 37
  38. 38. Listen and answer these questions:a Which of the speakers, Hassan or Ali,prefers organic farming?.Ali . . . . . . .organic. farming. . . prefers . . . . . . . . . .b What are some of the disadvantages oforganic farming? .Organic . . . . . . . . . .produce . . . . . . farms don’t . . . .the same quantity of food. It is more expensiveto produce the food that way. It is probablyquicker and easier to spray the crops, too. Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 38
  39. 39. Hassan Did you read that newspaper article about farming, Ali?Ali Yes, I did, Hassan. It was very interesting, wasnt it?Hassan What do you think about the idea of organic farming?Ali I think its the best way to farm.Hassan Really? I dont. Why do you think that?Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 39
  40. 40. Ali Well, the main reason is that I dont like the idea of eating fruit and vegetables that have been sprayed with pesticides. I mean pesticides can be poisonous, cant they?Hassan : I suppose so. In the past, the Nile flooded and left fertile soil on the fields, so we didnt need chemical fertilizers then, did we?Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 40
  41. 41. Ali : Quite right, Hassan. I know that doesnt happen now, but as far as Im concerned, the answer isnt to continuously spray the land with chemicals.Hassan : What is the answer, then?Ali : In my opinion, we should improve the quality of the soil by adding natural, organic fertilisers.Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 41
  42. 42. Hassan : But surely its much quicker and easier for farmers to spray their crops with chemical fertilisers and pesticides.Ali : Yes, but thats more expensive than using organic fertilisers.Hassan : What about the quantity of crops farmers get, though? Id say that modern farming makes more money than organic farming, do you agree ?Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 42
  43. 43. Ali : Well, its true that organic farms dont produce the same quantities as modern farms, so they dont make quite as much money. But it seems to me that organic food is better for you.Hassan : Do you think so? Im not so sure. Of course theres also the subject of genetically modified crops which we havent talked about at all.Ali : Lets leave that discussion until another day.Hassan : OK.Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 43
  44. 44. ReadingShould scientists modify ?our foodSunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 44
  45. 45. Thousands of years ago, most peoplewere hunters whose food came from theanimals and fish they had killed and fromnuts, roots and fruit they had collected.Later, these hunters lived in one placeand became farmers whose method ofgetting food was to grow crops from the. seeds of wild plantsSunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 45
  46. 46. Over time, they noticed that some plantswere better than others. They saved theseeds from these plants and so the yields. and quality of their crops improvedSunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 46
  47. 47. Like plants, all other living things contain geneswhich control what they will be like. Modernscientists can put genes into plants andanimals in their laboratories, and this meansthey can modify their genes in order tochange what they are like. This is called .genetic engineering Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 47
  48. 48. A type of tomato is an example of this. When normal tomatoes ripen, one of their genes produces a chemical that makes the fruit rot. Scientists can modify this gene so that the tomatoes do not rot so quickly. This is one way in which genetically modified (GM) crops can improve agriculture.Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 48
  49. 49. Scientists know that this technology can also protect people from starvation in countries where insects or diseases destroy crops. For example, fruit and vegetables have been modified so that they are not damaged by the diseases that kill ‘normal’ plants.Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 49
  50. 50. However, many people believe that modified food is unnatural and fear that genetic engineering may bring new diseases in the future. So should we eat genetically modified food or not? Surprisingly, biscuits, cakes and many other foods that we have been eating for years already contain genetically modified ingredients. Have they done us any damage?Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 50
  51. 51. Answer questions about the reading passageSunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 51
  52. 52. 1- How did people get their food thousands of years ago ? They got their food from the animals and fish they* had killed and from nuts, roots and fruit they had .collected Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 52
  53. 53. 2- How did people get their food when they lived in one place ? * They became farmers whose method of getting food was to grow crops from the seeds of wild plants. Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 53
  54. 54. 3- How did they improve the yield and quality of their crops ?* They saved the seeds from their best plants and used them to improve the yield and quality of the crops. Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 54
  55. 55. 4- What do genes do ? * They control what a living thing will be like.Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 55
  56. 56. Where do scientists put genes into plants - 5?and animals * They do so in their laboratories. Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 56
  57. 57. 6- What is genetic engineering ? * It is modifying the genes to change what a living thing will be like. Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 57
  58. 58. 7- Give an example from the passage to show the benefit of genetic engineering ? * When normal tomatoes ripen, one of their genes produces a chemical that makes the fruit rot. Scientists can modify this gene so that the tomatoes do not rot so quickly. Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 58
  59. 59. 8- Why don’t some people agree with the idea of genetic engineering ? * They believe that modified food is unnatural and that genetic engineering may bring new diseases in the future. Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 59
  60. 60. 9- Why do some people think that the genetic engineering is safe ? * We have been eating biscuits, cakes and many other foods that contain genetically modified ingredients for years and they have not done us any damage. Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 60
  61. 61. Language Notes:Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 61
  62. 62. Make ♦ followed by bare infinitive in active ♦♦ Make + inf. (active) ‫يجبر / يلزم‬ • They made him pay the money. ♦ followed by (to + infinitive) in passive • He was made to pay the money. Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 62
  63. 63. ♦ Once = at some time in the past / ‫ذات مرة‬♦ Once = as soon as ‫بمجرد أن‬♦ Once = one time ‫مرة واحدة‬ • Once, people were hunters. Their food came from animals. ‫في وقت ما في الماضي‬ • Once I get the news, Ill phone you. ‫بمجرد أن‬ • She visits her grandparents once every six months. ‫مرة واحدة‬ Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 63
  64. 64. ♦ So = very • I enjoyed the film very much / so much.♦ Such = very • He is such a clever boy. Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 64
  65. 65. very ‫ تستخدم بدل من‬ly ‫ تنتهي بــ‬adverbs ‫هناك‬ :‫وتعطي معني أقوي للجملة‬Extremely – fantastically – tremendously – greatly – incredibly – unbelievably – awfully – terribly sorry: ‫ تستخدم عادة مع‬awfully ‫ لحظ أن‬• The mountain is extremely high.• He was incredibly rich.• I am awfully sorry for disturbing you. Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 65
  66. 66. ♦ Hope / Wish ): )hope present Simple or future ‫ يأتي بعد‬ • I hope he passes / will pass the test. :to ‫ + المصدر‬hope‫ ويمكن أن يأتي بعد‬• I hope to win the first prize. Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 66
  67. 67. ‫) )للتعبير عن التمني‬wish Past simple‫ دعب مدختسنستخدم بعد‬ ‫:في الحاضر‬ • I dont have a camera. I wish I had a camera.• People throw rubbish in the street. I wish people didnt throw rubbish in the street.Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 67
  68. 68. wish ‫وللتعبير عن التمني في الماضي دعب مدختسنستخدم بعد‬ )Past perfect• I failed the exam.• I wish I hadnt failed the exam. / I wish I had passed the exam. Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 68
  69. 69. ‫ إما‬wish ‫وللتعبير عن التمني في المستقبل دعب مدختسنستخدم بعد‬ ‫ مع باقي‬would ‫ أو‬I/we ‫ مع الضمائر‬could :‫الضمائر‬• I wish I could see my friends tomorrow.• I wish my friend would come to my party next week. Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 69
  70. 70. Expressing Opinions,As far as Im concerned,In my opinion..Id say that..It seems to me that…I thinkSunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 70
  71. 71. Agreeing with opinions.So do I / I do too).I agree (with youYou are (quite) rightI think so.I suppose soSunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 71
  72. 72. Disagreeing with opinionsI dont./ I dont think so)I dont agree (with you.I disagreeIm not sure!ReallySunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 72
  73. 73. Examples:• As far as Im concerned, the watch is more beautiful than that necklace. I agree with you.Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 73
  74. 74. Examples:• In my opinion, we should all do more exercise. You are quite right.• Id say that mountaineering is very dangerous. Im not sure.• It seems to me that Paris is a great city. I dont think so.Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 74
  75. 75. Grammar Question TagsSunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 75
  76. 76. * Question tags are short questions at the end of a statement.Form : Statement + Modal verb Or helping verb + Subject pronoun ?Example : It is hot today, isn’t it ?Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 76
  77. 77. * Study the following sentences carefully: ( Some exceptions)1-I am his friend, aren’t I ?2-I am not a doctor, am I ?3-This is an exciting film, isn’t it ?4-There is no harm in trying it, is there ?5-Let’s go shopping, shall we ?Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 77
  78. 78. * Study the following sentences carefully:6-Let me go shopping, will you ?7-Open the door, will you ?8-She has dinner in a restaurant, doesn’t she ?9-Everybody liked the idea, didn’t they ?10- Nothing is wrong, is it ?Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 78
  79. 79. Shes done a lot of good work,- 1?…………. shea) isntb) doesntc) haventd) hasnt
  80. 80. If he comes early, he can catch the- 2?bus, ………… hea) canb) doesc) cantd) wont
  81. 81. ?They dug the well, ………….. they- 3a) didntb) dontc) hadntd) werent
  82. 82. Shed rather stay home, ………..- 4?shea) hadntb) wouldntc) couldntd) wont
  83. 83. Shes going to finish her work early,- 5?………… shea) hasntb) wasntc) isntd) cant
  84. 84. We have earned a lot of money- 6?lately, …………. wea) haventb) dontc) arentd) shouldnt
  85. 85. ,Someone has watered the garden- 7……………… ?a) hasnt heb) havent wec) dont theyd) havent they
  86. 86. ?Everything is O.K., …………. it- 8a) doesntb) wasntc) isntd) hasnt
  87. 87. ,He hardly does any useful work- 9 …………….. ?a) does heb) doesnt hec) dont wed) havent we
  88. 88. ,Lets find somewhere else to stay- 10……………. ?a) will youb) wont youc) shall wed) shant we
  89. 89. ExerciseFind the mistake in each ofthe following sentences thenwrite it correctlySunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 89
  90. 90. 1. She didnt know the way to the station, was she ? 1. She didnt know the way to the station, did she ? Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 90
  91. 91. 2. A lot of money has to be collected, have it ?2. A lot of money has to be collected, hasn’t it ? Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 91
  92. 92. 3. Thats not the right answer, does it ? 3. Thats not the right answer, is it ? Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 92
  93. 93. 4. The man whos house collapsed during the earthquake was so sad. 4. The man whose house collapsed during the earthquake was so sad. Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 93
  94. 94. 5. The boy whose written the e-mail is my cousin. 5. The boy who’s written the e-mail is my cousin. Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 94
  95. 95. 6. The company whos employees went on strike closed down. 6. The company whose employees went on strike closed down. Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 95
  96. 96. 7. This is the man whose works for the computer company. 7. This is the man who works for the computer company. Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 96
  97. 97. 8. This land is fertile. It can produce a large number of good crops. 8. This land is infertile. It can produce a large quantity of good crops. Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 97
  98. 98. 9. A leaf is the part of a plant from which a new plant of the same kind can grow. 9. A seed is the part of a plant from which a new plant of the same kind can grow. Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 98
  99. 99. 10. Millions of people suffer from salutation because they dont have enough to eat. 10. Millions of people suffer from starvation because they dont have enough to eat. Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 99
  100. 100. 11. I hope you good health. 11. I wish you good health. Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 100
  101. 101. 12. She did the job well and neither did Hala. 12. She did the job well and so did Hala. Sunday, February 10, 2013 Trust in Allah 101

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