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Bluetooth Technology

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Bluetooth Technology

  1. 1. BLUETOOTH TECHNOLOGY Sanjay Lamba M.Sc. Tech. Mathematics Central University of Rajasthan Presented By :-
  2. 2. Contents <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>Technology Review </li></ul><ul><li>Bluetooth vs Other Wireless Technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages of Bluetooth Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages of Bluetooth Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Future of Bluetooth </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>References </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction
  4. 4. Introduction <ul><li>Definition </li></ul><ul><li>Bluetooth is a short-range and low power wireless technology originally developed for exchanging data over short distances from fixed and mobile devices, creating personal area networks (PANs). </li></ul><ul><li>Short-range radio frequency technology that operates at 2.4 GHz on an unlicensed Industrial Scientific Medical (ISM) band. </li></ul><ul><li>Effective range of Bluetooth devices is 10 meters. </li></ul><ul><li>It was originally conceived as a wireless alternative to data cables. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Value proposition of Bluetooth Cable replacement Ad hoc networking Data access point Internet access Cordless headset Cell phone mouse
  6. 6. History <ul><li>The word &quot;Bluetooth&quot; is taken from the 10th century Danish King Harald Bluetooth , he had been influential in uniting Scandinavian tribes into a single kingdom. </li></ul><ul><li>Bluetooth was named so because </li></ul><ul><li>1) Bluetooth technology was developed in Scandinavia. </li></ul><ul><li>2) Bluetooth technology is able to unite differing industries such as the cell phone, computing, and automotive markets. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Technology Review
  8. 8. Technology Review <ul><li>Bluetooth uses a radio technology called frequency-hopping spread spectrum. </li></ul><ul><li>Supports data rate of 1 Mb/s (originally). </li></ul><ul><li>The Bluetooth specifications are developed and licensed by the Bluetooth Special Interest Group (SIG). </li></ul>
  9. 9. Classes Of Bluetooth <ul><li>Bluetooth devices are classified according to </li></ul><ul><li>three different power classes, as shown in the </li></ul><ul><li>following table. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Definition </li></ul><ul><li>“ Two or more Bluetooth units </li></ul><ul><li>sharing the same channel” </li></ul><ul><li>One device acts as a master and the devices connected </li></ul><ul><li>to it act as slaves. </li></ul><ul><li>Slaves can not directly send data to each other. </li></ul><ul><li>In effect, the master acts as a switch for the piconet </li></ul><ul><li>and all traffic must pass through the master. </li></ul><ul><li>There can be up to 7 active slaves in a piconet but only </li></ul><ul><li>one master. </li></ul>Piconets
  11. 11. Piconet formation Master Active Slave Parked Slave Standby
  12. 12. Inter piconet communication Cell phone Cordless headset Cordless headset Cell phone Master Active Slave Cordless headset Cell phone mouse
  13. 13. <ul><li>DEFINITION </li></ul><ul><li>“ A set of two or more interconnected piconets form scatternets.” </li></ul><ul><li>A Bluetooth unit can be a slave in two or more piconets, but it can be a master in only one. </li></ul><ul><li>Devices that participate in two or more piconets may act as “gateways.” </li></ul><ul><li>Bluetooth units can only transmit and receive data in one piconet at a time. </li></ul><ul><li>Piconets may be identified by the master's identity and clock. </li></ul><ul><li>Devices give notification of inactivation to master before becoming inactive in its piconet for a finite length of time. </li></ul>Scatternets
  14. 14. Scatternet formation Master Active Slave Parked Slave Standby
  15. 15. Bluetooth Protocols Application Framework and Support Link Manager and L2CAP Radio & Baseband Host Controller Interface RF Baseband Audio Link Manager L2CAP TCP/IP HID RFCOMM Applications Data Control
  16. 16. Bluetooth Protocols <ul><li>Radio Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>Responsible for the modulation and demodulation of data into RF signals. </li></ul><ul><li>The radio layer describes the physical characteristics a Bluetooth device’s receiver-transmitter component must have. </li></ul><ul><li>BASEBAND PROTOCOL </li></ul><ul><li>Responsible for channel coding and decoding. </li></ul><ul><li>Digitizes the signals received by the radio for passing up the stack. </li></ul><ul><li>Formats the data it receives from the Link Controller (upper protocol) for transmission over the channel. </li></ul><ul><li>Link Controller </li></ul><ul><li>Responsible for establishing and maintaining the links between Bluetooth units. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Bluetooth Protocols <ul><li>The Link Manager Protocol (LMP) </li></ul><ul><li>Handles link setup, authentication, link configuration and security procedures. </li></ul><ul><li>Establishes all connections with the help of baseband protocol. </li></ul><ul><li>Host Controller Interface </li></ul><ul><li>The Host Controller Interface (HCI) defines uniform methods for accessing and controlling the lower layers of the protocol stack (baseband and the link manager). </li></ul><ul><li>Logical Link Control and Adaptation Protocol (L2CAP) </li></ul><ul><li>Responsible for: </li></ul><ul><li>Establishing connections across existing ACL ( Asynchronous Connection-oriented) links or requesting an ACL link if one does not already exist. </li></ul><ul><li>Allow many different applications to use a single ACL link through multiplexing. </li></ul><ul><li>Repackaging the data packets it receives from the higher layers into the form expected by the lower layers. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Bluetooth Protocols <ul><li>Service Discovery Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>Defines procedures for </li></ul><ul><li>Discovering services of other devices. </li></ul><ul><li>Determining the characteristics of those services. </li></ul><ul><li>Telephony Control Protocol Specification (TCS) defines call </li></ul><ul><li>Control signaling for establishing speech and data calls between Bluetooth devices, providing them with telephony services. </li></ul><ul><li>Object Exchange Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>Is a specification for Object data exchange over IR(InfraRed links). </li></ul><ul><li>Examples for using OBEX include exchanging business cards and synchronizing calendar applications. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Bluetooth vs Other Wireless Technologies
  20. 20. Bluetooth vs Other Wireless Technologies
  21. 21. The World According to Bluetooth
  22. 22. Different phases of Bluetooth Hands free kit connection Discovery Pairing Detection of Profiles Connection Data Synchronisation Hello, I am looking for bluetooth devices Hello, I am an available Bluetooth device
  23. 23. Different phases of Bluetooth Hands free kit connection Discovery Pairing Detection of Profiles Connection Data Synchronisation What is your authentification Code ? 1234… This code has to be typed on your keyboard Ok ! Now we are paired
  24. 24. Different phases of Bluetooth Hands free kit connection Discovery Pairing Detection of Profiles Connection Data Synchronisation What type of profile do you support ? I can do headset and hands-free . What about you ?
  25. 25. Different phases of Bluetooth Hands free kit connection Discovery Pairing Detection of Profiles Connection Data Synchronisation Ok, we are now connected in Hands-free. I can do hands-free.
  26. 26. Different phases of Bluetooth Hands free kit connection Discovery Pairing Detection of Profiles Connection Data Synchronization To complete my phonebook, I have to synchronise with your contacts Ok, I transfer my 163 contacts.
  27. 27. <ul><li>The Hands Free synchronizes its phonebook with the contacts on the </li></ul><ul><li>mobile phone. </li></ul><ul><li>The phonebook is vocally available at any time through Voice </li></ul><ul><li>Recognition, Text To Speech & Voice Tags. </li></ul><ul><li>Synchronization is done only once (at first connection). </li></ul>Phonebook synchronization Automatic Alessandro Del Piero Gianluigi Buffon Fabio Cannavaro Fabio Grosso Tiago David Trezeguet Alessandro Del Piero Gianluigi Buffon Fabio Cannavaro Fabio Grosso Tiago David Trezeguet
  28. 28. Bluetooth Technology <ul><li>Advantages and Disadvantages </li></ul>
  29. 29. Advantages <ul><li>Eliminates wires </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitates Data and Voice Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Offers formation of Ad hoc networks </li></ul><ul><li>Standardized protocol </li></ul><ul><li>Free of charge </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to use </li></ul><ul><li>Low power consumes battery less </li></ul><ul><li>Stationary and mobile environments </li></ul>
  30. 30. Disadvantages <ul><li>Relatively short range </li></ul><ul><li>Less secure </li></ul><ul><li>Interference with other devices </li></ul><ul><li>Mediocre Data rates </li></ul><ul><li>Bluetooth internet connection gets slow sometimes </li></ul>
  31. 31. Future Of Bluetooth
  32. 32. Future Of Bluetooth <ul><li>Bluetooth has a good future ahead because it meets a basic need of connectivity. </li></ul><ul><li>Currently a protocol is being researched that would support large ad hoc networks. </li></ul><ul><li>Latest version of Bluetooth are improving both its security and capabilities. </li></ul><ul><li>Ultra wide band has been chosen by the Bluetooth Special Interest Group as the future of Bluetooth Technology. </li></ul><ul><li>New versions of Bluetooth technology will meet the high-speed and large range. </li></ul><ul><li>Many companies are designing impressive bluetooth applications in demand. </li></ul>
  33. 33. Conclusion <ul><li>A new global standard for data and voice </li></ul><ul><li>Eliminates Cables. </li></ul><ul><li>Low Power, Low range, Low Cost network devices. </li></ul><ul><li>Bluetooth seems to have a bright future after reviewing its benefits and wide use. </li></ul><ul><li>Further improvements are planned to be made in </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Data Rates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Power Reduction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Range </li></ul></ul>
  34. 34. References <ul><li>[1] Future Of Bluetooth Technology </li></ul><ul><li>by Justin Blasdin, Kian Pokorny </li></ul><ul><li>[2] Security Comparison: BluetoothTM Communications vs. 802.11 </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas G. Xydis Ph.D, Simon Blake-Wilson </li></ul><ul><li>[3] Bluetooth dot dot attacks </li></ul><ul><li>By John F.David, Michael Barclay </li></ul><ul><li>[4] Bluetooth : A Technology in Demand </li></ul><ul><li>By Aniston Roger, Siamonds Lee </li></ul><ul><li>[5] Bluetooth Era </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bluetooth </li></ul><ul><li>[6] Blue Tooth </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.wirelessdevnet.com/channels/bluetooth/features/bluetooth.html </li></ul><ul><li>[7] Introduction To Bluetooth </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.gsmfavorites.com/documents/bluetooth/introduction/ </li></ul><ul><li>[8] Advantages Of Bluetooth </li></ul><ul><li>http://ezinearticles.com/?What-Are-The-Advantages-Of-Bluetooth-Technology?&id=562666 </li></ul><ul><li>[9] Bluetooth vs. Wi-Fi Technology </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.smallbusinesscomputing.com/webmaster/article.php/3331421 </li></ul><ul><li>[10] Hack Device via Bluetooth without owner’s permission </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.wonderhowto.com/how-to/video/how-to-hack-a-cell-phone-to-make-free- phone-calls-218649/ </li></ul>
  35. 36. <ul><li>Thank you for your presence </li></ul>

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