Airway 1 <ul><li>Obstruction </li></ul><ul><li>noisy  </li></ul><ul><li>stridor  </li></ul><ul><li>obstructive respiratory...
Airway 2 <ul><li>Failure to protect   </li></ul><ul><li>pooling of secretions  </li></ul><ul><li>absence of spontaneous sw...
Airway 3 <ul><li>evidence of mucosal oedema (anaphylaxis),  </li></ul><ul><li>aspiration of foreign body </li></ul>
Breathing 1 <ul><li>Increased work   </li></ul><ul><li>tachypnoea  </li></ul><ul><li>accessory muscles  </li></ul><ul><li>...
Breathing 2 <ul><li>Hypoxia / Fatigue </li></ul><ul><li>cyanosis  </li></ul><ul><li>feeble respiratory effort  </li></ul>
Breathing 3 <ul><li>Other factors   </li></ul><ul><li>asthma  </li></ul><ul><li>pneumothorax  </li></ul><ul><li>anaphylaxi...
Circulation 1 <ul><li>Bleeding  </li></ul><ul><li>haematemisis  </li></ul><ul><li>melaena  </li></ul><ul><li>occult  </li>...
Circulation 2 <ul><li>Shock   </li></ul><ul><li>HR  </li></ul><ul><li>capillary refil  </li></ul><ul><li>RR  </li></ul><ul...
Circulation 3 <ul><li>Sepsis   </li></ul><ul><li>any 2 of the following </li></ul><ul><ul><li>HR >90  </li></ul></ul><ul><...
Circulation 4 <ul><li>Acute Coronary Syndrome  </li></ul><ul><li>Heart Failure </li></ul><ul><li>Arrythmias </li></ul>
Disability <ul><li>Fitting </li></ul><ul><li>Hypoglycaemia </li></ul><ul><li>Meningism </li></ul><ul><li>Localising signs ...
Exposure <ul><li>rash  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>urticaria  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>purpura  </li></ul></ul><ul><li>hypothe...
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Primary Survey

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short presentation of the essential elements of the primary survey

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Primary Survey

  1. 2. Airway 1 <ul><li>Obstruction </li></ul><ul><li>noisy </li></ul><ul><li>stridor </li></ul><ul><li>obstructive respiratory pattern </li></ul>
  2. 3. Airway 2 <ul><li>Failure to protect </li></ul><ul><li>pooling of secretions </li></ul><ul><li>absence of spontaneous swallowing </li></ul>
  3. 4. Airway 3 <ul><li>evidence of mucosal oedema (anaphylaxis), </li></ul><ul><li>aspiration of foreign body </li></ul>
  4. 5. Breathing 1 <ul><li>Increased work </li></ul><ul><li>tachypnoea </li></ul><ul><li>accessory muscles </li></ul><ul><li>recession </li></ul>
  5. 6. Breathing 2 <ul><li>Hypoxia / Fatigue </li></ul><ul><li>cyanosis </li></ul><ul><li>feeble respiratory effort </li></ul>
  6. 7. Breathing 3 <ul><li>Other factors </li></ul><ul><li>asthma </li></ul><ul><li>pneumothorax </li></ul><ul><li>anaphylaxis </li></ul><ul><li>heart failure </li></ul><ul><li>pneumonia </li></ul><ul><li>COPD </li></ul>
  7. 8. Circulation 1 <ul><li>Bleeding </li></ul><ul><li>haematemisis </li></ul><ul><li>melaena </li></ul><ul><li>occult </li></ul>
  8. 9. Circulation 2 <ul><li>Shock </li></ul><ul><li>HR </li></ul><ul><li>capillary refil </li></ul><ul><li>RR </li></ul><ul><li>BP </li></ul>
  9. 10. Circulation 3 <ul><li>Sepsis </li></ul><ul><li>any 2 of the following </li></ul><ul><ul><li>HR >90 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RR >20 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>temp >38c or <36c </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. Circulation 4 <ul><li>Acute Coronary Syndrome </li></ul><ul><li>Heart Failure </li></ul><ul><li>Arrythmias </li></ul>
  11. 12. Disability <ul><li>Fitting </li></ul><ul><li>Hypoglycaemia </li></ul><ul><li>Meningism </li></ul><ul><li>Localising signs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>pupils </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>cranial nerves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>limbs </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. Exposure <ul><li>rash </li></ul><ul><ul><li>urticaria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>purpura </li></ul></ul><ul><li>hypothermic </li></ul><ul><li>pyrexial </li></ul><ul><li>obvious stigmata of chronic disease </li></ul>

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