Grand Challenges Webinar at IFEES-India


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This was an invited Webinar that I presented at the Global Webinar Series of IFEES broadcast in India. For a complete copy of this presentation and the Video contact me at my website:

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Grand Challenges Webinar at IFEES-India

  1. 1. Click to edit Master title style Mohammad Noori mohammad.noori@gmail.comInternational Federation of Engineering Education Societies (IFEES) Global Webinar Series Sponsored by Indo-US Collaboration for Engineering Education (IUCEE.Org) December 6, 2011
  2. 2. Changing Role of Engineers andthe Need to Reform Engineering Curriculum► Major Studies Published 2003-2008: ◘ NAE, 2004, The Engineer of 2020 ◘ NAE, 2005, Educating the Engineer of 2020 ◘ NAE, 2008, Changing the Conversation ◘ NSF, 2007, The 5XME Workshop: Transforming ME Education and Research ◘ ASME, 2008 Global Summit on the Future of Mechanical Engineering ◘ Duderstadt, 2008, Engineering for a Changing World ◘ ASCE, 2008, Civil Engineering Body of Knowledge for the 21st Century ◘ Carnegie Foundation 2008, “Educating Engineers: Designing for the Future of the Field”
  3. 3. Grand Challenges- Background► In the 20th Century, engineering recorded its grandest accomplishments. 2003- the book A Century of Innovation: Twenty Engineering Achievements That Transformed Our Lives, published through a project initiated by the National Academy of Engineering (NAE). 1. Electrification 11. Highways 2. Automobile 12. Spacecraft 3. Airplane 13. Internet 4. Water Supply and Distribution 14. Imaging 5. Electronics 15. Household Appliances 6. Radio and Television 16. Health Technologies 7. Agricultural Mechanization 17. Petroleum/Petrochemical Technologies 8. Computers 18. Laser and Fiber Optics 9. Telephone 19. Nuclear Technologies 10. Air Conditioning & Refrigeration 20. High-performance Materials
  4. 4. New Frontiers for Engineering in the 21st Century► In the 21st Century Engineering is faced with New Frontiers. Our World is Changing 20th century: 21st Century: Stovepipes Science, Engineering, ◘ Scientists discovered. and Medicine are: ◘ Totally interdependent. ◘ Engineers created. ◘ Doctors healed. ◘ Blending together in new ways.
  5. 5. New Context for Engineering 1. Breakthroughs in technology 2. Demographics 3. Global Challenges 4. Economic/societal forces5
  6. 6. New Context for Engineering1. Breakthroughs in Technology: Sustainable Technology Microelectronics/ telecommunications Nanotechnology Biotechnology/ Nano-medicine Logistics Photonics/optics Manufacturing
  7. 7. New Context for Engineering1. Breakthroughs in Technology: Bio Macro Info Energy Bio-based materials Environment Nano Biomemetics Health Care Personalized, Predictive Medicine ManufacturingSmaller and Smaller Synthetic Biology CommunicationsFaster and FasterMore and More Complex Biofuels Logistics Etc. ◘ The payoffs will come from bridging these frontiers. ◘ Our students must be prepared to do this. ◘ Frontiers and synergies (natural and social sciences) must be reflected in the university education. 7
  8. 8. New Context for Engineering2. DemographicsGlobal Challenges are a New Reality► 8 billion people; a 25% increase since 2000.► Balance tipped toward urbanization and “Mega Cities”.  By 2007, for the 1st time, majority of population lived in cities  By the end of 2010, more than 59 cities with population of more than 5 million; 50% increase since 2001  Challenges: Environmental issues, congestion, delivery systems, etc. For instance, in 2007, congestion in American populated cities caused: travel 4.2B hours more, and an extra 2.8B gallons of fuel---a total congestion cost of $87.2B. 8
  9. 9. New Context for Engineering2. DemographicsGlobal Challenges are a New Reality► Youth “bulge” in underdeveloped nations while developed nations age.► If the world condensed to 100 people: ◘ 56 in Asia ◘ 7 in Eastern Europe/Russia ◘ 16 in Africa ◘ 4 in the United States 9