British royalty ap review

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British royalty ap review

  1. 1. The Monarchy of Britain …or is it England… or is it Great Britain… or is it the United Kingdom???? Ms. Noah AP Euro REVIEW mnoah@rih.org @MsNoahRHS
  2. 2. The Tudors (1485 – 1603)
  3. 3. Henry VII 1485-1509 • Ended the War of the Roses • Star Chamber • Foreign policy: strengthened navy; alliance with Spain • Frugality (shadiness?)
  4. 4. Henry VIII 1509-1547 • Renowned for his 6 wives • Anglican Church • Sir Thomas More • Pilgrimage of Grace • Act of Supremacy 1534 (never renounced Catholicism)
  5. 5. Edward VI 1547-1553 Son of Jane Seymore (wife 3) • Protestantism firmly established along with associated reforms (clerical celibacy, mass abolished) • Book of Common Prayer (Thomas Cranmer) • Devise for the Succession (Lady Jane Grey)
  6. 6. Mary I 1553-1558 • Daughter of Catherine of Aragon (wife #1); married to Philip II of Spain • Brought Catholicism back to Spain (“Six Articles” undid Edward VI’s religious changes regarding clerics and mass) -> ‘Bloody Mary’s Martyrs’ • famine
  7. 7. Elizabeth I 1558 – 1603 • Daughter of Ann Boleyn (wife #2) • Elizabethan Settlement • Act of Supremacy • Act of Uniformity • Threats by the Spanish as well as cousin Mary Stuart (Queen of Scots) • English Renaissance • Golden Age of English Lit
  8. 8. The Stuarts (1603-1714)
  9. 9. James I 1603-1625 • Son of Mary, Queen of Scots • Previously King James VI of Scotland • Divine Right • Gunpowder Plot (Guy Fawkes) • Golden Age of English Lit continued • “Wisest Fool in Christendom”
  10. 10. Charles I 1625 – 1649 • Son of James I • King of England, Scotland and Ireland • Battles with Parliament – Petition of Right ship money; short & long Parliament; Triennial Act; Grand Remonstrance • English Civil War, trial & death: “I would know by what power I am called hither, by what lawful authority?”
  11. 11. The Commonwealth AKA the Interregnum
  12. 12. Oliver Cromwell 1649-1658 • Military Leader (Roundheads) • Puritan Commonwealth • Invasion of Ireland & Scotland • Protectorate (Lord Protector) • Succeeded by son, Richard for 9 months; then the Council of State until 1660, the year of…
  13. 13. The Restoration Of the Stuart Monarchy (1660)
  14. 14. Charles II 1660 – 1685 • Son of Charles I • Great Plague & Fire of London • Clarendon Code • Birth of the Whig & Tory political parties • “The Merry Monarch” * Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
  15. 15. James II 1685-1689 • Brother of Charles II • Catholic • Parliament: Test Act • Glorious Revoluttion
  16. 16. William III and Mary II 1689 – 1702 • English Bill of Rights • Bank of England established • Act of Settlement
  17. 17. Anne I 1702-1714 • Sister of Mary II; daughter of James II • Acts of Union 1707 combined England & Scotland to create Great Britain • Treaty of Utrecht ending War of Spanish Succession recognized Hanover heir
  18. 18. The Hanovers (1714 – 1910)
  19. 19. George I 1714-1727 • Great Britain transitioned to Cabinet Government, led by a Prime Minister • Sir Robert Walpole (1st MP) • War of the Quadruple Alliance vs. Spain
  20. 20. George II 1727-1760 • Son of George I • Commissioned Baroque compositions by Handel • War of Austrian Succession (ended with Maria Theresa crowned) • Start of Seven Years War
  21. 21. George III 1760-1820 • Grandson of George II • 1st Hanover King born in Britain • Seven Years War • Colonies (Stamp Act etc) • American Revolution • French Revolution • Act of Union 1801 united Great Britain and Ireland, creating the United Kingdom • Descent into madness
  22. 22. George IV 1820-1830 • Son of George III • Previously served as regent several times when his father was having an ‘episode’ • Napoleonic wars (regent) • Congress of Vienna (regent)
  23. 23. William IV 1830-1837 • Brother of George IV • Poor Law, Slavery (mostly) abolished • Reform Bill of 1832 • Supported independence & neutrality of Belgium
  24. 24. Victoria 1837-1901 • Granddaughter of George III • Longest reign in British history • 2nd Industrial Revolution • Corn Laws, Potato Famine • Reform Bill of 1867 • Imperialism • Great Expansion • Allied with PM Benjamin Disraeli • “Grandmother of Europe”
  25. 25. Edward VII 1901-1910 • Son of Victoria • Modernized the Navy • Not very interested in politics • Peacemaker among other European nations
  26. 26. The Windsors (1910 – present)
  27. 27. George V 1910-1936 • Son of Edward VII • World War I & TOV • Rise of Socialism & Fascism • Irish Free State • Balfour Declaration • Great Depression • Rise of Hitler
  28. 28. Edward VIII 1936 • Son of George V • Caused a Constitutional crisis when he proposed to an American divorcee, Wallis Simpson • Abdicated in favor of his brother
  29. 29. George VI 1936 – 1952 • Brother of Edward VIII; son of George V • World War II • Break up of British Empire; but remained ‘head’ of the Commonwealth of India
  30. 30. Elizabeth II 1952 – present • Daughter of George VI • Monarch of the “Commonwealth of Nations” • Suez Crisis • Decolonization in Africa & the Caribbean • Falklands War

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