Female reproductive system

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Female reproductive system

  1. 1. FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM GYNECOLOGY FALLOPIAN TUBES HYSTERECTOMY
  2. 2. The Study of The Female Reproductive System is The Medical Specialty of Gynecology Science practice dealing with the female reproductive system: uterus, vagina and ovaries Gynecologists are also known as Obstetricians and in many areas their specialties overlap Gynecology has been considered to end at 28 weeks gestation, but practically there is no cut off In October 1992, cut off was considered to occur at 24 weeks gestation in U.S., but has changed due to law and definition of abortion that has brought it closer to the gestation at which a fetus becomes viable
  3. 3. The Tubes That Extend From The OuterEdges Of The Uterus & Assist In Transporting the Ova & Sperm are called Fallopian Tubes Also known as oviducts, uterine tubes & salpinges They are 2 very fine tubes lined with ciliated epithelia, leading from ovaries into uterus via utero-tubal junction Passage of egg from ovary to uterus during menstruation Transports fertilized egg and sperm into uterus for attachment
  4. 4. One Of The Longest Terms Used In MedicalTerminology Refers To The Removal Of TheUterus, Cervix, Ovaries and Fallopian Tubes. Hysterectomy Surgery to remove a woman’s uterus Reasons: Fibroids, sliding of uterus, cancer of uterus, cervix or ovaries, chronic pelvic pain, thickening of uterus, abnormal vaginal bleeding & endometriosis
  5. 5. HYSTERECTOMYAll or only part of the uterus is removed,depending on the reason for surgerySometimes provides use terms inexactly, so it isvery important to clarify if the cervix and/orovaries are removedA total hysterectomy removes the whole uterusand cervixA supracervial/subtotal hysterectomy removesonly upper part of uterus, keeping the cervixA radical hysterectomy is removal of whole uterus,tissue on the sides of uterus, cervix & top part ofthe vagina. Generally done when cancer ispresent.Ovaries may also be removed-procedure is calledoopherectomy or may be left in place.
  6. 6. REFERENCESWWW.GOOGLEIMAGES.COMWWW.LAKESHOREOBGYN-CHICAGO.COMWWW.CHICAGOWOMANSHEALTHCENTER.ORGWWW.MEDICINENET.COM
  7. 7. THANK YOU!!!!!BY: MICHELLE MADRID

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