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Robotics : Future of Food Industry

In this slide we got some facts and information about the robotics and automation that have been done so far in food industry and able to identify some of them that are used in our surroundings.

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Robotics : Future of Food Industry

  1. 1. Presented By- Aman Chhibber M. Sc. Food Science & Technology Roll No. RH1425A10 Registration No. 11409419 The Future of Food Processing Industry Masters Seminar (FOT 591) On
  2. 2. Definition by:- British Automation and Robot Association (BARA) An industrial robot is a reprogrammable device designed both to manipulate and/or transport parts, tools, or specified manufacturing implements through variable programmed motions, for the performance of specific manufacturing tasks. Definition by:- International Standards Organization (ISO) An automatically controlled, re-programmable, multipurpose, manipulative machine with several degrees of freedom, which may be either fixed in place or mobile for use in industrial automation applications.
  3. 3. In 1956, George Devol and Joe Engelberger established a company called Unimation, a shortened form of the words Universal Animation. The first modern industrial robot, called Unimate, were developed by George Devol and Joe Engelberger in 1959. Engelberger formed Unimation and was the first to market robots. As a result, Engelberger has been called as the 'father of robotics.'
  5. 5. Potential Benefits From Robotics System  The requirement for reduced floor space  Good hygiene levels  Improved efficiency  Improved quality  The ability to work in cold or hostile environments  Increased yields and reduced wastage  Increased consistency  Increased flexibility for some operations
  6. 6.  Aerospace  Automotive manufacturing and supply  Chemical, rubber and plastics manufacturing  Electrical and electronics  Entertainment-movie making  Food stuff and beverage manufacturing  Glass, ceramics and mineral production  Printing  Wood and furniture manufacturing
  7. 7. Bakery Bottling/Beverages Confectionaries Dairy Fast Food/Snacks Produce Meat Stand-up pouches, sachets Pillow style pouches
  8. 8. Types of Robots used in food industry The main types of robots used in the food industry are Portal robots:  Portal robots are mounted robotic systems that span a cubic handling area by means of three linear axes  The actual robotic kinematics (the moving axes) are located above the mounting Articulated robots:  Articulated robots are industrial robots with multiple interacting jointed arms that can be fitted with grippers or tools  Articulated robots offer a high degree of flexibility
  9. 9. SCARAs:  Selective Compliance Assembly robot Arms, or SCARAs, are a particular form of articulated robots  They have a single articulated arm that can only move horizontally. They work in a similar way to human arms and are often called ‘horizontal articulated arm robots’ Delta robots:  Spider-like delta robots a special form of parallel robot typically have three to four articulated axes with stationary actuators. Because their actuators are located in the base, these kinds of robots have only a small inertia. This allows for very high speeds and acceleration (Khodabandehloo, 1996)
  10. 10. Components of Robots
  11. 11. AREA OF WORK  Cartoning  Cleaning  Coding and Marking  Conveyors  Filling  Form Fill Seal Inspection Labelling Packing Palletising & De- palletising Wrapping Handling
  12. 12. CARTONING Motoman robotics :Yaskawa Electric Corporation
  13. 13. Cost:-$85,000 to $95,000 Cost in Rs:- Rs 3,931,250 to Rs 4,393,750 FANUC Robotics America, Inc.
  14. 14. LABELLING CODING AND MARKING FANUC Robotics America, Inc.SATO Asia Pacific . Ltd
  15. 15.  This is an area in which a multitude of products, applications and packaging line set-ups. Frozen food, bakery and confectionary, ice cream, meat and fish, cheese, pet food, medical products, shampoo and perfume bottles Delta robot is more commonly used
  16. 16. Liquibox Pakaging solutions, Cost :- $3,243.2 cost in Rs:- Rs 1,50,000 onwards
  17. 17.  Yield control, legislation, difficulties in staff availability will increase commercial pressures and encourage more meat processor organisations to automate, simply to maintain throughput (Balkcom et al., 2008)  Initially many meat automation research projects developed spoke robots for their particular task (Ranger et al ., 2004 )  The main aim of using an industrial robot is to reduce production costs and occupational injuries while improving process efficiency and hygiene Robotics in Meat Processing
  18. 18. • Primal cutting (ARTEPP) • Splitting • Deboning • Removal of hair or hide of pig , cattle/ cow (KUKA robot) • Evisceration and Dressing
  19. 19.  Stunning
  20. 20. Robotics in Fruits and Vegetables Processing  The first automated grading facilities for fruit and vegetables became available more than 10 years ago  A grading system using robots has been developed for use with deciduous fruits such as peaches, pears, and apples. System automatically picks fruit from containers and inspects all sides of the fruit (Kondo, 2003)  Robot technology has proved able to handle agricultural products delicately and with a high degree of precision, and to gather information to create a database of products every season
  21. 21. Application in Fruits and Vegetables Harvesting of food products :  Industrial Robot (1999) reports that, in the last 15 years, mechanisation in farming has increased massively and the labour force has shrunk proportionately  Kondo et al. (1996) developed a fruit harvesting robot for use in Japanese agriculture systems which commonly produce crops in greenhouses and in small fields  Reed et al. (2001) developed an end-effector for the delicate harvesting of mushrooms
  22. 22.  Ceres et al. (1998) designed and implemented a human aided fruit-harvesting robot (Agribot)  The Agribot approaches the problem of fruit picking by combining human and machine operations
  23. 23. Grading of Fruits and Vegetables
  24. 24. Robotics in Dairy Industry  Robotic or automatic milking systems (AMS) are becoming increasingly important in dairy farming  Automatic Milking Systems (AMS) milk cows any time without the need for a human worker to be present  Cows choose when to be milked and detailed data is recorded by the robot which can be accessed remotely by computer or mobile device  Relatively small base, robotic milking has been predicted to become increasingly common  DeKoning and Rodenburg (2014) estimated that Internationally there were around 5,200 machines in operation in 2014
  25. 25. MILKING ROBOT This systems cost approximately: $190,524[: Fullwood. (UK) Merlin AMS
  26. 26. CROSS SECTION OF TEAT CUP Teat Chamber Rubber Liner Stainless Steel Shell Pulsation Chamber Vacuum Vacuum or atmosphere CROSS SECTION OF TEAT CUP -Pulsator allows air into chamber -liner collapses CROSS SECTION OF TEAT CUP Collapsed liner massages teat causes milk flow to stop Liner collapses, teat stretches CROSS SECTION OF TEAT CUP Vacuum removes air, liner opens CROSS SECTION OF TEAT CUP Milk removed from teat by vacuum when liner is open CROSS SECTION OF TEAT CUPCROSS SECTION OF TEAT CUP Pulsator repeats process
  27. 27. SENSORY ROBOTICS 1)Electronic Nose 2)Electronic Tongue 3)Electronic Chewing machine
  28. 28. Uses the pattern of responses from an array of gas sensors to examine and identify a gaseous sample
  29. 29. Inhaling  Pump Mucus  Filter Olfactory Epithelium  Sensors Binding With Proteins  Interaction Enzymatic Reactions  Reaction Cell Membrane Depolarized  Signal Nerve Impulses  Circuitry & Neural Network
  30. 30. Vapor Array of Sensors Pattern Recognition Result Array of Signals BASIC DESIGN OF AN ELECTRONIC NOSE
  31. 31.  FUNCTION: Identify gases and quantify concentrations (ppb- ppt)  APPLICATION: Air, Water, Soil, Plant volatiles.  PRINCIPLE: SAW sensor(s) & Micro-GC  PROS: Quick (10 sec), Small, Sensitivity, Remote option  CONS: so far none  COST: $19, 450 - $24, 950+ ELECTRONIC NOSE (S)
  32. 32.  FUNCTION: Identify chemical composition of liquids  APPLICATION: Dissolved organics & inorganics, Aquatic mold growth, Soil analysis  PRINCIPLE: 100’s of microsensors on chip, Colors change depending on chemicals, Results read by camera on a chip  PROS: Cheap, Disposable, Qualitative, Quantitative, Several analyses simultaneously  CONS: Not commercially available in US  COST: Inexpensive ELECTRONIC TONGUE (ET)
  33. 33. What is an electronic tongue ? Taste cell Nerve cell Taste compounds Electric responses Brain Taste reception Biological taste system Artificial liquid system - electronic tongue Sensor responses ComputerSensor array Pattern recognition Y. Vlasov, A. Legin, A. Rudnitskaya, Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 2002, 373, 136.
  34. 34. It can be used to: Analyze flavour ageing in beverages (for instance fruit juice, alcoholic or non alcoholic drinks, flavoured milks…) Quantify bitterness or “spicy level” of drinks or dissolved compounds (e.g. bitterness measurement and prediction) Quantify taste masking efficiency of formulations (tablets, syrups, powders, capsules, lozenges…)
  35. 35. A schematic representation of the artificial mouth apparatus Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry vol:-May 5, 2008  Reproduce the result of mastication  Chewing, the release of saliva  The rate of food breakdown  And the temperature all affect the flavor and smell of food before it’s swallowed. Munch-o-matic: Scientists develop the Artificial Mouth
  36. 36. The $70 billion food and beverage industry & $24 billion FMCG industry has an annual growth rate of 20 per cent. With the Indian economy expected to grow at the rate of six to eight per cent, the $14 billion logistic industry is poised for a leap thereby providing a huge potential for palletizing robots. This heavy duty palletizing Robots are claimed to safely load goods of about 700 kg to 1300kg. Palletizing robots are very useful in loading and wrapping big and heavy goods & are typically used by FMCG, logistics and consumer goods companies.
  37. 37. CONCLUSION Robots will help Indian manufacturers to increase productivity & quality, leading to increased profitability. Sensory robots provides solutions for Accuracy, sensitivity of the process and safety of Human Sensors. The high acquisition costs continues to be the main barrier for the expansion of this technique.  While factors related dependency of humans on robots need to be considered seriously.
  38. 38. Erzincanli F. and Sharp J. M. 1997. Meeting the need for robotic handling of food products, Food Control, Vol. 10 (4), : 185-190 Hillerton Eric J. 1997. Milking equipment for robotic milking, Computers and Electronics in Agriculture (17): 41-51. Luque de Castro M.D, Torres P. 1995. Where is analytical laboratory robotics going? Trends in analytical chemistry, vol. 74 (10), :492 - 495. Wallin Peter j. 1997 Robotics in the food industry : An update, Trends in Food Science & Technology Vol. 81: 193-198. Kondo N (2003) Fruit grading robot. In Proceedings of IEEE/ASME International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics on CD-ROM, July 20–24 2003, Kobe, Japan