Language comparison

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Language comparison

  1. 1. Language Comparison<br />Marie Hartmann<br />
  2. 2. Yan<br /><ul><li> eight-year-old boy
  3. 3. born in New York, but parents both from China
  4. 4. speaks Mandarin and Chinese at home
  5. 5. lived in China for one year and attended preschool there
  6. 6. classifies as a developing learner</li></li></ul><li>Mandarin Characteristics<br /><ul><li>parts of speech are not formally distinguished
  7. 7. concepts of time and verb tenses are not articulated</li></ul> in the same was as they are in English <br /><ul><li> words remain the same without regard to the number of</li></ul>items, gender, or person <br /><ul><li> pronouns are neither masculine nor feminine
  8. 8. there are no auxiliaries in questions or negative sentences
  9. 9. there are no articles
  10. 10. there are no plurals
  11. 11. affixes are rare
  12. 12. word order does not change when forming questions</li></li></ul><li>Mandarin Characteristics<br /><ul><li>the voiced sounds of v, z, th (as in then), j (as in jelly),</li></ul> and zh (as in garage) do not exist<br /><ul><li>vowel sound found in band does not exist and could be</li></ul> substituted with the word bond <br /><ul><li>z sound does not exist; usually the s sound is used
  13. 13. plurality and tense are not indicated by morphemes
  14. 14. four different tones can be applied to syllables;</li></ul> each tone changes the meaning<br />
  15. 15. Errors<br />Articles <br />Reason for Errors - <br />There are no articles in Mandarin.<br />
  16. 16. Errors<br />Plurals<br />Reason for Errors – <br />Plurality is not expressed in Mandarin. <br />
  17. 17. Errors<br />Verb Tense<br />Reason for Errors – <br />Tense and time are expressed differently in Mandarin than<br />they are in English. <br />
  18. 18. Errors<br />Phonemic<br />Reason for Error – <br />The v sound does not exist in Mandarin.<br />
  19. 19. References<br />Flaitz, J., Eckstein, L. K., Kalaydjian, K. S., Miranda, A., Mitchell, D. A., Mohamed,<br /> A., . . . Zollner, L. E. (2003). Understanding your international students:<br /> An educational, cultural, and linguistic guide. Ann Arbor, MI:<br /> The University of Michigan Press.<br />Li, C. N. & Thompson, S. A. (1981). Mandarin Chinese: A functional reference grammar.<br /> Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.<br />Lin, H. T. (1981). Essential grammar for modern Chinese.<br /> Boston, MA: Cheng & Tsui Company, Inc.<br />WIDA Consortium. (2009). The English language learner CAN DO booklet: Grades 1-2.<br /> Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System. <br />

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