Census population by dr najeeb memon

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Census population by dr najeeb memon

e mail mnajeeb80@gmail.com

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Census population by dr najeeb memon

  1. 1. DEMOGRAHPIC DATA Population Census BY DR: NAJEEB MEMON ASSIST: PROF:
  2. 2. SOURCES OF DEMOGRAPHIC DATA Census Surveys Registration of births and deaths • In developing countries ( Pakistan) registration of births & deaths is grossly Incomplete Unreliable • :. Demographic sample surveys are conducted yearly to estimate the births & deaths.
  3. 3. Census Census: Enumeration of entire population & often the compilation of other demographic, social & economic information pertaining to that particular population at a specific time. Internal Obstacles Lack of trained staff Poor transportation & cultural barriers Survey Survey: is actually a technique that takes out a sample from a population scientifically to arrive at a decision for the entire population
  4. 4. CENSUS Introduction & History CENSUS COUNTING = • The number of persons in any community can be determined by Counting . Demographic Census is a Socioeconomic Characteristic of population
  5. 5. • First complete census in SWEDEN (in 1749 A.D.) • Other countries followed it • In Indo-Pak the 1st 1867-1872, • & repeated in 1881. • Therefore , it has been carried out every 10th year. Pakistan’s 1st in 1951, 2nd 1961 3rd 1972 4th 1981 5th in 1998 & 6th 2008
  6. 6. Methods of Census • Census are taken by : • 1) Enumeration • 2) Questionnaire • 3) Combined of both methods • First method is used in Pakistan and USA, while the Questionnaire method in England
  7. 7. Planning & Preparation
  8. 8. TYPES OF CENSUS • Census may either be “de facto” or “de jure” “de facto” a person is counted at the place he or she is found at the time of counting. “de jure” A person is counted at the place of its normal residence.
  9. 9. Registration of Vital Events(V.E) • Whereas “Census” is an intermittent counting of Population, • registration of births & deaths (V.E) keeps a continuous check on demographic changes. If it is complete and accurate, it can serve as reliable source of health information.
  10. 10. System of Collection and Registration of Vital Events in Pakistan • Registration of Births & Deaths The Registration of births and deaths is carried out throughout Pakistan excepting the Agencies and Tribal areas of N.W.F.P., Baluchistan
  11. 11. Continue.. • The area of Sindh Province has however a different type of system for registering these event. From Medical Institutions The hospitals & dispensaries to the local health authorities In the Urban areas : Births and deaths registration is done by local bodies. In rural areas: it is done by the village Headman or Union Council.
  12. 12. Other sources of Demographic Data • • • • • • • • Notification of Diseases Hospital Records Disease Registries Other Health Services Record Record Linkage Health Manpower Statistics Environmental Health Statistics Population based Epidemiological studies
  13. 13. • Urbanization: Mass movement of rural population to urban resulting in increasing of urban pop & growth of cities. Some countries define: 25000 or more Other countries: Minimum of 20 000 Metropolitan Area: 100000 or more people (important city at its core plus suburban & exurban areas that surround the city) Urban Agglomeration: 1 million population or more Mega city: 10 million population or more
  14. 14. THANK YOU! 02/05/14 15

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