Culture Instructor: Matthew Ward Mentor: Dr. Lucas Hilderbrand UTeach Spring 2009
COPYRIGHT, CENSORSHIP AND PRIVACY <ul><li>Objectives: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Comprehend copyright laws and regulations in r...
LAZY SUNDAY <ul><li>SNL Digital Short </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.hulu.com/watch/1397/saturday-night-live-snl-dig...
COPYRIGHT LAWS AND REGULATIONS <ul><li>Copyright Infringement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intellectual Property </li></ul></ul><...
YOUTOMB.COM <ul><li>Research project by MIT Free Culture </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http:// youtomb.mit.edu / </li></ul></u...
FILE-SHARING <ul><li>MP3s (audio and video) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Near perfect digital copy made and stored on computer, t...
ETHICS AND STANDARDS <ul><li>Vivendi </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Negotiated licensing deals for music videos </li></ul></ul>...
VIACOM VS. GOOGLE <ul><li>November 13, 2006 – Google purchased YouTube.com for $1.65 billion in stock </li></ul><ul><li>Ma...
CENSORSHIP ON THE INTERNET <ul><li>1 ST  Amendment Rights </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Self-expression </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Por...
PRIVACY ISSUES <ul><li>“ Star Wars Kid” </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HPPj6viIBmU </li></ul></u...
RICHARDS SPEW RACIAL HATE <ul><li>Michael Richards taped spewing racial epithets when African-American audience members he...
VIDEO ASSIGNMENT  1 <ul><li>Find a video that can easily be deemed as copyright infringement. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Questi...
VIDEO ASSIGNMENT 2 <ul><li>Find a video that requires the user to verify their age before viewing the content. </li></ul><...
VIDEO ASSIGNMENT  3 <ul><li>Find a video that violates a person’s privacy rights. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Questions to consi...
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You Tube Cult CCP

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Objectives:
Comprehend copyright laws and regulations in relation to new media
Understand the dilemmas with censorship on the Internet
Think about what we consider to be publicly private

  • If corporations like News Corp don't want their products ripped off, they should provide them free to all global viewers and customers. Problem solved http://dexteryagers.blogspot.com/
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You Tube Cult CCP

  1. 1. Culture Instructor: Matthew Ward Mentor: Dr. Lucas Hilderbrand UTeach Spring 2009
  2. 2. COPYRIGHT, CENSORSHIP AND PRIVACY <ul><li>Objectives: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Comprehend copyright laws and regulations in relation to new media. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Understand the dilemmas with censorship on the Internet. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Think about what we consider to be publicly private. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. LAZY SUNDAY <ul><li>SNL Digital Short </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.hulu.com/watch/1397/saturday-night-live-snl-digital-short-lazy-sunday </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aired on December 17, 2005 on SNL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Starring Chris Parnell and Andy Samberg </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Multiply versions; one viewed over 5 million times </li></ul><ul><li>NBC asked to remove it, YouTube agreed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ We know how popular that video is, but YouTube respects the rights of copyright holders.” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>October 2007, NBC along with News Corp. introduce Hulu.com </li></ul>
  4. 4. COPYRIGHT LAWS AND REGULATIONS <ul><li>Copyright Infringement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intellectual Property </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Illegal to attempt to break the copyright protection chips and codes, “antipiracy devices” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Internet service providers expected to remove sites that violate DMCA terms </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Napster Case </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. YOUTOMB.COM <ul><li>Research project by MIT Free Culture </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http:// youtomb.mit.edu / </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tracks videos taken down from YouTube for alleged copyright violation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GOAL: Identify how YouTube recognizes potential copyright violations and aggregate mistakes made by algorithm </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. FILE-SHARING <ul><li>MP3s (audio and video) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Near perfect digital copy made and stored on computer, then distribute to anyone (p2p) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Music/Film&TV industry’s fears of losing sales due to unauthorized copies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>June 2005, U.S. Court of Appeals overturned FCC’s rule, “broadcast flag” provision </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. ETHICS AND STANDARDS <ul><li>Vivendi </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Negotiated licensing deals for music videos </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Permission from record label </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lip-sync videos must obtain permission of publishers who represent the song’s writers; potential lawsuit </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. VIACOM VS. GOOGLE <ul><li>November 13, 2006 – Google purchased YouTube.com for $1.65 billion in stock </li></ul><ul><li>March 13, 2007 – Viacom filed a lawsuit seeking $1 billion in damages </li></ul><ul><li>Countered under the “safe harbor” provision of DMCA </li></ul><ul><li>More conscientious toward copyright holders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Automated take-down tool </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>10-minute limit on videos </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>User breaks rules 3 times, account cancelled </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anti-piracy software </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Hashing” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Acoustic Fingerprints” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. CENSORSHIP ON THE INTERNET <ul><li>1 ST Amendment Rights </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Self-expression </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pornography </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Challenge to locate and eliminate clips of explicit nature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Flagging </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>YouTube Policy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Flag questionable content </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Not interested in being a site known for adult entertainment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>PornoTube </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>XTube </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No Users under 13 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>13 to 17 encouraged to ask for parental guidance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Verification page </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. PRIVACY ISSUES <ul><li>“ Star Wars Kid” </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HPPj6viIBmU </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Added Star Wars music and lightsaber lights and sounds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet Meme </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Television spoofs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>July 2003, harassment lawsuit against family of students, which later reached an out-of-court settlement </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ Happy Slapping” </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yLnC3CXze2A </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Accomplice records the assault of an unsuspecting victim </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Slapped </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Being beaten </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Perpetrators are usually young males </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attacker makes the assault look like play </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. RICHARDS SPEW RACIAL HATE <ul><li>Michael Richards taped spewing racial epithets when African-American audience members heckled his performance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Viewed 470,000 times </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acknowledged his actions and subsequently apologized publicly </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. VIDEO ASSIGNMENT 1 <ul><li>Find a video that can easily be deemed as copyright infringement. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Questions to consider: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What is it a violation of the issue of intellectual privacy? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How did you come upon this video? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. VIDEO ASSIGNMENT 2 <ul><li>Find a video that requires the user to verify their age before viewing the content. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Questions to consider: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What questionable material in the video requires the user to verify their age? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What are your thoughts on the simple age verification page? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. VIDEO ASSIGNMENT 3 <ul><li>Find a video that violates a person’s privacy rights. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Questions to consider: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Are the subject’s personal rights and freedoms being violated? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What promoted the video to record them? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What purpose does it serve when broadcasted on the Internet? </li></ul></ul></ul>

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