TextStory book project about slaves. By: Natalie Witherspoon
Once upon a time way back in the old dayswhen blacks and whites were separated, therewas something called slavery.
What was Slavery???Slavery was people that were treated as property andwere forced to work. Slaves can be held against theirwill from the time of their capture, purchase or birth,and deprived of the right to leave, to refuse to work, orto demand compensation. When a Slave gave birththe child is born a slave. And if a child is born duringwork in the field then the slave takes the baby tosomeone to take care of it then is expected to returnback to work within a few hours. A slave was expectedto start working at the age of 13-20.
Christmas/ EducationThe only time Slaves could pretend they were freewas on Christmas.Slaves were not allowed to get and education, theycouldn’t read or write. Slaves were not allowed to usebooks, pen, ink, or paper.John Chavis in Raleigh, North Carolina, ran secretnight schools. Teachers found educating blackchildren would be run out of town.
PunishmentSlave owners in Virginia smoked slaves. Thisincluded whipping slaves and putting them in atobacco smokehouse." Moses Roper claimed that inSouth Carolina they use to "drive nails into ahogs head so as to leave the point of the nail justprotruding in the inside of the Casket. Into this heused to put his slaves for punishment, and rollthem down a very long and steep hill.”
Slave ownershipMost plantations were owner operated and theplanters were often worked in the fields. Mostof the southern white population was8,099,760 in 1860, only 384,000 ownedslaves.These 10,780 owned 50 or more. It wascalculated that about 88% of Americas slaveowners, owned 20 slaves or less.
MarriageMost slave owners wanted their slaves to marry.Because they thought that married men was lesslikely to be rebellious or to run away. Some ownersfavored marriage for religious reasons and it was inthe interests of plantation owners for women to havechildren. Some plantation owners promised womenslaves their freedom after they have had 15 children.Several slaves recorded in their autobiographies thatthey were reluctant to marry women from the sameplantation.
MarriageIf a slave man and womanwished to marry, a partywould be arranged someSaturday night with theslaves. The marriage ceremonyconsisted of the pair jumpingover a stick. And if no childrenwere born within a year or so,the wife was sold.
What were Field Slaves? Field slaves were slaves that worked out in thefields and planted crops such as tobacco, rice,sugar, and cotton. Slaves were in the fields fromsunrise to sunset and at harvest time they did 18hours day. Women worked the same hours as themen and pregnant women were expected tocontinue until their child was born.
HousingThe homes provided for slaves usually consisted ofwooden shacks with dirt floors. They were built tohouse two families.Some had partitions, whileothers had none. When there were no partitions eachfamily would fit up their own part as good theycould. Sometimes they got old boards and nailedthem up, stuffing the cracks with rags. When theycould not get boards they hung up old clothes.
Religion In the South black people were not usually allowedto attend church services. Those churches that didaccept them, would segregate them from whiteworshipers.One of the main reasons why owners did not wanttheir slaves to become Christians involved the Bible.They feared that slaves might interpret the teachingsof JesusChrist as being in favor of equality.
QuakersQuakers Played Major Role in Ending Slavery inThe United States. What they would do is theywould buy slaves and then set them free.Quakers also played a huge role in organizing andrunning the “Underground Railroad.” This was asystem of secret routes and safe houses that helpedrun away slaves reach freedom in the northern statesand in Canada.