A Nation is Born: Revolutionary Literature
Historical Background <ul><li>1750-  4 th -5 th  generation in North America ( Virginia  and New England) </li></ul><ul><l...
 
Philosophical Background: The Age of Reason <ul><li>Groundwork for the American Revolution was laid by European thinkers, ...
Toward a Clash of Arms   <ul><li>American Revolution was preceded by the  French  and  Indian  War </li></ul><ul><li>1754-...
“ Shot Heard ‘Round the World” <ul><li>1775 – April 19. 700 British troops meet 70 Colonial troops in  Lexington . Random ...
The New Nation <ul><li>Articles of  Confederation  established a “league of friendship” among the new states. </li></ul><u...
Literature of the Period: A Time of Crisis <ul><li>During period, writing becomes  public . </li></ul><ul><li>When war com...
Politics as Literature <ul><li>America political writing reshapes world. </li></ul><ul><li>James Otis: famous speaker and ...
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A Nation Is Born

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Notes for Revolutionary War literature.

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A Nation Is Born

  1. 1. A Nation is Born: Revolutionary Literature
  2. 2. Historical Background <ul><li>1750- 4 th -5 th generation in North America ( Virginia and New England) </li></ul><ul><li>1750’s-Few Americans had thoughts of independence </li></ul><ul><li>1760’s-1770’s: George III and Parliament pass acts that threaten liberty of colonists </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually discontent leads to war. </li></ul>
  3. 4. Philosophical Background: The Age of Reason <ul><li>Groundwork for the American Revolution was laid by European thinkers, the king and the Parliament. </li></ul><ul><li>18 th Century: Enlightenment or Age of Reason </li></ul><ul><li>Writers and Thinkers: Galileo, Voltaire, Rousseau, Locke </li></ul><ul><li>The writers valued reason over faith </li></ul>
  4. 5. Toward a Clash of Arms <ul><li>American Revolution was preceded by the French and Indian War </li></ul><ul><li>1754- French and Indian War starts </li></ul><ul><li>1763-War ends. France gives up claims to North America </li></ul><ul><li>1767-Britain raises taxes to pay for war debts </li></ul><ul><li>1770-Boston Massacre. Boston Tea Party. </li></ul><ul><li>1774- First Continental Congress </li></ul>
  5. 6. “ Shot Heard ‘Round the World” <ul><li>1775 – April 19. 700 British troops meet 70 Colonial troops in Lexington . Random shot fired, start of American Revolution. </li></ul><ul><li>Next conflict in Concord. </li></ul><ul><li>June- thousands of British soldiers were killed </li></ul><ul><li>George Washington was head of Colonial Army </li></ul><ul><li>1777-Battle of Saratoga , turning point of American Revolution. America wins, France recognizes its independence. </li></ul><ul><li>1781-October 19, War ends. </li></ul>
  6. 7. The New Nation <ul><li>Articles of Confederation established a “league of friendship” among the new states. </li></ul><ul><li>Articles did not work well. </li></ul><ul><li>George Washington became first president . </li></ul><ul><li>Constitution replaces the Articles of Confederation. This requires many compromises. </li></ul><ul><li>1800-Thomas Jefferson elected President. </li></ul>
  7. 8. Literature of the Period: A Time of Crisis <ul><li>During period, writing becomes public . </li></ul><ul><li>When war comes, there were 30 newspapers </li></ul><ul><li>Washington’s Presidency: 40 magazines </li></ul><ul><li>Almanacs are popular </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone was interested in politics and war </li></ul><ul><li>Journalists wrote politically </li></ul>
  8. 9. Politics as Literature <ul><li>America political writing reshapes world. </li></ul><ul><li>James Otis: famous speaker and pamphleteer: “Taxation without representation is tyranny” </li></ul><ul><li>Patrick Henry was a great orator: “Give me liberty or give me death ” </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas Paine: Most influential: Wrote Common Sense , sold 1000 copies. </li></ul><ul><li>Declaration of Independence: written by Thomas Jefferson </li></ul>

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