New mexico revolution powepoint


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New mexico revolution powepoint

  1. 1. The Mexican Revolution <br />By: Maria Moreno <br />History 30 <br />Professor Arguello<br />
  2. 2. The Mexican Revolution<br />Objective:<br /><ul><li>To understand the events that led to the Mexican Revolution
  3. 3. To understand the struggle for Mexican Democracy</li></li></ul><li>“Porfiriato”<br />PorfirioDíaz was one of the generals of the Liberal army who was President of Mexico from 1877 until 1911, a period known as the Porfiriatobecause the figure of PorfirioDíaz dominated it. <br />During this period, the economy grew; new railways and telephone networks were built; new banks opened; industry, mining, agriculture and commerce expanded. Major concessions led to foreign control over large sectors of the economy<br />
  4. 4. Although President Díaz brought many benefits to Mexico, he was a dictator - a President who abused his power. Under Díaz, a few land owners became very wealthy, but the majority of Mexicans remained poor. <br />David Siquieros Mural: "Don Porfirio [Diaz] and his Courtesans". 1957-65 <br />
  5. 5. The Rebellion Begins<br />During the first years of the 20th century, a new generation of educated, young Mexicans that did not belong to Díaz' group desired change. For the first time in thirty-three years other political parties were formed.<br />
  6. 6. Francisco Madero<br />In 1910, the Mexican Revolution began as a result of frustration that Diaz's promise of free elections was not kept and he declared that he had won yet another election. Francisco I. Madero was one of those who had organized another political party. After the election he led the revolt against Diaz who eventually resigned and was exiled to France.<br />
  7. 7. General VictorianoHuerta<br />In 1913 he plotted secretly with Madero's enemies, and overthrew the president. Huerta established a military dictatorship, notable for political corruption and rule by imprisonment and assassination. He was supported by large land owners, the army, and foreign companies. Numerous counterrevolutions broke out; the most important insurgent leaders of the ConstitutionalistMovement wereVenustiano Carranza, Francisco Villa, and Emiliano Zapata.<br />
  8. 8. Venustiano Carranza<br />Steady insurgent military pressure forced Huerta to resign in July, 1914. When this happened, Venustiano Carranza then assumed power. Huerta fled to Europe and returned to the United States, where he was subsequently arrested for revolutionary activities; he died shortly after being released from an army jail.<br />Under Carranza's presidency a new Constitution was adopted in 1917. The new Constitution took into account individual and social rights, particularly to protect the workers and the peasants, and was very nationalistic. <br />
  9. 9. Zapata<br />On April 10, 1919, Zapata was tricked into a meeting with one of Carranza's generals who wanted to "switch sides." The meeting was a trap, and Zapata was killed as he arrived at the meeting.<br />In 1920, he Carranza tried to install a President that was favorable to him. However, he lost support from the people. <br />Carranza tried to flee to Vera Cruz. On May 20. 1920, he was killed as he slept in a small wooden hut in San Antonio Tlaxcalantongo.<br />