Liberal Democracy by Muhammad Muinul Islam

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  • BNP, Awami League, Jamaat
  • Education Policy of Bangladesh, Oil-Gas Pact etc.
  • Now Majority of the country.
  • Liberal Democracy by Muhammad Muinul Islam

    1. 1. Liberal Democracy: Definition and Major Variants Prepared by: Muhammad Muinul Islam Department of Public Administration Jahangirnagar University [email_address]
    2. 2. <ul><li>Democracy has many forms from ancient times to present. </li></ul>Introduction
    3. 3. <ul><li>The idea of democracy is shaped in different times in different forms which are sometimes overlapping . </li></ul>Introduction
    4. 4. Examples Democracy Direct Democracy Madisonian Democracy Majoritarian Democracy Representative Democracy Liberal Democracy
    5. 5. What is Democracy? <ul><li>Rule by the people </li></ul><ul><li>Popular sovereignty, </li></ul><ul><li>Majority rule, and </li></ul><ul><li>Political equality. </li></ul>
    6. 6. What is Liberal Democracy? <ul><li>Two terms: Two related features of political System – </li></ul><ul><li>Responsiveness of the wishes of citizen. </li></ul><ul><li>The wishes of the majority are not to override all the political or civil rights of the minorities . </li></ul>
    7. 7. What is Liberal Democracy? <ul><li>Competitive political system </li></ul>
    8. 8. <ul><li>Freedom of speech, press and assembly </li></ul>
    9. 9. <ul><li>Expression of preferences or capacity to bargain </li></ul><ul><li>in policy </li></ul>
    10. 10. Definition <ul><li>“ A democracy in which majoritarian decisions (from direct or representative processes) prevail in many policy areas, subject to the restriction that those decisions may not breach individuals' liberties and rights , as spelled out in a constitution .” </li></ul>
    11. 11. Examples of Liberal Democracy <ul><li>USA </li></ul><ul><li>France </li></ul><ul><li>Switzerland </li></ul>
    12. 12. A Brief Overview <ul><li>1902 – 48 Nations – 9 Liberal democracies </li></ul><ul><li>1 st World War – 65 Nations – 22 Liberal democracies </li></ul><ul><li>1985 – 30% of World regimes. </li></ul>
    13. 13. Major Variants - One <ul><li>Constitutional Organization: Decision Rules </li></ul><ul><li>How laws must be made </li></ul><ul><li>Degree of inclusiveness </li></ul><ul><li>Majoritarian form </li></ul>
    14. 14. Major Variants - Two <ul><li>Constitutional Organization: Election Rules </li></ul><ul><li>Two Party System </li></ul><ul><li>Principle of ‘first past the post’ election rule </li></ul>
    15. 15. Major Variants - Three <ul><li>Competitive Party System: Critical Linkage </li></ul>
    16. 16. Major Variants - Four <ul><li>Interest Group System </li></ul>
    17. 17. Citizen Participation in Liberal Democray <ul><li>Voting Participation </li></ul>
    18. 18. <ul><li>Campaign and Communal Participation </li></ul>
    19. 19. <ul><li>Interest Groups </li></ul>
    20. 20. Points to Learn <ul><li>What is Liberal Democracy? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the differences between democracy and liberal democracy? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the major variants of liberal democracy? </li></ul><ul><li>Analyze major variants of democracy in the context of Bangladesh. </li></ul><ul><li>Is liberal democracy a threat to development of a nation? </li></ul>
    21. 21. <ul><li>Thank you! </li></ul>

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