What are Thinking Maps?
Visual way to organize thinking and learning in a
8 kinds of thinking maps are based on 8
fundamental thinking processes such as comparing
and contrasting, sequencing, classifying, and
For improving the basics of reading, writing, and
mathematics as well as for problem-solving and
the development of higher-order thinking abilities .
Why use Thinking Maps?
Students learn more effectively and with greater
Thought processes are cross curricular
Gauge student prior knowledge
Student performance can be tracked accurately over
Skills can carry across students’ academic careers
Lifelong thinking tools
Eight Thinking Maps
Circle Map: for defining
Bubble Map: for describing
Flow Map : for sequencing
Brace Map : for identifying
Tree Map : for
Double Bubble Map: for
comparing and contrasting
Multi-flow Map: for
analyzing causes and effects
Bridge Map: for seeing
Thinking Maps vs. Graphic Organizers
Both thinking/mind maps and graphic organizers are visual
tools useful for teaching and assessment. Both are highly
successful and have concrete patterns.
Thinking Maps Graphic Organizers
•Based on fundamental •Based on isolated tasks
thinking skills •determined forms
•Flexible forms •Difficult to transfer to other
•Transfers easily across subjects
subjects •Teacher oriented
Thinking Map Steps
1. Determine the type of thinking
2. Decide on the information to put in your
3. Draw the outline of the map.
4. Add information
5. Study the information.
6. Create more than one thinking map about
a given topic.