Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Power Point Team A

2,991 views

Published on

  • Be the first to comment

Power Point Team A

  1. 1. Pedagogy versus Andragogy Team A: Carolyn Edmonds, Jamie Falkner, Penny Jones, Martin Mcfarlane, Lisa Moore, Gloria Washington University of Phoenix EDD/511: Adult Learning: Theories, Principles, and Applications Jennifer Vaughan-LeForce, Facilitator May 26, 2008
  2. 2. Adults Learn Differently Than Children <ul><li>Members of Team A feel that adults learn differently then children </li></ul><ul><li>This is illustrated in the team members personal learning experiences </li></ul>
  3. 3. Child Learning (Pedagogy) <ul><li>The function or work of a teacher in a traditional classroom: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fact based lecturing is often the mode of knowledge transmission. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Learners rely on the instructor to direct the learning. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Learners are building a knowledge base and must be shown how their life experiences connect with the present learning </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Guidance Counselor </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Learners often see no reason for taking a particular course. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Adult Learning (Andragogy ) <ul><li>The methods or techniques used to teach adults </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Instructors facilitate the learners to his or her own knowledge rather than supplying them with facts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Instructors should use open ended questions to bring out the vast experiences of the adult learners </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Instructors make sure the information is relevant </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Instructors must integrate new information </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>with previous experiences </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Assumptions of Andragogy <ul><li>Adult learner’s are self-directed </li></ul><ul><li>Adults bring experience with them to the learning environment </li></ul><ul><li>Adults enter the learning environment ready to learn </li></ul><ul><li>Adult learners are problem oriented </li></ul><ul><li>Adults are motivated to learn by internal factors </li></ul>
  6. 6. Application of Assumptions <ul><li>Assumption One: </li></ul><ul><li>Adult learner’s are self-directed </li></ul><ul><li>For Example </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adults are responsible for directing their own lives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adults have their own goals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adults may be conflicted by their past learning experiences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Instructor must be a facilitator </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Application of Assumptions <ul><li>Assumption Two: </li></ul><ul><li>Adults bring experience with them to the learning environment </li></ul><ul><li>Adults come to learn with their experiences already in place. </li></ul><ul><li>Adults learn from experiences </li></ul><ul><li>Negative experiences tend to hold the adults back from learning new processes or new task </li></ul><ul><li>Positive experiences can be used to generalize the past experience to the new one </li></ul>
  8. 8. Application of Assumptions <ul><li>Assumption Two: </li></ul><ul><li>Adults bring experience with them to the learning environment </li></ul><ul><li>For example: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An older employee with years of experience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Responsible for overseeing the audio/video technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Audio and video technology transitioned from analog to digital </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prior experiences negatively affected learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Habitual ways of thinking and actions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Prejudices from life experiences </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Application of Assumptions <ul><li>Assumption Three: </li></ul><ul><li>Adults enter the learning environment ready to learn </li></ul><ul><li>For example: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Readiness to learn is often the result of a need </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Instructor should be aware of the learners need </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Academic learning must relate practically to the need </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Application of Assumptions <ul><li>Assumption Four: </li></ul><ul><li>Adult learners are problem oriented </li></ul><ul><li>Learning is self-initiated and tends to last a long time. </li></ul><ul><li>Learners are goal oriented and know for what purpose they are learning new information </li></ul><ul><li>Choice in course decided by problem orientation </li></ul>
  11. 11. Application of Assumptions <ul><li>Assumption Five: </li></ul><ul><li>Adults are motivated to learn by internal factors </li></ul><ul><li>When teaching high school students the motivation is different from the motivation that makes the adult learn.” </li></ul><ul><li>Prime motivation has been intrinsic </li></ul>
  12. 12. Children –vs- Adult learning strategies <ul><li>Adult learners have high motivation. </li></ul><ul><li>Adult learners are easily intrigued by material presented in class. </li></ul><ul><li>Classroom discussion plays a big part of the learning experience for adult learners. </li></ul>
  13. 13. References <ul><li>Blondy,L. (2007, Summer). Evaluation and application of andragogical assumptions to the adult online learning environment. Journal of Interactive Online Learning, 6(2), 116-130. Retrieved May 23, 2008, from http://www.ncolr.org/jiol/issues/PDF/6.2.3.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>Green, J. (1998). Androgogy: Teaching adults. In  B. Hoffman (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Educational Technology. Retrieved May 25, 2008, from http://coe.sdsu.edu/eet/Articles/andragogy/start.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Ross-Gordon, J. M. (2003, Summer). Adult learners in the classroom. New Directions for Student Services, 102, 43-52 Retrieved May 5, 2008 from EBSCO database </li></ul>
  14. 14. References <ul><li>Saunders, C. E. (1991). Pedagogy vs. andragogy: Are we treating our students like children? Military Intelligence Professional Bulletin . 17(1), 42-45. Retrieved May 19, 2008 from EBSCO database </li></ul><ul><li>Thompson, C. (1999). Adults learn differently than children. Retrieved May 23, 2008, from http://www.trainingsys.com/articles/adultslearn.html </li></ul>
  15. 15. Let’s Celebrate Learning This Year and Every Year!

×