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  1. 1. ANTARCTICA By: Mike Matook
  2. 2. Environmental Conditions <ul><li>Temp. can reach as low as -129F </li></ul><ul><li>Winds up to 200mph </li></ul><ul><li>Less than 1 inch of precipitation a year </li></ul><ul><li>Summer months are more mild, -40 to -50F and winds of 30 to 50 mph </li></ul><ul><li>Weather conditions: overcast, and slight snow </li></ul>
  3. 3. How long Human can endure <ul><li>At 32F the body dies within 20 minutes </li></ul>
  4. 4. Things Needed to survive <ul><li>Many loose layers( tight clothes limit blood circulation) </li></ul><ul><li>First layer: thermal underwear </li></ul><ul><li>Second layer: Jacket and Pants </li></ul><ul><li>Third Layer: removable shell (depending on how much activity) </li></ul><ul><li>Last layer: Parka and pants </li></ul>
  5. 5. Things Needed to Survive cont. <ul><li>Lip balm </li></ul><ul><li>Sun Screen </li></ul><ul><li>Sun Glasses </li></ul><ul><li>6,000 Calories a day diet </li></ul>
  6. 6. Muscular system <ul><li>: when we start to feel cold, we may begin to shiver, movements that are useless in themselves, but that generate heat as a by-product and so help to warm us up. Shivering can increase the production of heat five-fold . </li></ul>
  7. 7. Circulatory System <ul><li>body pumps blood throughout the body faster to keep you warm </li></ul><ul><li>Also limits circulation to limbs in order to keep core warm </li></ul>
  8. 8. Skeletal and Integumentary systems <ul><li>Body tries to be as small as possible to stay warm </li></ul><ul><li>Add layers so you don’t lose heat through head and limbs </li></ul><ul><li>Frostbite may occur if body gets colder than freezing point </li></ul>