Passé Composé with avoir

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Passé Composé with avoir

  1. 1. Le passé composé (avec avoir )
  2. 2. What is it? <ul><li>The passé composé is a past tense in French. It is a compound tense, which means it is made up of two verbs. You need an auxiliary verb in the present tense and the participe passé (past participle) of the main verb. For most verbs, the auxiliary verb is avoir . </li></ul>
  3. 3. To form the participe passé <ul><li>Drop the last two letters of the infinitive and add… </li></ul><ul><li>-er > é -ir > i -re > u </li></ul><ul><li>parl er fin ir vend re </li></ul><ul><li>parl é fin i vend u </li></ul>
  4. 4. Conjugation of parler in the passé composé <ul><li>avoir </li></ul><ul><li>j’ ai </li></ul><ul><li>tu as </li></ul><ul><li>il, elle, on a </li></ul><ul><li>nous avons </li></ul><ul><li>vous avez </li></ul><ul><li>ils, elles ont </li></ul><ul><li>participe passé </li></ul><ul><li>parl é </li></ul><ul><li>parl é </li></ul><ul><li>parl é </li></ul><ul><li>parl é </li></ul><ul><li>parl é </li></ul><ul><li>parl é </li></ul>
  5. 5. Translations (3 ways) <ul><li>J’ ai parl é . = I spoke. </li></ul><ul><li> I did speak. </li></ul><ul><li> I have spoken. </li></ul><ul><li>Elle a attend u . = ? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Negation <ul><li>Negative words go around the auxiliary verb . </li></ul><ul><li>Il n ’ a pas jou é . </li></ul><ul><li>He didn’t play./He hasn’t played. </li></ul><ul><li>Tu n ’ as pas fin i . </li></ul><ul><li>You didn’t finish./You haven’t finished. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Questions <ul><li>Est-ce que : (normal word order) Est-ce qu’il a jou é ? </li></ul><ul><li>Did he play? </li></ul><ul><li>Quand est-ce que tu as fin i ? </li></ul><ul><li>When did you finish? </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Inversion : (invert auxiliary verb and subject, add -) </li></ul><ul><li>Quand as -tu fin i ? </li></ul><ul><li>When did you finish? </li></ul><ul><li>A -t-il* jou é ? </li></ul><ul><li>Did he play? </li></ul><ul><li>* Add –t- when inverting il/elle/on form of avoir </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Negative inversion : (ne…pas goes around auxiliary verb and the subject) </li></ul><ul><li>N ’ a -t-il pas jou é ? </li></ul><ul><li>Didn’t he play? </li></ul><ul><li>N ’ as -tu pas fin i ? </li></ul><ul><li>Didn’t you finish? </li></ul>
  10. 10. Remember… <ul><li>The passé composé has TWO verbs: auxiliary verb ( avoir ) and participe passé . </li></ul><ul><li>The participe passé always comes after the auxiliary verb . </li></ul>

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