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Le passé composé (avec  avoir )
What is it? The  passé composé  is a past tense in French.  It is a compound tense, which means it is made up of two verbs.  You need an auxiliary verb in the present tense and the  participe passé  (past participle) of the main verb.  For most verbs, the auxiliary verb is  avoir .
To form the  participe passé Drop the  last two letters  of the infinitive and add… -er > é -ir > i -re > u parl er fin ir vend re parl é  fin i  vend u
Conjugation of  parler  in the  passé composé avoir j’ ai tu  as il, elle, on  a nous  avons vous  avez ils, elles  ont participe passé parl é parl é parl é parl é parl é parl é
Translations (3 ways) J’ ai  parl é . = I spoke.   I did speak.   I have spoken. Elle  a  attend u . = ?
Negation Negative  words go around the  auxiliary verb . Il  n ’ a  pas  jou é . He didn’t play./He hasn’t played. Tu  n ’ as  pas  fin i . You didn’t finish./You haven’t finished.
Questions Est-ce que : (normal word order) Est-ce qu’il  a  jou é ? Did he play? Quand est-ce que tu  as  fin i ? When did you finish?
Inversion : (invert  auxiliary verb  and subject, add -) Quand  as -tu fin i ? When did you finish? A -t-il* jou é ? Did he play? *  Add  –t-  when inverting  il/elle/on  form of  avoir
Negative  inversion : (ne…pas goes around  auxiliary verb  and the subject) N ’ a -t-il  pas  jou é ? Didn’t he play? N ’ as -tu  pas  fin i ? Didn’t you finish?
Remember… The  passé composé  has TWO verbs: auxiliary verb ( avoir ) and  participe passé . The  participe passé  always comes after the  auxiliary verb .

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Passé Composé with avoir

  • 1. Le passé composé (avec avoir )
  • 2. What is it? The passé composé is a past tense in French. It is a compound tense, which means it is made up of two verbs. You need an auxiliary verb in the present tense and the participe passé (past participle) of the main verb. For most verbs, the auxiliary verb is avoir .
  • 3. To form the participe passé Drop the last two letters of the infinitive and add… -er > é -ir > i -re > u parl er fin ir vend re parl é fin i vend u
  • 4. Conjugation of parler in the passé composé avoir j’ ai tu as il, elle, on a nous avons vous avez ils, elles ont participe passé parl é parl é parl é parl é parl é parl é
  • 5. Translations (3 ways) J’ ai parl é . = I spoke. I did speak. I have spoken. Elle a attend u . = ?
  • 6. Negation Negative words go around the auxiliary verb . Il n ’ a pas jou é . He didn’t play./He hasn’t played. Tu n ’ as pas fin i . You didn’t finish./You haven’t finished.
  • 7. Questions Est-ce que : (normal word order) Est-ce qu’il a jou é ? Did he play? Quand est-ce que tu as fin i ? When did you finish?
  • 8. Inversion : (invert auxiliary verb and subject, add -) Quand as -tu fin i ? When did you finish? A -t-il* jou é ? Did he play? * Add –t- when inverting il/elle/on form of avoir
  • 9. Negative inversion : (ne…pas goes around auxiliary verb and the subject) N ’ a -t-il pas jou é ? Didn’t he play? N ’ as -tu pas fin i ? Didn’t you finish?
  • 10. Remember… The passé composé has TWO verbs: auxiliary verb ( avoir ) and participe passé . The participe passé always comes after the auxiliary verb .