Notes on y

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Notes on y

  1. 1. Le pronom “ y ”
  2. 2. <ul><li>1. Replaces previously mentioned places introduced by a preposition (except “ de” ) </li></ul><ul><li>“y” can mean “to it/them, in it/ them, on it/them, there” </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Il va au cinéma ? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oui, il y va. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Vous êtes chez Pierre ? </li></ul><ul><li>Oui, j’ y suis. </li></ul><ul><li>Tu as dormi sur le lit ? </li></ul><ul><li>Oui, j’ y ai dormi. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>2. Replaces things with verbs using “à”. </li></ul><ul><li>Vous pensez aux vacances ? </li></ul><ul><li>Oui, nous y pensons. </li></ul><ul><li>Elle a répondu à la question ? </li></ul><ul><li>Non, elle n’ y a pas r é pondu. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Verbs which may take “ à” + thing: </li></ul><ul><li>penser, songer, faire attention, </li></ul><ul><li>répondre, croire, s’intéresser </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>3. “y” ALWAYS refers to places or things, NEVER people! </li></ul><ul><li>à + person(s )=replaced by lui/leur (indirect object – “la liste”) </li></ul><ul><li>Tu as parlé à Renée ? </li></ul><ul><li>Oui, je lui ai parlé. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>4. Position is the same as other object pronouns: BEFORE conjugated verb </li></ul><ul><li>Paris ? Nous y voyageons en mai. </li></ul><ul><li>Nous y sommes all és l’an passé </li></ul><ul><li>aussi. </li></ul><ul><li>EXCEPT before an infinitive </li></ul><ul><li>Nice ? Il va y passer deux semaines. </li></ul><ul><li>EXCEPT after a positive command </li></ul><ul><li>Travaillez- y </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Note: For liaison purposes, the final “s” is kept in the affirmative command of </li></ul><ul><li>-er verbs and aller when “y” is used. </li></ul><ul><li>Restes- y ! Vas- y ! </li></ul><ul><li>N’ y reste pas. N’ y va pas. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Note : “aller” cannot stand alone. Use “y” if a place is not mentioned. </li></ul><ul><li>Tu vas au caf é ? Oui, j’ y vais. (“Yes, I’m going.”) On y va ensemble? (“Are we going together?”) </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>5. There is no agreement in compound tenses. </li></ul><ul><li>Il est descendu à la réception ? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oui, il y est descendu. </li></ul></ul>

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