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Arabian Desert


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Arabian Desert

  1. 1. Arabian Desert
  2. 2. Location and Information <ul><li>Located on the Arabian Peninsula and the East Sahero-Arabian Xeric Shrublands. </li></ul><ul><li>It is the largest ecoregion of the Arabian Peninsula. </li></ul><ul><li>Stretches from the Yemeni border to the Arabian Gulf and from Oman to Jordan and Iraq. </li></ul><ul><li>This is a desert ecoregion and one of the most continuous bodies of sand in the world </li></ul>
  3. 3. Body Systems <ul><li>Integumentary System: </li></ul><ul><li>Sunburn: Causes immediate pain and discomfort </li></ul><ul><li>Respiratory system: </li></ul><ul><li>Dry air makes it hard to set a persistent breathing rate </li></ul><ul><li>Endocrine System: </li></ul><ul><li>Produces sweat. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Desert Facts <ul><li>86,000 sq. miles </li></ul><ul><li>It has an area of over 500,000 km2, which is (about the size of France). </li></ul><ul><li>Bordered by the Nile valley in the west </li></ul><ul><li>Bordered by the Red Sea and the Gulf of Suez in the east. </li></ul><ul><li>Most inhabitants are based around wells and springs. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Desert Survival <ul><li>Always look for water. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not dig for water during the day </li></ul><ul><li>Do not do sweat. </li></ul><ul><li>Pack a hat. </li></ul>
  6. 6. More Survival <ul><li>People receive 60% more solar radiation than animals do. </li></ul><ul><li>Wear a proper hat, so the head and body are protected </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t wear shorts and sleeveless shirts in the desert. </li></ul><ul><li>Sunglasses </li></ul><ul><li>Carry water </li></ul>
  7. 7. Physical Conditions <ul><li>There are consecutive rain-free months. </li></ul><ul><li>Rainfall is generally less than 35mm </li></ul><ul><li>Daily relative humidity is about 52% in January and 15% in June-July. </li></ul><ul><li>Temperatures to 470C in July and August and 120C in January and February. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Human Adaptations <ul><li>The desert-adapted person must compensate for water loss through sweating. </li></ul><ul><li>A thin but not tall body minimizes both water needs and water loss; </li></ul><ul><li>skin pigmentation is moderate </li></ul><ul><li>extreme pigmentation is good protection from the sun but allows absorption of heat from direct sunlight, which must be lost by sweating. </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptation to night cold, often part of a desert environment, provides increased metabolic activity to warm the body during sleep. </li></ul>