Causes of the RevolutionLearning Objectives1. Understand the history of autocraticrule in Russia between 1825 & 1917.2. Make a chart that identifies the manyfailures of Czarist rule in Russia.3. Create a visual that shows how therevolution was like a firecracker with avery long fuse.
History of Autocracy: Czar Has Total PowerBloody Sunday = Soldiers Fire on WorkersPolice Watch Schools, Prisoners Sent to SiberiaIndustrialization Makes Workers UnhappyCzar Censors Materials, Documents, LettersKarl Marx: Proletariat Overthrow/Rule CountryRusso-Japanese War = Losses and RevoltWorld War I = The Final BlowDon’t Question Czar, Worship, Speak ‘Wrong’Russian Revolution: The Firecracker With a Very Long Fuse – 1825 - 1917Causes of the Revolution
Can’t Question Authority Jews Became Target ofPogroms ‘Organized Violence’Only Speak Russian Raised Taxes to IndustrializeOnly Russian OrthodoxChurchBad Working Conditions, LowWages, Child LaborImposed Strict Censorships Workers Not Allowed toUnionizeSecret Police Watch Public Losses of Land / Life DuringRusso – Japanese WarSpies in Schools &UniversitiesBloody Sunday KillsProtesting Workers in 1905Political Prisoners Sent toSiberiaUnprepared and Embarrassedin World War I
Lenin & the Bolshevik RevolutionLearning Objectives1. Identify the differences between theBolsheviks and the Mensheviks.2. Create a chart outlining the evolutionof communist thought throughout therevolution.3. Design the front page of a newspapercovering the course and scope theRussian Revolution.
Kickoff Question: Lenin & the Bolshevik Revolution
Marxists Split Into Two GroupsReds Win, Lenin Afraid of Nationalism= USSRMarch Rev: No ‘Bread & Fuel’ Czar Steps DownGermany Brings Back Lenin to Stir UnrestBolsheviks: Small # of Committed RadicalsLenin Bolshevik ‘Reds’ = ‘Peace, Land, Bread’Red vs. White Civ. War for Power: 14 Mil DeadBolshevik Change to Communist-Stalin LeaderMensheviks: Moderate, Broad Support for Rev.A ‘Dictatorship of the Communist Party’, Not a ‘Dictatorship of the Proletariat’Lenin & the Bolshevik Revolution
Marx LeninHistory was the story of classstruggle.History was the story of classstruggle.The struggle Marx saw wasbetween capitalists and theproletariat (the workers).The struggle Lenin saw wascapitalists against theproletariat & the peasants.The proletariat’s numbers wouldbecome so great & theircondition so poor that aspontaneous revolution wouldoccur.The proletariat and the peasantswere not capable of leading arevolution and needed theguidance of professionalrevolutionaries.The revolution would end with a“dictatorship of the proletariat”-the communal ownership ofwealth.After the revolution, the stateneeded to be run by a singleparty with disciplined, centrallydirected administrators in orderto ensure its goals.
Connecting the Notes: Lenin & the Bolshevik Revolution
Exit Slip Question: Lenin & the Bolshevik Revolution
Stalin and Totalitarianism in RussiaLearning Objectives1. Describe how Stalin transformed the SovietUnion after Lenin’s death.2. Build a chart that shows all the ways Stalincontrolled the Soviet Union.3. Sketch a small illustration representingeach of the seven traits of totalitarianism.
Kickoff Question: Stalin and Totalitarianism in Russia
Main Idea: Stalin and Totalitarianism in Russia
Totalitarianism: Every Aspect Public/PrivateAgricultural Rev. = Large Collective Farms“Enemies of The State” Are to BlameGreat Purge: 1934-1938 – 13 Million DeadAlso Use Propaganda, Censorship, PersecutionCommand Economy: Gov Makes All $ DecisionsFive Year Industrialization Plan: Up To SpeedInd. Creativity = Threat to ConformityUse Police Terror, Indoctrination (Mold Minds)Stalin Builds, Transforms, and Controls the Soviet UnionStalin and Totalitarianism in Russia
Methods of Control ExamplePolice StatePropaganda &CensorshipEducation &IndoctrinationReligious Persecution
Methods of Control ExamplePolice State Use tanks, armored cars to stopriots. Monitor phones, read mail,arrests at night.Propaganda &CensorshipControlled all newspapers,movies, radio, and information.Glorified achievements ofcommunism.Education &IndoctrinationControlled all school frompreschool to college. Insistedthat youth support communism.Religious Persecution Replace religion with communistideals. Religion = superstition.
IdeologySets Goals of StateJustify Gov. ActionsState Control Indiv.Demand LoyaltyDeny Basic LibertiesDynamic LeaderUnites PeopleEncourages SupportDictator / 1 Party RuleExercises AbsoluteAuthorityMethod Of EnforcementPolice Terror, IndoctrinationCensorship, PersecutionModern TechnologyMass Communicationto Spread PropagandaState Control SocietyBiz, Labor, Housing,Religion, EducationPersonal
Exit Question: Stalin and Totalitarianism in Russia