The French Revolution BeginsLearning Outcomes1. Identify key factors that ultimately ledto the start of the French Revolution.2. Construct a three column visual thatshows the inequalities between the 1st, 2ndand 3rdEstates in France.3. Acting as a member of the 3rdEstate,write a short speech describing why thepolitical system in France must change.
France “Appeared” to be Great CountryPeasants Quote Enlightenment IdeasThree Estates= Three Social Classes1st-Church, 2nd-Nobles, 3rdEveryone Else3rdEstate Paid Very High TaxesTennis Court Oath - Storming BastilleEstates Gen. Leads to Nat. AssemblyLouis XVI, Marie Antoinette=More DebtBad Weather/Economy Force HungerThe Rise of the Third EstateThe French Revolution Begins
- Made up of clergy ofRoman Catholic Church.- Scorned EnlightenmentIdeas.- Less than 1% of totalpopulation.- Paid only 2% of incometo taxes.- Made up of rich nobles.- Held highest offices ingovernment.- Disagreed aboutEnlightenment ideas.- 2% of population.- Paid $0 Taxes- Included bourgeoisie,urban lower class, andpeasant farmers.- Had no power toinfluence government.- Embraced Enlightenmentideas.- Resented 1stand 2ndEstates.- 97% of population.- Paid ½ of their incometoward taxes.
Activity Directions:• Take on the role of a member of the Third Estate. Write ashort speech explaining why the French political system needsto change.• Use your notes and the chart on the previous slide for help.
Revolution Brings Reform and TerrorLearning Outcomes1. Summarize the power struggle that tookplace in France between the Radicals,Moderates, and Conservatives during theFrench Revolution.2. Make a 6 box flow chart which shows howMaximilian Robespierre controlled Franceby implementing a Reign of Terror.3. Design an ‘Animated Timeline ofRevolution in France’ by selecting 8 keyevents from the era. Sketch a simplevisual for each event.
Kickoff Question: Revolution Brings Reform and Terror
Main Idea: Revolution Brings Reform and Terror
Nat. Assembly & Nobles End 1st2ndEst.Factions During Rev: Rad, Mod, Con, Emigres, Sans-CulottesDeclaration of Rights of Man Like U.S. Declaration of Ind.Leg. Assembly Takes Land/Titles from Church to Pay Off DebtLegislative Assembly = Limited MonarchyRobes Killed, Mod’s Form 2 House Leg., Directory Brought OrderMax. Robespierre’s Reign of Terror: Protect Rev. Kill EnemiesFrance at War with European Countries Afraid of RevolutionRad’s (Jacobins) Win: Form Nat. Conv., Kill King, Men VoteRadicals, Moderates, Conservatives Fight for Control of FranceRevolution Brings Reform and Terror
Robespierre ledthe Committeeof Public Safety,which ledNationalConventionHe set up acourt systemwith himself asjudgeCitizens triedfor treasonGuillotinebecomes mainway ofexecutionsOthers arebeaten to death!40,000 Frenchpeoplebeheaded fortreasonHe even killedhis own friendsArrested forhaving toomuch powerTries to killhimself(survives)Robespierre wasbeheaded
Con’s, Mod’s, Rad’s, EmergeRad’s Kill King, Give Men Vote RightsLeg. Assem. = Limited MonarchyNat. Assem. Ends 1st& 2ndEstateDeclaration of Rights of ManRobes’ Reign of Terror Protects Rev.Robe’s Killed. Mod’s Take Over Land Taken from Church to Pay DebtsAssignment Directions: Below is a list of 8 events that took place during the French Revolution.On the back of this piece of paper, put the events in order by creating ananimated “Timeline of Revolution in France”. For each event on your timeline, draw a simple sketch explaining theevent. Be sure to add color to your sketches and your timeline!
Exit Slip: Revolution Brings Reform and Terror
Napoleon Forges an EmpireLearning Outcomes1. Describe Napoleon’s rise to power frommilitary leader to Emperor of France.2. Review the course of the FrenchRevolution thus far by making a politicalflow chart. Start with Louis XVI and endwith Napoleon.3. Make a simple T-Chart that assesses theearly achievements and failures ofNapoleon as the new Emperor of France.
5’3” Military Leader: Coup d’etat’ TakeoverNapoleon Crowns Self as EmperorPlebiscite (Vote) = Napoleon First ConsulResult: Good Econ, Rid Corruption, ChurchNapoleonic Code: Restrict Speech and Press1807-1812 Napoleon’s Empire Big & UnstableLoses Naval Battle of Trafalgar w/ BritainNapoleon Wants to Conquer EuropeGives up on the Americas=Louisiana PurchaseNapoleon Seizes Power & Makes Himself EmperorNapoleon Forges an Empire
AbsoluteMonarchConstitutionalMonarchyRobespierreDictator5 Men Ruled1795-1799“Elected”EmperorA Republic
Activity DirectionsMake a T-Chart listingall of the EarlyAchievements andFailures of Napoleonduring his time asemperor of France.Use your notes to helpyou make your chart.
Achievements FailuresSupported laws thatstrengthened centralgovernment and achievesome goals of the revolution.Fixed economy by creatingefficient tax collection andby establishing a nationalbank.Ended corruption bygetting rid of corruptgovernment officials.Restricted freedom ofspeech and press.Puts crown on his ownhead signifying he wasgreater than the church.Gives up on the Americasand sells it to U.S. to spiteBritain.Loses battle of Trafalgaragainst Britain.
Napoleon’s Empire CollapsesLearning Outcomes1. Outline the three major mistakes thatNapoleon made that eventually led to thefall of his Empire.2. Construct a problem / solution chart thatidentifies how the Congress of Viennarestored order after the FrenchRevolution.3. Write an editorial on the pro’s and con’s ofthe Congress of Vienna and it’s impact onpolitics in Europe.
Napoleon Makes 3 Major MistakesRussia’s Scorched-Earth PolicyContinental System-Trade Blockade of BritainPeninsular War-Attack Through Spain 300,000Napoleon’s Invasion of Russia-Failed AllianceNapoleon Loses at Waterloo: Banned St. HelenaNapoleon Comes Back: 100 Days of PowerEurope At War With Napoleon: Banned to ElbaNapoleon’s Army Falls During Russian WinterNapoleon Bites Off More than He Can ChewNapoleon’s Empire Collapses
Congress of Vienna: Problem / Solution ChartProblem SolutionWanted to make sure France wouldnot have another revolution.Some countries are weak andsusceptible to takeover from strongcountries.France was very weak after theFrench revolution.Kings and Queens were dethronedduring Napoleon’s revolution.New Conservative Kings wereworried that they would beoverthrown.
Congress of Vienna: Problem / Solution ChartProblem SolutionWanted to make sure France wouldnot have another revolution.Containment of France: SurroundFrance with strong countriesSome countries are weak andsusceptible to takeover from strongcountries.Make all countries equal so thatstronger countries would not attackweaker ones.France was very weak after theFrench revolution.Don’t make France pay a heavy priceafter revolution so they can rebuild.Kings and Queens were dethronedduring Napoleon’s revolution.Restore Europe’s royal families to thethrones they had before Napoleon.New Conservative Kings wereworried that they would beoverthrown.Make a Holy Alliance called Concertof Europe in which nations withKings would help out other nations ifin trouble.
Activity DirectionsWrite an editorial(opinion newspaperarticle) on the pro’s andcon’s of the Congress ofVienna and its impacton politics in Europe.Use your Problem /Solution notes that wetook in class.