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# 2 Renaissance and Reformation


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# 2 Renaissance and Reformation

  1. 1. European RenaissanceLearning Outcomes1. Identify the factors that made Italy the idealbirth place of the Renaissance.2. Discuss how the Renaissance ultimately ledto a societal shift from community andreligion, to a new focus on the individualand the here and now.3. Examine a portrait and complete a short-write expressing the point of view of boththe artist and the subject.
  2. 2. Kickoff Question: European RenaissanceDescribe what you see in the portrait.What is the subject of the portrait wearing?What does his clothing tell us about him?Where is the subject situated? Home? Restaurant?What time of day is it? How can you tell?How much space does the subject take up?How much depth is shown in the picture?How do you think the subject of this portrait feels?Can you describe his personality by looking at him?Do you think the artist knew the subject?Why do you think the artist painted this portrait?What message did the artist want to portray?
  3. 3. Kickoff Question: European Renaissance In regard to this painting, I am always asked, "Who is this man?"To answer this question I invoke the viewers creativity as well ashis intellect. Note the cuisine. What is this man eating? Theanswer is beans and bread, pigs feet and wine. I ask you, whowould willingly eat such a meal? A starving peasant, perhaps? Oran elegant connoisseur who enjoys a variety of dishes? Note thesetting. Giacomo may be feasting in a royal kitchen consideringthe elegant robe in the background, the marvelous glass gobletand fine silver being used. His garments also indicate a personwith some sense of culture. On the other hand, this dimly lit scene suggests the meal to be asecret activity. Or the place may be a simple house incapable ofproper lighting. The truth is that I wish the subject to remainanonymous. Viewers should, on their own, ask themselves thesequestions, notice the details and arrive at an opinion as to whothey think this person is. At times, life is much more interestingwhen the answers remain mysteries.
  4. 4. Kickoff Question: European Renaissance• "I was hungry and you gave me food, thirsty and you gave me drink." So ourLord will speak to those who pass on to the next life. I can only say, "Thank you,dear sir, for giving me this meal! Even though I have no stately bearing, noofficial claim to aristocracy, you still took me in and gave me this delicious food.“• But now as I eat, I find that, in addition to feeling grateful, a small feeling ofunease. You seem to be studying me as if I am the subject of a classroom lecture.Why do you stare at me so? Am I not using proper manners? Is there a piece offood stuck to my lips? Maybe I can strike up a conversation to ease the tension:• "Tell me, good sir, what is it that you do for a living? Oh, you are an artist! Apainter. I have always wished I had such an elegant talent. But it must bedifficult to earn a living as a painter, no? Yes, I understand that its difficult toearn a living in any occupation. May I be so bold as to ask to see one of yourpaintings? Later? Yes, of course. I should finish eating first.“• Oh no, not another uncomfortable silence. Once again he is studying me. I amafraid I may be put into one of his paintings. Maybe he will use my face as theface of St. John the Baptist, or St. Luke, or even an angel. Wont my father beproud to see my face in a painting! I cant wait to tell him! But first I must chokedown these hooves... I really shouldnt have eaten all the beans first.
  5. 5. Main Idea: The European Renaissance
  6. 6. Plague and WarExtra Money Led to LuxuriesItalian Renaissance = ‘Rebirth’Why Italy?: Urban, Rich, ClassicsNew Humanism- Potential & PastJohann Gutenberg: Printing PressMachiavelli The Prince: Lie to LeadRenaissance Man: Jack of All TradeSecular: Worldly Here and NowFrom Community and Religion to The Individual, Here and NowEuropean Renaissance: Out of the Dark and into the Light
  7. 7. Connecting the Notes: European Renaissance
  8. 8. Exit Slip: The European Renaissance
  9. 9. Activity Directions:
  10. 10. The Protestant ReformationLearning Outcomes1. Identify how Marin Luther’s protest overabuses in the Catholic Church led to thefounding of Protestant Churches.2. Outline the social, political, economic andreligious causes of the ProtestantReformation.3. Using class notes, create a six sceneanimated storybook about the course of theProtestant Reformation.
  11. 11. Kickoff Question: The Protestant Reformation
  12. 12. Main Idea: The Protestant Reformation
  13. 13. Corrupt Popes Spend MoneyPope and Emperor Ban LutherBuy Indulgences = Free From SinsLuther ‘95 Theses’ Nailed to DoorFaith Alone…Not “Good Works”Cath. Church Unified / EducatesProt. Church Takes New FormsHenry 8: Eng. Prot. Over DivorceLuther Creates Protestant ReligionMartin Luther Challenges the Pope and CatholicismThe Protestant Reformation: Changing the Church
  14. 14. TheRenaissancevalues ofhumanismandsecularismled people toquestion theChurch.The PrintingPress helpedto spreadideas criticalof theChurch.Powerfulmonarchschallengedthe Church asthe supremepower inEurope.Many leadersviewed thepope as aforeign rulerandchallengedhis authority.Europeanprinces andkings werejealous of theChurch’swealth.Merchantsand othersresentedhaving to paytaxes to theChurch.Some Churchleaders hadbecomeworldly andcorrupt.Many peoplefound Churchpracticessuch as thesale ofindulgencesunacceptable.
  15. 15. Connecting the Notes: The Protestant Reformation
  16. 16. Exit Slip Question: The Protestant Reformation