Ema McDaniel
   Present                                      Hace +___+ gusta   Stem Changes                                 Ser vs...
• -ar     -er     -ir                    o        o         o                    as                 es                  ...
•   “e” se convierte a “ie”•   “e” se convierte a “i”•   “o” se convierte a “ue”•   “u” se convierte a “ue”*Ojo!=No se cam...
Ir     Ser    VerIba    Era    VeiaIbas   Eras   VeiasIba    Era    VeiaIbamos Eramos VeiamosIban   Eran   Veiran
• Saber                                • Conocer   – To know                             – To know   – facts              ...
Los Reflexivosse     nos           Reflexives are                     what are                teme                     ref...
“Se Impersonal” Passive voice           Reciprocal action   Se habla espanol        “each other”                      ...
Dipthongs • Used when a weak vowel (i, y or u) and a strong   vowel (a, e or o) or two weak vowels come   together to form...
Verbs like gustar                         -uir/guir, cer/cir, ger/gir• Found in the present tense.vowel + cer/cir verbs = ...
Hace + time + gusta+ presentShows the amount of time that an actiontook•Hacer + the amount of time needed tocomplete the a...
Soy              Ser vs. Estar           EstoyEres                                     EstasEs                            ...
Imperfecto• -ar                      • yo- ia  – Yo- aba                Tu- ias  – Tu- abas                              ...
Ir                  Seriba ibamos          era    eramosibas                erasIba iban                    era    eran   ...
PreteriteUsed for completed past actions• Known beginning and/or end• “snapshot” of time   -ar endings             -er and...
Snake                                                Trigger words:E to I                                          Ayer   ...
Comparatives and superlativesExpress comparisons anddifferencesmenos        adj        que                          El/la ...
El futuro                                       Trigger•   Infinitive + e, as, a , emos, an   words!•   The “will factor” ...
Infinitive:                                             e                Irregular future             as                  ...
•Por vs. Para•Double object pronouns•Adverbs•Subjunctive•Se Impersonal•Progressive with ir, andar, and seguir
Por vs. Para• Por-                                      – Exact time- replace por for de.   – use to indicate motion or ge...
Por vs. Para• Para-                                   For whom something is done-surprise   – Expresses destination (towar...
Double object pronouns• Either placed directly before the  conjugated verb or attached to an  infinitive, gerund or comman...
Adverbs                            Common adverbs!• Describe or modify        Bastante  verbs, adjectives or              ...
Subjunctive                               Expresses                               everything exceptWedding-               ...
Se impersonalPeople in generalPlace se infront of the verbEx: Se dice “gelato”Ex: Como se escribe “helado”?Plural imperson...
Progressives with ir, andar,                 seguir                                        Andar              Seguir (e>i)...
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Spanish grammar book 2

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Spanish grammar book 2

  1. 1. Ema McDaniel
  2. 2.  Present  Hace +___+ gusta Stem Changes  Ser vs. estar Irregular “yo”  Imperfecto Saber vs. Conocer  Irregulars Reflexive  Triggers “se” Impersonals  Preterite Dipthongs with accents  Irregulars Verbs like… -uir/guir, cer/cir, ger/gir  Car/gar/zar, cucaracha, snake y snakey, spock  triggers  Comparatives/ superlatives  Future  Irregulars  triggers
  3. 3. • -ar  -er  -ir o o o as es es a eLos verbos emos eregulares en el imos ais emospresente: is an eis en en
  4. 4. • “e” se convierte a “ie”• “e” se convierte a “i”• “o” se convierte a “ue”• “u” se convierte a “ue”*Ojo!=No se cambian en el nosotros ni vosotros sol amente en “la bota”
  5. 5. Ir Ser VerIba Era VeiaIbas Eras VeiasIba Era VeiaIbamos Eramos VeiamosIban Eran Veiran
  6. 6. • Saber • Conocer – To know – To know – facts – people Ex: Juan sabe donde esta Maria. Ex: Yo no conozco a Maria Juan knows where Maria is. I don’t know Maria Ex: Yo no se tu numero de telefono. Ex: Alberto y Alfredo conocen Madrid I don’t know you telephone number Alberto and Alfredo know Madrid
  7. 7. Los Reflexivosse nos Reflexives are what are teme reflected upon os oneself or se others.
  8. 8. “Se Impersonal” Passive voice  Reciprocal action Se habla espanol “each other” Nos vemosCommon ImpersonalExpressions:-conviene que…-es bueno que…-es facil que…Es importante que…
  9. 9. Dipthongs • Used when a weak vowel (i, y or u) and a strong vowel (a, e or o) or two weak vowels come together to form one syllable. Ex: esquiar- to ski Yo- esquio Nos- esquiamos Tu- esquias Vos- esquiais* Estudiar andlimpiar- There is El, ella, usd- esquia Ellos-no accent stress esquianon the “i”.
  10. 10. Verbs like gustar -uir/guir, cer/cir, ger/gir• Found in the present tense.vowel + cer/cir verbs = c to zc WouldGer/gir verbs: g to j Should Couldguir: gu to g
  11. 11. Hace + time + gusta+ presentShows the amount of time that an actiontook•Hacer + the amount of time needed tocomplete the action +que + the presentverb that is being completed at the time
  12. 12. Soy Ser vs. Estar EstoyEres EstasEs EstaSomos EstamosSois Estaisson Estan DOCTER PED HELPING Descriptions, Health, origin, emotion, characteristics, location, time, present occupation, condition, relationships, -ing possession, events, dates
  13. 13. Imperfecto• -ar • yo- ia – Yo- aba Tu- ias – Tu- abas •El, ella, ud- ia – El, ella, ud.-aba – Nosotros- abamos Nosotros- iamos – Uds.- aban Uds- ian Triggers!! Siempre A menudo *uncompleted action, no definite beginning or end, descriptive tense- Cadadia who, what, where, and when Todos los dias
  14. 14. Ir Seriba ibamos era eramosibas erasIba iban era eran Ver veia vieamos veias veia vian
  15. 15. PreteriteUsed for completed past actions• Known beginning and/or end• “snapshot” of time -ar endings -er and –ir endings e i aste iste o imos amos isteis asteis ieron aron
  16. 16. Snake Trigger words:E to I Ayer Ex: pedir, venir Types AnocheO to u Anteayer Snakey Ex: morir La semana pasado O to y Ex: oir E to y Dar/ver Ir/ser Ex: creer d/vi Fui d/viste FuisteAndar-anduv Car- -> que d/io FueEstar-estuv Gar -> que Hacer d/imos FuermosPoder-pud Hice d/ieron FueronPoner-pus Zar -> ce HicisteWuerer-quis HizoSaber-sup HicimosTener-tuv HicieronVener-vin
  17. 17. Comparatives and superlativesExpress comparisons anddifferencesmenos adj que El/la mas adj de mas adj que Bueno/a->mejor El menos adj de Grande->mayor Joven->menor Viejo/a->mayor
  18. 18. El futuro Trigger• Infinitive + e, as, a , emos, an words!• The “will factor” La semana• Vivir_____ =yo vivire Proxima• comer____ Ano• Hablar___ Pasado ano• Immediate future Manana• Ir+a+infinitive• Ex:Voy a salir
  19. 19. Infinitive: e Irregular future as a• Decir dir- to say emos an• Haber habr- there to be, to have• Hacer har- to make, do• Poder podr- to put, place, set• Querer querr- to want, love• Saber sabr- to leave, go out• Tener tendr- to have• Valer valdr- to be worth• Venir vendr- to come
  20. 20. •Por vs. Para•Double object pronouns•Adverbs•Subjunctive•Se Impersonal•Progressive with ir, andar, and seguir
  21. 21. Por vs. Para• Por- – Exact time- replace por for de. – use to indicate motion or general Durante for time location. (around, through, along, or by) Idea of passing through- portal – Duration of action (for, during, in) General location- portugal – Reason or motive for an action. How long something lasts-”por”ever (because of, on account of, on Case of something- poprpus behalf of) An exchange-import/export – The object of a search. (for, in search of) Doing something in place of or instead of someone else- im por, – Means by which something is done pay for me (by, by way of, by means of) Means of transportation- – Exchange or substitution (in transportation exchange for) – Units of measure (per, by) – Por aqui, por ejemplo, por eso, por fin
  22. 22. Por vs. Para• Para- For whom something is done-surprise – Expresses destination (toward, in paratay the direction of) A destination- Parangari…(more – Deadline or a specific time in the specific) future (by, for) The purpose for which something is – Purpose or goal + infinitive (in done order to) To express an opinion- – Purpose + noun (for, used for) paragotive/paradoname – Recipient of something (for) To contrast or compare- comparason – Comparison with others or an To express the idea of a deadline- opinion (for, considering) paramedic – In the employ of (for) Ex: – Camine por el parque (through) – Camine para el parque (to/toward)
  23. 23. Double object pronouns• Either placed directly before the conjugated verb or attached to an infinitive, gerund or command.• When there is both a direct object and indirect object in the same sentence, the indirect always comes first.• Ex: Se lo di a ella• Ex: Se los regalaremos
  24. 24. Adverbs Common adverbs!• Describe or modify Bastante verbs, adjectives or Demasiado other adverbs.• Add –mente to the the Mal end Mucho Muy• Ex: claro  clara  Nunca claramente Peor• Ex: dificil  dificil  Poco dificilmente siempre
  25. 25. Subjunctive Expresses everything exceptWedding- certainty and objectivityW-wish, wantE-emotion Ex: Yo dudo queD-doubt (no creer, no pensar) diciembre. Peru usted vaya al enD-denial Common clauses A menos que…I-impersonal expression Antes que…N-negation, non existing Despues que…G-god (ojala), guess Es bueno que… Es dicicil que… Es facil que…
  26. 26. Se impersonalPeople in generalPlace se infront of the verbEx: Se dice “gelato”Ex: Como se escribe “helado”?Plural impersonal doesn’t use seEx: Dicen que la pizza vegetariana es saludosa.
  27. 27. Progressives with ir, andar, seguir Andar Seguir (e>i) Ir • Ando/iendo/yendo • Ando/iendo/vendo • Ando/iendo/yendo • Is slowly but surely • Is going around • Is still _____ing _____ing ______ing1. Ir + present participle = is slowly but surely ____ing2. Andar + present participle = is going around ____ing3. Seguir + present participle = is still _____ing EX: Jamie anda buscando trabajo.

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