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ILKR 2017: No Internet of Things / Industry 4.0 without Semantics

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Industry 4.0 and Internet of Things is all about connecting systems. Hardware is plugged together by relying on standardized layers and networks. But what we really want is that these devices speak to each other; they interoperate. This requires a mutual understanding of what they actually do, like “I measure temperature. What do you measure?” The answer is in the semantic of the devices’ metadata: often textual, multilingual.
Without such semantic interoperability devices will not be able to speak to each. If human intervention is necessary the IoT with billions of devices will remain a nice buzzword for a great vision.

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ILKR 2017: No Internet of Things / Industry 4.0 without Semantics

  1. 1. @coreonapp @wetzelmichael michael@coreon.com ILKR 2017, Vienna Michael Wetzel, Managing Director Coreon GmbH Multilingual Knowledge Systems: No Industry 4.0 without Cross-Border Semantics
  2. 2. 23-06-2017 MKS: No Industry 4.0 without Cross-Border Semantics @wetzelmichael Agenda The Internet of Things will Thrive on Semantics MKS: Semantics for the Internet of Things Leverage Terminologies, Taxonomies and Ontologies New Business Opportunities for Linguists and Service Providers
  3. 3. 23-06-2017 MKS: No Industry 4.0 without Cross-Border Semantics @wetzelmichael Interoperability Challenges Hit us Every Day 3
  4. 4. 23-06-2017 MKS: No Industry 4.0 without Cross-Border Semantics @wetzelmichael Industry 4.0 Means: Connecting Devices 4 Siemens CTO Siegfried Russwurm “One day all devices of the world will communicate with each other. Question arises: What do they say to each other?” “Industry 4.0 needs foremost semantics. Only with unified semantics the interfaces and breaking points are catered for.”
  5. 5. 23-06-2017 MKS: No Industry 4.0 without Cross-Border Semantics @wetzelmichael What if not? Unclear Meanings Lead to Failures “unknown value” “could not process parameter” “one or more arguments are invalid” “could not process result” “unexpected input value” 5
  6. 6. 23-06-2017 MKS: No Industry 4.0 without Cross-Border Semantics @wetzelmichael Not a Translation Exercise, but a Mapping Challenge 6
  7. 7. 23-06-2017 MKS: No Industry 4.0 without Cross-Border Semantics @wetzelmichael Not a Translation Exercise, but a Mapping Challenge 7 RAL 5000 Violet blue RAL 5001 Green blue RAL 5002 Ultramarine blue RAL 5003 Sapphire blue RAL 5004 Black blue RAL 5005 Signal blue RAL 5007 Brilliant blue RAL 5008 Grey blue RAL 5009 Azure blue RAL 5010 Gentian blue RAL 5011 Steel blue RAL 5012 Light blue RAL 5013 Cobalt blue RAL 5014 Pigeon blue RAL 5015 Sky blue RAL 5017 Traffic blue RAL 5018 Turquoise blue RAL 5019 Capri blue RAL 5020 Ocean blue RAL 5021 Water blue RAL 5022 Night blue RAL 5023 Distant blue RAL 5024 Pastel blue RAL 5025 Pearl Gentian blue RAL 5026 Pearl night blue MW 01 “Light blue” MW 02 “Blue” MW 03 “Dark Blue” Presenter’s color scheme RAL color scheme = ? = ? = ?
  8. 8. 23-06-2017 MKS: No Industry 4.0 without Cross-Border Semantics @wetzelmichael Find the Semantically Nearest Data Point: Generalisation, Abstraction via Concept Systems 8
  9. 9. 23-06-2017 MKS: No Industry 4.0 without Cross-Border Semantics @wetzelmichael Human Language Plays a Big Role 9 A sensor recording images … … and an image’s EXIF meta data © Bird Home Automation GmbH
  10. 10. 23-06-2017 MKS: No Industry 4.0 without Cross-Border Semantics @wetzelmichael Agenda The Internet of Things will Thrive on Semantics MKS: Semantics for the Internet of Things Leverage Terminologies, Taxonomies and Ontologies New Business Opportunities for Linguists and Service Providers
  11. 11. 23-06-2017 MKS: No Industry 4.0 without Cross-Border Semantics @wetzelmichael Termbases, Glossaries • Control language • Focus on translation • Lack knowledge modelling • Only searching, no exploring Taxonomies, Thesauri • For knowledge structuring • Lack multilingualism • Lack language control Before MKS: Taxonomies for Semantics, Terminologies for Language 11 Huge, unaddressed potential for cross-lingual data analysis, enterprise search, e-discovery and to facilitate interoperability would boost with data would add structure … … light blue hellblau steel blue stahlblau … … Colors Blue Steel blue …
  12. 12. 23-06-2017 MKS: No Industry 4.0 without Cross-Border Semantics @wetzelmichael Multilingual Knowledge Systems 12  Fusion of knowledge graph with multilingual terminology  Structures knowledge
  13. 13. 23-06-2017 MKS: No Industry 4.0 without Cross-Border Semantics @wetzelmichael Multilingual Knowledge Systems 13  Fusion of knowledge graph with multilingual terminology  Structures knowledge  Captures all words in all registers in all languages
  14. 14. 23-06-2017 MKS: No Industry 4.0 without Cross-Border Semantics @wetzelmichael From Language to Knowledge by Introducing Semantic Structure ... ... … … … … … … ... ... Yesterday List of terms Today Visualised Multilingual Concept Map Schule school Oberschule secondary school Realschule intermediate school Gymnasium grammar school Grundschule elementary school Schule school Oberschule secondary school Gymnasium grammar school Realschule intermediate school Grundschule elementary school
  15. 15. 23-06-2017 MKS: No Industry 4.0 without Cross-Border Semantics @wetzelmichael Terms, Concepts, & Relations in One View 15 Immediate broader / narrower neighborhood Concept meta data Terms, synonyms in all languages Extensive term descriptors Knowledge Graph Alphabetic, multilingual list of terms and labels
  16. 16. 23-06-2017 MKS: No Industry 4.0 without Cross-Border Semantics @wetzelmichael Agenda The Internet of Things will Thrive on Semantics MKS: Semantics for the Internet of Things Leverage Terminologies, Taxonomies and Ontologies New Business Opportunities for Linguists and Service Providers
  17. 17. 23-06-2017 MKS: No Industry 4.0 without Cross-Border Semantics @wetzelmichael Starting Fast is Possible: Look for Resources, Repurpose Them 18
  18. 18. 23-06-2017 MKS: No Industry 4.0 without Cross-Border Semantics @wetzelmichael Often a Simple Knowledge Map is already Sufficient 19  The capability to fallback, to generalize is key for a device to process another device’s input  Often just simple broader- narrower relations already do the job  “We do not require perfect platforms, but universal ones” (S. Russwurm, Siemens)
  19. 19. 23-06-2017 MKS: No Industry 4.0 without Cross-Border Semantics @wetzelmichael Agenda The Internet of Things will Thrive on Semantics MKS: Semantics for the Internet of Things Leverage Terminologies, Taxonomies and Ontologies New Business Opportunities for Linguists and Service Providers
  20. 20. 23-06-2017 MKS: No Industry 4.0 without Cross-Border Semantics @wetzelmichael Linguists and LSPs Gain Importance  Familiar with the required skills and methods  Benefit from years of experience when dealing with synonymy, variants  Trained in conceptualizing the worlds  Opportunity to move from documentation into product engineering  Contribute to a company’s top line figures  Ideal starting point: Often already own and maintain large multilingual resources 23 RAL 5002 = #2B2C7C = “ultramarine blue” = “Ultramarinblau” = “bleu outremer” = ‘is-a ‘blue’ ‘ = ‘is-instance-of ‘Color’ ‘
  21. 21. 24 Deployed by Global Manufacturers Work in proper context Structure concepts in a knowledge graph Illustrate and highlight  Flexible and descriptive strength  Partitive as well as associative relations
  22. 22. Implemented by Language Service Providers  Model customer knowledge  Provide multilingual information infrastructures  Deliver higher value services
  23. 23. 23-06-2017 MKS: No Industry 4.0 without Cross-Border Semantics @wetzelmichael Enterprise Search Social Media Analysis Document Classificat- ion Inter- operability Staff Training Globaliza- tion Apply not only in IoT but many Diverse Business Processes
  24. 24. 23-06-2017 MKS: No Industry 4.0 without Cross-Border Semantics @wetzelmichael 27 To Mediate … between Systems, Organizations, Cultures © 2017 TermSchool
  25. 25. 23-06-2017 MKS: No Industry 4.0 without Cross-Border Semantics @wetzelmichael 28 Summary The Internet of Things will thrive on semantics MKS is the adaptor: indispensable for efficient and effective global IoT Linguists and service providers enjoy new business opportunities
  26. 26. Michael Wetzel m michael@coreon.com c +49 173 357 58 68 s mlwetzel t @wetzelmichael l Berlin-Mitte 29

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