Polish educational system


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Polish educational system

  2. 2. EDUCATION <ul><li>The present educational system in Poland was introduced in 1998/1999. </li></ul><ul><li>Many changes have been implemented over several years concerning administration, financing, inspection, supervision, guidance, teachers rights and duties. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Educational system in Poland <ul><li>Education is now compulsory from 7 till 18 but there are some non school alternatives from 16, including apprenticeships. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Pre-school education <ul><li>According to the new Educational Act of 2002, pre-school education is treated as the first level of the education system and is compulsory for children of six years old. </li></ul><ul><li>This education stimulates the general development and gives the primary reading skill and basic mathematics. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Elementary school education <ul><li>Pupils of 7-12 attend elementary school, which is compulsory. </li></ul><ul><li>Primary education is divided into two cycles: </li></ul><ul><li>the first cycle (grades 1-3) at which beginning learning is offered, </li></ul><ul><li>the second cycle (grades 4-6) at which systematic learning is provided. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Elementary school education <ul><li>Primary schools operate on the basic of general educational plan which determinies the minimum weekly number of lesson periods of particular subjects. </li></ul><ul><li>The main components taught at the lower level of the primary school are: </li></ul><ul><li>Polish language, </li></ul><ul><li>social and natural environment, </li></ul><ul><li>mathematics, </li></ul><ul><li>crafts and technology, </li></ul><ul><li>art and music, </li></ul><ul><li>physical education. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Elementary school education <ul><li>In the lower grades one teacher teaches all subjects, while in the higher grades each subject has a different teacher and usually pupils change classroom for each subject. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Secondary education <ul><li>After completing elementary school pupils can choose different secondary education, which is free of charge. </li></ul><ul><li>General secondary schools provide graduation certificate of general education. Those who have passed the final examination called „ matura ” (maturity exam) may apply to universities. </li></ul><ul><li>Those who do not want </li></ul><ul><li>to study at university and </li></ul><ul><li>those who have not taken </li></ul><ul><li>the „matura” examination </li></ul><ul><li>may continue their education </li></ul><ul><li>in post-secondary vocational </li></ul><ul><li>schools. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Vocational education <ul><li>Secondary schools of vocational education prepare qualified workers and others with equivalent qualification. They also provide general secondary education. The purpose of these schools is to meet the demand for qualified workers, and they also provide young people with the opportuninty of acquiring secondary education and taking the ‘matura’ examination. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Post-secondary education <ul><li>Students can choose post-secondary education. They are trained as nurses, accountants, administrative personnel for enterprises and hotels, computer specialists, librarians. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Higher education <ul><li>After secondary school students can take higher education. </li></ul><ul><li>There are various types of higher education institutions in Poland: </li></ul><ul><li>universities, </li></ul><ul><li>polytechnics, </li></ul><ul><li>economic academies, </li></ul><ul><li>agricultural academies, </li></ul><ul><li>others. </li></ul><ul><li>Day studies in state higher schools are free of charge. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Public and non-public schools <ul><li>Pursuant to the Act on School Educaton in force, primary schools, gymnasiums and post-gymnasium schools may all be public or non-public. </li></ul><ul><li>Non-public schools are established and administered by legal or natural persons, and public schools by public administration and local government agencies. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Public and non-public schools <ul><li>A public school is an establishment which : </li></ul><ul><li>provides free education within framework timetables, </li></ul><ul><li>recruits pupils on the basis of the general access principle, </li></ul><ul><li>employs teachers holding qualifications which are defined in seperate legislation, </li></ul><ul><li>implements: </li></ul><ul><li>curricula which are based on the core curriculum for general education and, in the case of vocational schools, also the core curriculum for training for a given occupation or a given branch of vocational education, </li></ul>
  14. 14. Public and non-public schools <ul><li>a framework timetable, </li></ul><ul><li>complies with the rules for pupil assesment, grading and progression, and for setting examinations and tests as laid down by the minister responsible for school education and education, </li></ul><ul><li>offers the possibility of obtaining state certificates and diplomas. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Structure of educational system in Poland Pre-school education Elementary school Age: 7-12 Gymnasium Age: 13-15 years Post secondary schools
  16. 16. Post-secondary education <ul><li>3-year specialised high school, </li></ul><ul><li>3-year general high school, </li></ul><ul><li>4-year technical secondary schools, </li></ul><ul><li>2-3-year vocational schools, </li></ul><ul><li>2-year supplementary schools, </li></ul><ul><li>3-year supplementary technical secondary schools, </li></ul>
  17. 17. MINISTRY OF NATIONAL EDUCATION (elaborating educational policies at the national level, coordination other governing bodies, controlling higher education institutions supervised by this Ministry) EDUCATION OFFICER (educational supervision) LOCAL GOVERNMENT (administration and financial supervision ) SCHOOLS
  18. 18. Financing of public schools National government (Ministry of Finances) Local government (Municipalities, Poviat, Voivodship) Schools
  19. 19. Sources of school financing ( on the example of Morawica Commune) in the years 2002-2007
  20. 20. EXPENDITURES Morawica Commune example in the years 2002-2006
  21. 21. Expenditures on education Morawica Commune 2007
  22. 22. Organization in the school year 2007/2008 <ul><li>Complex of schools in Morawica </li></ul><ul><li>(kindergarten, elementary school, gymnasium, specialised high school ) </li></ul><ul><li>4 complex of schools consisting of elementary school and gymnasium </li></ul><ul><li>elementary school (grades 0 - 6) </li></ul><ul><li>Total number of students: 1.893 </li></ul><ul><li>Additionally 5 so called „Small Schools” </li></ul><ul><li>two with structure of grades: 0 – 6 </li></ul><ul><li>three with structure of grades: 0 – 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Total number of students: 199 </li></ul><ul><li>OVERALL: 2.092 </li></ul>
  23. 23. Schools in the school year 2006/2007 60 55,76 789 School in Morawica ; including : 7 7,05 143( 52 ) kindergarten 24 21,72 293 elementary school 9 6,11 73 high school 18 18,88 280 gymnasium 10 10 109 gymnasium 14 13,11 149 (+18) elementary school 26 25,11 276 School in Brzeziny ; including : 13 12,05 179 gymnasium 20 15,83 240 (+36) elementary 37 31,88 455 School in Bilcza ; including : people positions Employment Number of students Nazwa szkoły
  24. 24. 21 Elementary School in Chmielowice 12 10,5 96 (7) Elementary School in Wola Morawicka 19 Elementary School in Radomice So called „SMALL SCHOOLS” 65 Elementary School in Lisów 19 Elementary School in Nida 16 15,77 179 (21) Elementary School in Dębska Wola 12 10,38 127 gymnasium 1 3,55 54 (+16) elementary schol 14 14,93 197 School in Obice: ; including: people positions Employment Number of students Type of school
  25. 25. Elementary and secondary schools Elementary School in Dębskia Wola Public elementary school in Chmielowice Bilcza’s school Kindergarten in Morawica
  26. 26. <ul><li>Anna Kowalska </li></ul><ul><li>Town Hall </li></ul><ul><li>ul. Kielecka 38 </li></ul><ul><li>26-026 Morawica </li></ul><ul><li>tel. +48 41 3014049 </li></ul><ul><li>fax +4841 3114690 </li></ul><ul><li>e-mail: [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>www.morawica.pl </li></ul>Thank you for your attention 