Gerunds or infinitive iiº ppt

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Gerunds or infinitive iiº ppt

  1. 1. GERUNDS OR INFINITIVE BY M. LUISA GUZMÁN
  2. 2. <ul><li>VERBS WITH ING / VERBS WITH </li></ul><ul><li>INFINITIVE. </li></ul><ul><li>We often want to use one verb after another verb. After some verbs (for example, enjoy) the second verb is in the </li></ul><ul><li>ing form . But after other verbs (for </li></ul><ul><li>example, decide) the second verb is in the form of to + infinitive . </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: </li></ul><ul><li>I really enjoy going to the cinema. </li></ul><ul><li>I decided to go to the cinema yesterday. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Verbs with -ing. </li></ul><ul><li>Many verbs are usually followed by a </li></ul><ul><li>noun. </li></ul><ul><li>If we want to follow it with a verb, we make the verb into a noun using the ing form. (this is called a gerund) </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: </li></ul><ul><li>I love food I love eating . </li></ul><ul><li>I hate football I hate watching football. </li></ul><ul><li>I’ve finished the letter I’ve finished writing the letter. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Here is a list of some verbs that are </li></ul><ul><li>followed by a noun or the ing form: </li></ul><ul><li>Can’t stand. Prefer. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t mind. Love. </li></ul><ul><li>Enjoy. Like. </li></ul><ul><li>Hate. </li></ul><ul><li>I can’t stand listening to rap music. </li></ul><ul><li>I don’t mind doing housework. </li></ul><ul><li>He enjoys shopping. </li></ul>
  5. 5. List of verbs followed by -ing form Verbs Followed by a Gerund “ They enjoyed working on the boat”. admit advise appreciate avoid can't help complete consider delay deny detest dislike enjoy escape excuse finish forbid get through have imagine mind miss permit postpone practice quit recall report resent resist resume risk spend (time) suggest tolerate waste (time)
  6. 6. <ul><li>VERBS WITH INFINITIVE </li></ul><ul><li>Many other verbs in English are </li></ul><ul><li>followed by another verb in the form of </li></ul><ul><li>to + infinitive . Here is a list of some of these verbs. </li></ul><ul><li>Agree Ask Decide Forget </li></ul><ul><li>Hope Learn Offer Seem Promise Refuse Want </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: </li></ul><ul><li>I agreed to help my brother with his job. </li></ul><ul><li>We forgot to go to the supermarket </li></ul><ul><li>yesterday. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>My sister is learning to play the guitar. </li></ul><ul><li>You promised to take me to the cinema. </li></ul><ul><li>James refuses to help me. </li></ul><ul><li>My parents want to buy a new house. </li></ul><ul><li>If we want to make the second verb </li></ul><ul><li>negative. We use not to + infinitive. </li></ul><ul><li>We’ve decided not to spend any more </li></ul><ul><li>money. </li></ul><ul><li>She promised not to tell anyone. </li></ul>
  8. 8. List of verbs followed by Infinitive Verbs Followed by an Infinitive “ She agreed to speak before the game.” agree aim appear arrange ask attempt be able beg begin care choose condescend consent continue dare decide deserve detest dislike expect fail forget get happen have hesitate hope hurry intend leap leave like long love mean neglect offer ought plan prefer prepare proceed promise propose refuse remember say shoot start stop strive swear threaten try use wait want wish
  9. 9. Verbs followed by Object and an Infinitive: Verbs Followed by an Object and an Infinitive “ Everyone expected her to win.” advise allow ask beg bring build buy challenge choose command dare direct encourage expect forbid force have hire instruct invite lead leave let like love motivate order pay permit persuade prepare promise remind require send teach tell urge want warn Note: Some of these verbs are included in the list above and may be used without an object.

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