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COMPARATIVES  AND SUPERLATIVES BY  M. LUISA GUZMÁN
<ul><li>COMPARISON  OF  ADJECTIVES </li></ul><ul><li>When we want to compare two things,  </li></ul><ul><li>or two groups ...
<ul><li>With short adjectives (1 syllable), we  </li></ul><ul><li>normally add  “ER”. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: </li></ul><ul>...
<ul><li>If the adjective ends with  consonant </li></ul><ul><li>+ y , we change the  y  into  i  and add  “ER” </li></ul><...
<ul><li>With longer adjectives (2 syllables or </li></ul><ul><li>more) we DON’T change the adjective –  </li></ul><ul><li>...
<ul><li>We can modify the comparison, by </li></ul><ul><li>using: </li></ul><ul><li>Much </li></ul><ul><li>Far </li></ul><...
<ul><li>COMPARISON  OF  ADVERBS </li></ul><ul><li>To compare adverbs, we use the same rules </li></ul><ul><li>as we do whe...
<ul><li>Some adverbs are irregular. </li></ul><ul><li>Well   Better. </li></ul><ul><li>Badly   Worse. </li></ul>
SUPERLATIVE  ADJECTIVES  AND ADVERBS <ul><li>Use superlative adjectives to compare 3 or  </li></ul><ul><li>more people or ...
<ul><li>For short adjectives and adverbs  </li></ul><ul><li>ending in –e  add  the  and  st. </li></ul><ul><li>Close the c...
<ul><li>For adjectives ending in 1 vowel and 1 </li></ul><ul><li>consonant (except W),  double the  </li></ul><ul><li>cons...
<ul><li>To make superlative adverbs: </li></ul><ul><li>6) For adverbs ending in –ly  add  the  and  </li></ul><ul><li>most...
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Comparative an superlative adjectives 8º y Iº ppt

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Comparative an superlative adjectives 8º y Iº ppt

  1. 1. COMPARATIVES AND SUPERLATIVES BY M. LUISA GUZMÁN
  2. 2. <ul><li>COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES </li></ul><ul><li>When we want to compare two things, </li></ul><ul><li>or two groups of things, we use a </li></ul><ul><li>comparative form + than. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: </li></ul><ul><li>I’m taller than my father. </li></ul><ul><li>Canada is larger than Brazil. </li></ul><ul><li>DVDs are more expensive than CDs. </li></ul><ul><li>His watch is better than mine. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>With short adjectives (1 syllable), we </li></ul><ul><li>normally add “ER”. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: </li></ul><ul><li>Cold Cold er. </li></ul><ul><li>Long Long er. </li></ul><ul><li>Clever Clever er. </li></ul><ul><li>If the adjective ends in “E” , we add </li></ul><ul><li>only “R”. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: </li></ul><ul><li>White White r. </li></ul><ul><li>Safe Safe r. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>If the adjective ends with consonant </li></ul><ul><li>+ y , we change the y into i and add “ER” </li></ul><ul><li>Easy Eas ier. </li></ul><ul><li>Early Earl ier. </li></ul><ul><li>Happy Happ ier. </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy Heav ier. </li></ul><ul><li>5) If the adjective ends in one vowel + </li></ul><ul><li>one consonant , we double the final </li></ul><ul><li>consonant and add “ER”. </li></ul><ul><li>Big Big ger. </li></ul><ul><li>Fat Fat ter. </li></ul><ul><li>Slim Slim mer. </li></ul><ul><li>For adjectives ending in “W” add “ER”. </li></ul><ul><li>Slow Slow er. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>With longer adjectives (2 syllables or </li></ul><ul><li>more) we DON’T change the adjective – </li></ul><ul><li>we put MORE in front of it. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: </li></ul><ul><li>Expensive more expensive. </li></ul><ul><li>Boring more boring. </li></ul><ul><li>Hard-working more hard-working. </li></ul><ul><li>Fluent more fluent. </li></ul><ul><li>Some adjectives are irregular-they have a different comparative form. </li></ul><ul><li>Good Better. </li></ul><ul><li>Bad Worse. </li></ul><ul><li>Far Further. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>We can modify the comparison, by </li></ul><ul><li>using: </li></ul><ul><li>Much </li></ul><ul><li>Far </li></ul><ul><li>A lot </li></ul><ul><li>A little </li></ul><ul><li>A bit </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: </li></ul><ul><li>This film is much better than the book. </li></ul><ul><li>His pronunciation is far worse than mine. </li></ul><ul><li>He walked a bit further than last week. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>COMPARISON OF ADVERBS </li></ul><ul><li>To compare adverbs, we use the same rules </li></ul><ul><li>as we do when we compare adjectives. </li></ul><ul><li>With short adverbs, we add “ER” or “R” </li></ul><ul><li>and than after the adverb. </li></ul><ul><li>Late Late r </li></ul><ul><li>Hard Hard er </li></ul><ul><li>Fast Fast er </li></ul><ul><li>2) For adverbs ending in ly, use “more” </li></ul><ul><li>Quickly more quickly </li></ul><ul><li>Loudly more loudly </li></ul><ul><li>Angrily more angrily </li></ul><ul><li>Quietly more quietly </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Some adverbs are irregular. </li></ul><ul><li>Well Better. </li></ul><ul><li>Badly Worse. </li></ul>
  9. 9. SUPERLATIVE ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS <ul><li>Use superlative adjectives to compare 3 or </li></ul><ul><li>more people or things. </li></ul><ul><li>Use superlative adverbs to compare 3 or </li></ul><ul><li>more ways of doing something. </li></ul><ul><li>For most short adjectives and adverbs </li></ul><ul><li>add “the” and –est. </li></ul><ul><li>Light the light est. </li></ul><ul><li>Fast the fast est. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>For short adjectives and adverbs </li></ul><ul><li>ending in –e add the and st. </li></ul><ul><li>Close the clos est. </li></ul><ul><li>Late the lat est. </li></ul><ul><li>To make superlative adjectives: </li></ul><ul><li>For adjectives ending in –y, take away </li></ul><ul><li>the y and add -iest. </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy the heaviest. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>For adjectives ending in 1 vowel and 1 </li></ul><ul><li>consonant (except W), double the </li></ul><ul><li>consonant , add the and –est. </li></ul><ul><li>Hot the hottest. </li></ul><ul><li>New the newest. </li></ul><ul><li>For adjectives with 2 or more syllables </li></ul><ul><li>add the and most. </li></ul><ul><li>Exciting the most exciting. </li></ul><ul><li>Boring the most boring. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>To make superlative adverbs: </li></ul><ul><li>6) For adverbs ending in –ly add the and </li></ul><ul><li>most. </li></ul><ul><li>Quickly the most quickly. </li></ul><ul><li>Some adjectives and adverbs are </li></ul><ul><li>irregular. </li></ul><ul><li>Good better the best </li></ul><ul><li>Bad worse the worst </li></ul><ul><li>Well better the best </li></ul><ul><li>Badly worse the worst </li></ul>

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