Monday, November 7, 2011Grammar: Subject-Verb Agreement Writing: The Writing Process; Revision and Editing
Housekeeping• Hand in your work from Chapter 2, Activity 1, 4, or 5.• Monday is not a holiday
Subject-Verb Agreement, p. 464-467• Singular subjects must take a singular verb. – I walk fast – you walk fast – he/she walks fast• Plural subjects must take a plural verb. – We walk fast – they walk fast
Mistakes in Subject-Verb Agreement. . .. . . usually occur in the following situations:1. When words come between the subject and verb2. When a verb comes before a subject3. With compound subjects4. With indefinite pronouns
1. When words come between the subject and verb (p. 464) . . .. . . subject-verb agreement does not change.Ex: The noisy dogs get on my nerves.Ex: The noisy dogs in my neighbourhood get on my nerves. (plural subject) (plural verb)The words “in my neighbourhood” form aprepositional phrase that does not affect s-vagreement.
Reminder: Prepositional phrases• Prepositions are words that usually indicate time and space relationships.Ex: before, under, with, behind, in, of, etc.• Prepositional phrases are word groups that begin with prepositions (they usually include an object and adjectives or adverbs)Ex: during class, behind the old bridge
When words come between the subject and verb (Cont’d.)• When trying to find the subject of a sentence, it can help to cross out the prepositional phrases:Nell, with her three dogs close behind, runs aroundthe park every day.The seams in my new coat have split after only twoyears.
Activity 1, p. 464Do as many others as you can finish in 5 minutes.1. The decisions of the judge seem/seems . . .2. The flakes in this cereal taste/tastes . . .3. The woman with the dark sunglasses is/are . . .4. Many people in Europe speak/speaks . . .5. A hamburger with a large order of fries is/are . . .
2. When a verb comes before a subject . . . . . . it must still agree with the subject! Ex: On Sasha’s desk were two books. Ex: There are many sushi restaurants in Vancouver. To try to find the subject, ask yourself who or what does the verb refer to. Ex: Q: What was on Sasha’s desk? A: The books. (Two books were on Sasha’s desk) So, the verb must agree with “books” (plural) not Sasha (singular)!!
Activity, p. 465Do as many others as you can finish in 5minutes.1. What is/are . . .2. Among the guests was/were . . .3. Where do/does . . .4. There is/are . . .5. In that grave rest/rests . . .
3. With compound subjects, p. 466Situation 1: When two subjects are joined byand they take a plural verb:Ex: Maple syrup and sweet butter tastedelicious on pancakes.Ex: Mike and Sharon have a lot of work to do.
With compound subjects, p. 466Situation 2: In contrast, when subjects are joinedby either . . . or, neither . . . nor, not only . . . butalso, the verb agrees with the subject closest to theverb: (plural) (singular) (singular)Ex: Either the students or the teacher takes a dayoff every month. (singular) (plural) (plural)Ex: Either the teacher or the students take a day offevery month.
Activity, p. 466.Do as many others as you can finish in 5 minutes.1. Our cats and dog stays/stay . . .2. Is/Are the birthday cake . . .3. Staples and Scotch tape holds/hold . . .4. Rent and car insurance was/were . . .5. Neither the students nor the instructor wants/want . . .
4. With indefinite pronouns• These words always take singular verbs: “-one” words “-body” “-thing” words words None Nobody Nothing Each One Anybody Anything Either Anyone Everybody Everything Neither Everyone Somebody Something Someone• However: “both” always takes a plural verb!
Activity 4, p. 467Do as many others as you can finish in 5 minutes.1. Everybody at my new school is/are . . .2. Neither of those mattresses feel/feels . . .3. Nobody in my family knows/know . . .4. Each of the children needs/need . . .5. Something about Robbie’s story sounds/sound . . .
Homework English Skills Chapter 2, p. 18-32• Hand-in the prewriting assignment (Choice of 1, 4, or 5) /5 marks• We will review the answers for activities 6, 7, and 8 now
Chapter 2, p. 18The Writing Process• Prewriting• Drafting• Revising• EditingSee the purple box on p. 18
Example of Freewriting• I am so tired but iam starting to get more energy I should have had a snack at the break starting to feel awake oh I see out of the corner of my eye Sandra is writing and I just heard ionnis laugh. well hmm. I was going to give the topic occupyb vancouver just leave the mistake stehre.
Writing a First Draft, p. 27Activity 61. topic sentence/main idea2. ten hours; two ten-minute breaks3. physicaly (answers may vary)4. end5. Details
Revising, p. 28-30Activity 7, p. 301. first of all, finally2. unity, At the same time . . . loaded3. support, over sixty hours a week, on the loading dock, near-zero-degree temperatures4. that made the job a worst one5. an unpaid half hour for lunch6. because7. I felt this isolation8. an ugly, bitter
Editing, p. 32Activity 81. spelling2. commas3. plus just a quarter extra4. spelled (or written) out5. spent two hours by myself cleaning
Revision and Editing Assignment (Homework)1. Review my feedback on your paragraph.2. Refer to the handout “Editing Marks” for help; then ask me if you need more explanation.3. Revise: make changes to improve the content of the paragraph . [Unity, Support, Coherence]4. Edit: make changes to improve the grammar, punctuation, usage, and spelling of the paragraph. [Sentence Skills]5. You should do step 5 and 6 in two separate “passes.” *stages+6. Hand in your all of your work, with your final version stapled on the top.
HomeworkFor this Wednesday• Be prepared to do in-class writing about “The Tell-Tale Heart”• Bring the other two short stories and your “Fiction Terms” handout to classFor Monday• Revision and Editing Assignment (See previous slide)• Read English Skills, Chapter 14 “Description” (p. 268-272); complete the questions on p. 271-272• Complete the rest of the Subject-Verb Agreement activities in Chapter 464-469; Answers will be provided on the website