Wednesday, November 16, 2011 Literature: 1. Wrap-up of Short Story Unit 2. Introduction to Novel Unit
Housekeeping• Exam on Monday• Last chance to do missed in-class short story assignments is Thursday and Friday. See me.• School Christmas party Dec. 13th, from 12-2 p.m.
Wrap-up of Plot ActivityYou should have• Fiction Terms• All three storiesI will give you• Your group’s work so far• Markers
GroupsA – Heart C – Summer E – WeddingChanel Grace YsauraHossein Aiko MerhzadIoannis Maha ArezooShala Iman F – WeddingB – Heart D – Summer KasraSandra L Shun Sandra SEstella Raana OmidManochehr Dominic
Plot Analysis Activity1. In your group, continue to work on determining the plot points for your assigned story.REMEMBER: if there is disagreement, try to go withthe consensus.2. You have 20 minutes to record the group’s ideas on your chart in point form3. Then, I will ask you to present your ideas to another group.4. Together, decide how you will present the ideas (everyone should take part in some way)
Group PresentationsA – Heart D – SummerChanel ShunHossein RaanaIoannis DominicShalaB – Heart E – WeddingSandra L YsauraEstella MerhzadManochehr ArezooC – Summer F – WeddingGrace KasraAiko Sandra SMaha OmidIman
Novel Study Introduction• Choice of Three Novels• Sign-up Sheet• Novel Study Outline• Novel Study Handouts• Website Information
More Literary Elements• The following slides contain more detailed information about some of the elements on the Fiction Terms handout.• You will be expected to understand these elements generally and be able to identify them in fill-in-the-blank or matching type of questions.• There will not be a literary analysis question on theme this time.
Discovering Theme• What kind of person is the protagonist?• What kind of conflicts does she/he face?• How does she/he attempt to overcome those conflicts?• What is the outcome of those conflicts?• What general statement might the author be making about people who are similar to the narrator?
Stating a ThemeMake a general statement that refers to people orlife in general. x NOT: The main character lied to his boss because he felt his loyalty to his wife was more important than the company’s success. BUT: Sometimes people will lie to protect their loved ones.
Supporting a Theme Statement• State the theme• Explain the conflicts related to the theme• Describe how the protagonist attempts to overcome those conflicts• Explain the outcome of the conflict and how it shows what the author might be saying about people/life in general (the theme)• Along the way, explain any other story details that reinforce the theme
ExampleOne theme of “Romeo and Juliet” is that Romantic love can bebeautiful and ennobling. The love between Romeo and Juliet issublimely beautiful. Not only do they feel deeply for each other,but they also respect each other. Neither attempts to impose hisor her will on the other; neither places his or her welfare abovethe other. Realizing that love and lust are not the same, theyprize each other spiritually as well as physically. Therefore,meeting in secret from time to time to gratify their powerfulsexual desires without the permanent commitment of marriageis out of the question. Such an arrangement would cheapen theirrelationship; it would reduce their love to a mere bestial craving.Consequently, at great risk, they decide to sanctify theirrelationship with a marriage ceremony binding them to eternallove. Theirs is no Hollywood marriage for three months or threeyears, based on selfish sexual gratification; theirs is a marriagemeant for eternity, based on unselfish commitment to thespouse.http://www.cummingsstudyguides.net/xRomeoJul.html#Themes
Discovering Theme• http://www.slideshare.net/kjhatzi/theme-in- literature-2135936• http://www.slideshare.net/mdix25/theme-in- literature
IronyIrony is a device used by writers to showsomething different from what is expected.There are three types of irony:• Situational Irony• Dramatic Irony• Verbal Irony
Situational IronyThis is the most common type of irony. In this case, thereis a difference between appearance and reality.A situation seems to be developing to its logicalconclusion, yet it takes an opposite turn at the end.Ex: When an assassin attempts to kill a president, all of his shots initially miss the President; however, a bullet ricochets off the bullet-proof Presidential limousine and strikes the president in the chest. Thus, a vehicle made to protect the President from gunfire was partially responsible for his being shot
Dramatic IronyThis results from the reader having moreinformation about what is happening than thecharacter has.Ex: A woman thinks her husband is working late, but the reader knows the husband is with another woman.
Verbal IronyThis occurs when the writer or speaker says the oppositeof what he/she really feels or believes.Examples:“Oh great!” (When something goes wrong)“No, that’s not too much homework. I love homework.”A person steps in big puddle of water by mistake, andhis/her friend smiles kindly, starts to help his friend upand remarks, "well now, dont you have all the luck!"
Mood vs. ToneMood is the atmosphere or feeling the author creates for the reader (Ex.,angry, somber, gentle, tense, frightened, cheerful, etc.)Ex: The mood in “All Summer in a Day” could be described as mostly somber and tense. As we read the story we mostly feel curiosity, and concern. The only joyful time is when the children are running in the sun, and even then, in our minds we worry for poor Margot who is locked in the closet.So, mood is about how the reader feels.Tone is the author’s attitude, stated or implied, about his subject orcharacters. Some possible attitudes are pessimistic, optimistic, earnest,serious, bitter, humorous, and joyful. An author’s tone can be revealedthrough choice of words and details.Ex: The tone in “All Summer in a Day” could be described as earnest or serious. The writer presents the story fairly objectively, neither mocking nor criticizing the characters directly.So, tone is about how the author feels.
SymbolA symbol is anything that stands for something else. It is aword, person, action, or object which takes on a meaning inthe story that is far beyond its ordinary meaning.Ex: a white dove = peace rainbow = hope rose = loveSymbols can be culturally specific, so it is important to knowthe author’s background.(i.e. the same object may be have a different symbolicmeaning in different continents, countries, ethnic, or linguisticgroups.)