E10 may4 2011

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E10 may4 2011

  1. 1. Wednesday, May 4, 2011<br />Grammar: Pronoun Agreement and Reference<br />Literature: Images in Poetry<br />
  2. 2. Housekeeping<br />presentations – if possible, provide the handout the class before or early on the day of class<br />Grammar Quiz <br />sometime in the next couple of weeks<br />date and study sheet to be provided as soon as possible<br />Exam average – 70%<br />
  3. 3. Student Sentences<br />I really wanted to move to a country where theirthe people’s first language is English.<br />or . . . where the official language is English.<br />. . . where the people speak English.<br />. . . English is the first/official language.<br />2. The second problem is the money that drug users need to buy drugs. A desperate person who needs itmoney (or drugs) could commit a crime.<br />
  4. 4. Pronoun Agreement and Reference, p. 470<br />Agreement<br />Pronouns must agree in number with the noun they replace (its antecedent).<br />NOT: The student forgot their homework.<br />BUT: The student forgot his homework. (or her)<br />NOT: Sally eats lots of vegetables because she believes it is really healthy.<br />BUT: Sally eats lots of vegetables because she believes they are really healthy.<br />
  5. 5. Activity 1, p. 472<br /> Write the appropriate pronoun (their, they, them, it) in the blank space in each of the following sentences.<br />1. their - people<br />2. it - workout<br />3. their - partners<br />4. they - students<br />5. them - neighbours<br />
  6. 6. Indefinite Pronouns<br />We’ve already learned that indefinite pronouns (-one words, –body words, each, etc.) are always singular. <br />So, pronouns that replace or refer to them must also always be singular.<br />Ex: Everyone must be in his seat before the instructor takes attendance.<br />However, this is a bit unsatisfactory. Why?<br />
  7. 7. Indefinite Pronouns<br />If the class contains both genders, you can write:<br />Ex: Everyone must be in his or her seat before the instructor takes attendance.<br />Or, rewrite the sentence in the plural to avoid the awkward “his or her”:<br />Ex: Students must be in their seats before the instructor takes attendance.<br />
  8. 8. Activity 2, p. 473<br />Underline the correct pronoun. Check your answers against a classmate’s.<br />1. his<br />2. her <br />3. his<br />4. her <br />5. her <br />Make note of any disagreements to discuss.<br />
  9. 9. Pronoun Reference, p. 473 <br />Careless use of pronouns can result in confusing sentences:<br />Ex: Joe almost dropped out of high school because he felt they emphasized discipline too much.<br />Who does “they” refer to?<br />Replace “they” with a clear noun:<br />Ex: Joe almost dropped out of high school because he felt the teachers emphasized discipline too much.<br />
  10. 10. Activity 3, p. 474<br />Maria’s mother let her wear her new earrings to school. <br />Maria’s mother let her wear the new earrings that Maria’s mother bought.<br />Maria can wear her new earrings to school now; her mother finally allowed her.<br />Maria was allowed to wear her mother’s new earrings to school. <br />Maria got permission to wear her mother’s new earrings to school.<br />
  11. 11. Activity 3, p. 474<br />When I asked why I failed my driver’s test, he said I drove too slowly.<br />When I asked the officer whom I took my driver’s test with why I failed my driver’s test, he said I drove too slowly.<br />When I asked the tester why I failed . . . .<br />. . . the instructor said I drove . . . .<br />
  12. 12. Activity 3, p. 474<br />Dad ordered my brother to paint the garage because he didn’t want to do it.<br />Dad didn’t want to paint the garage, so he ordered my brother to do it.<br />Dad ordered my brother to paint the garage because Dad didn’t want to do it.<br />Dad ordered my brother to paint the garage because my brother didn’t want to do it.<br />
  13. 13. Activity 3, p. 474<br />Herb dropped his psychology courses because he thought they assigned too much reading.<br />. . . because he thought he would be assigned too much . . . .<br />. . .he thought the teachers assigned too much reading.<br />
  14. 14. Activity 3, p. 474<br />I love Parmesan cheese on veal, but it does not always digest well.<br />. . . but the cheese doesn’t always digest well<br />. . . but the mixture doesn’t always . . . <br />. . . but I don’t digest veal well . . . <br />Even though parmesan cheese on veal doesn’t always digest well, I love the dish/combination.<br />
  15. 15. BREAK<br />
  16. 16. Images and Imagery in Poetry<br /> Imagery = mental pictures in a poem<br />Read p. 61<br />We will look at images in the work of three poets:<br />Matsuo Basho<br />William Carlos Williams<br />Denise Levertov<br />
  17. 17. Images and Imagery in Poetry<br />Matsuo Basho wrote haiku.<br />Haiku is a traditional form of Japanese poetry that focuses on expressing one central image in only a few lines.<br />Haiku typically have only three lines with a set pattern of 5, 7, and 5 syllables, respectively.<br />The images described are usually of nature.<br />
  18. 18. Images and Imagery in Poetry<br />William Carlos Williams and Denise Levertov wrote in free verse – poetry that does not follow a fixed structure.<br />Williams’ poems focus on observing something simply and directly “in the moment.”<br />Levertov was influenced by Williams and wrote in a very simple but vivid style.<br />
  19. 19. Images and Imagery in Poetry<br />As in the last unit, read each poem all the way through once to get a feel for it.<br />Then re-read it several times, focusing on understanding and interpretation.<br />Turn to p. 63, #1-3<br />
  20. 20. Images and Imagery in Poetry<br />I will read the poems aloud once. Just focus on listening to the sound and rhythm of the poems and afterwards you may ask me questions.<br />
  21. 21. Images and Imagery in Poetry<br />Now read the poems to yourselves. <br />Complete “Reviewing the Selections” and “Interpreting the Selections.”<br />We will go over the answers together.<br />If you are finished, you can read ahead to the next section of the handout (which will be assigned as homework).<br />
  22. 22. Images and Imagery in Poetry<br />“Reviewing the Selections”<br /> b in the fall<br /> a <br /> d<br /> 2 – sight, smell<br /> d<br />
  23. 23. Images and Imagery in Poetry<br />“Interpreting the Selections”<br />C<br />A<br />B<br />D<br />C<br />
  24. 24. Homework<br />Grammar<br />Review the Chapter on Pronoun Agreement and Reference and do some online practice (See Website)<br />For Monday<br />Read the remainder of the handout, p. 70-73.<br />Answer the circled questions in brief notes (for study purposes, not for marks). <br />Be prepared to discuss these in class. <br />Be prepared for some in-class writing.<br />

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