Both animals and crops modified to be less susceptible to disease, have higher yields, etc.
Biofuel Creation</li></ul>Examples of Genetic Modification<br />
Able to create transgenic plants by genetically engineering them to:<br />Be More Resistant to extreme conditions<br />Drought, High Salinity<br />Have a higher yield<br />Have a heightened nutritional value<br />Modified Using Cloning Vector<br />Ti Plasmid<br />Genetically Modified Crops<br />
There are almost a billion people on Earth who suffer from malnutrition.<br />More than 40,000 dying every day from nutritional deficiencies.<br />Because water and the amount of arable land are the limiting factors, scientists must find a way to increase “productivity” of the same amount of land. <br />The answer to this problem is the commercial use of transgenic crops in agriculture.<br />Benefits of Genetically Modified Crops<br />
Disease Resistance<br />Transgenic papayas resistant to ring spot virus introduced into Hawaii, saved industry.<br />Giving a greater crop yield in the same amount of farmland<br />Indian cotton yield has increased by over 60% due to GM crops<br />Providing Nutrients within the food <br />“Golden Rice” was developed to prevent blindness by having more beta-carotene, a precursor to Vitamin A<br />Decrease the need for Chemical Fertilizer<br />Some plants have been genetically engineered with Bt Toxin, a protein toxic to most insects, yet harmless to humans<br />4 Main Benefits<br />
Better labeling of food products, more testing</li></li></ul><li>Aim 8<br />There are ethical questions here about how far it is acceptable for humans to change other species as well as other ecosystems, in order to gain benefit for humans. <br />
Artificial Selection<br />Selective breeding of plants and animals<br />Religious/Lifestyle Principles<br />Vegetarians<br />Kosher<br />Ethical Questions<br />“Human intelligence should not undertake such a venture without sincere acknowledgment of its own limitations and full appreciation of the complexity and majesty of God's design.”<br /> - Alliance for Bio-Integrity <br />
<ul><li>"The Debate Over Genetically Modified Foods (ActionBioscience)." ActionBioscience - Promoting Bioscience Literacy. Web. 01 Mar. 2011. <http://www.actionbioscience.org/biotech/sakko.html>.
"Genetically Engineered Crops Benefit Many Farmers, but the Technology Needs Proper Management to Remain Effective, Report Suggests." Science Daily: News & Articles in Science, Health, Environment & Technology. Web. 01 Mar. 2011. <http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/04/100413112058.htm>.
"Genetically Modified Foods and Organisms --HGP Ethical, Legal, and Social Issues." Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Web. 01 Mar. 2011. <http://www.ornl.gov/sci/techresources/Human_Genome/elsi/gmfood.shtml>.
"Genetically Modified Foods: Harmful or Helpful?" CSA. Web. 01 Mar. 2011. <http://www.csa.com/discoveryguides/gmfood/overview.php>.
"PBS - Harvest of Fear: Should We Grow Gm Crops?: Full Arguments." PBS: Public Broadcasting Service. Web. 01 Mar. 2011. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/harvest/exist/arguments.html>.
"Releasing Genetically Modified Organisms: Will Any Harm Outweigh Any Advantage?* - Beringer - 2001 - Journal of Applied Ecology." Wiley Online Library. Web. 01 Mar. 2011. <http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1046/j.1365-2664.2000.00502.x/full>.</li></ul>Works Cited<br />