Bourne gardening club final

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Organic Gardening -- A Commonsense Approach Presented to Bourne Gardening Club March 11, 2013

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Bourne gardening club final

  1. 1. 1 1 WHAT IS ORGANIC GARDENING? A Common Sense ApproachMarch 2013 Master Gardeners of Cape Cod Mary Lou Roberts
  2. 2. 2 WHAT WE’RE GOING TO COVER • What is the meaning of “Organic?” – How do we identify it? • How about “Natural?” • Organic Vegetable Gardening • Organic Fruit Gardening • Flowers? • The Wonders of CompostMarch 2013
  3. 3. 3 SHOULD YOU TAKE NOTES? Please do if you want to remember any of my ‘words of wisdom.’However, I’ve posted these slides on the Internet. I’ll give you that link and links to Other important resources At the end.March 2013 Master Gardeners of Cape Cod Mary Lou Roberts
  4. 4. 4How Many of You AreOrganic Gardeners? Entirely? Partly? Not Sure?
  5. 5. 5ORGANIC AND RELATED CONCEPTS
  6. 6. 6 THE DEFINITION OF ORGANICOrganic is a labeling term that indicates that the food or other agricultural product has been produced through approved methods. These methods integrate cultural, biological, and mechanical practices that foster cycling of resources, promote ecological balance, and conserve biodiversity. Synthetic fertilizers, sewage sludge, irradiation, and genetic engineering may not be used.From the USDA National Organic Program websitehttp://www.ams.usda.gov/
  7. 7. 7 WHAT ORGANIC IS NOT• Not Just the Avoidance of Conventional Chemicals• More Than Just Substituting Organic Inputs for Inorganic Ones
  8. 8. 8PROVIDING THE LIGHT, WATER, NUTRIENTS, AIR THAT PLANTS REQUIRE Courtesy Russell Norton Cape Cod Cooperative Extension Education Officer
  9. 9. 9HOW DO WE IDENTIFY ORGANIC PRODUCTS? There are other symbols. This is the official USDA symbol.
  10. 10. 10Reece Latron uses a tractor to carry baskets of greens harvested from AmysOrganic Garden in Charles City, VA. While the certification system is rigorous toensure integrity of the USDA organic label, thousands of producers andhandlers continue to invest in these activities to market their products asorganic. USDA Photos by Lance Cheunghttp://blogs.usda.gov/2012/10/10/organic-101-five-steps-to-organic-certification/
  11. 11. 11RELATED SYMBOL Certifies products for use on operations that are certified organic under the USDA National Organic Program. https://www.omri.org/
  12. 12. 12ADDITIONAL SYMBOL The definition of organic specifically excludes genetically engineered products (GMOs). Council for Responsible Genetics a non-profit organization http://www.councilforresponsiblegenetics. org/
  13. 13. 13
  14. 14. 14
  15. 15. 15 There is no official definition of Natural.‘Natural’ Can Mean Anything a Marketer Wishes!
  16. 16. 16 THE KEYS TO ORGANIC• The Soil• Fertilizers, Herbicides and Pesticides• Maintenance, including Watering• Seeds and Plants
  17. 17. 17 ORGANIC SOIL As Defined by the NOP• MAINTAIN or IMPROVE the Organic Content of Soil – By Using Compost, for Example• WITHOUT – Contaminating CROPS, the SOIL itself, or WATER• Possible Contaminants – Fertilizers with Non-Approved Additives (e.g. Vermiculite with Asbestos Content) – Disease-Causing Organisms (e.g., Salmonella, E coli) – Heavy Metals (e.g. Lead from paint disposal, Arsenic from Old Orchard Insecticides and many others) – “Residues of Prohibited Substances”• http://www.ams.usda.gov/AMSv1.0/getfile?dDocName=STELPRDC5087122
  18. 18. 18USE ORGANIC FERTILIZERS, HERBICIDES, PESTICIDES • First, Look for ‘Organic’ and Possibly one of the Symbols • Then Read the Label – Fertilizers Need Appropriate Balance of NPK and other Desirable Elements – Herbicides and Pesticides • Are they Appropriate for Your Issue? • At What Time of Year/State of Pest Development Are They Effective?
  19. 19. 19ORGANIC AMENDMENTS Courtesy Russell Norton Cape Cod Cooperative Extension Education Officer
  20. 20. 20MINERALS FOR FERTILIZER USE Courtesy Russell Norton Cape Cod Cooperative Extension Education Officer
  21. 21. 21CONSIDER ALTERNATIVES TO PEST/HERBICIDES Sticky Yellow Paper Beneficial Insects Ladybugs for mail order GardensAlive.com Praying Mantis Egg Case ces.ncsu.edu
  22. 22. 22 PHYSICAL BARRIERS CAN BE HELPFULPhoto Courtesy Russ Norton, CCCE
  23. 23. 23 PLANT AN INSECTARY GARDENhttp://www.pallensmith.com/articles/marge-says-plant-an-insectary
  24. 24. 24 MAINTAIN THOUGHTFULLY• Water As Needed – Morning; Keep Water off Foliage• Intensive Planting and Weed Barriers• Weed ‘Mechanically’ As Much as Possible
  25. 25. 25 THE DEMO GARDEN APPROACH At the Fairgrounds Planting Through Black PlasticBoth Photos Courtesy Susan Sweeney, Master Gardener
  26. 26. 26 PLANTING THE RAISED BEDSSoaker Hose, Hay Everywhere Black Plastic for Heat LovingBoth Photos Courtesy Susan Sweeney, Master Gardener
  27. 27. 27 CHOOSING SEEDS AND PLANTS• To Be Entirely Organic – Use Organic Seeds – Organically-Grown Plants• How Far You Choose to Go is a Personal Decision
  28. 28. 28ORGANIC VEGETABLE GARDENING START EARLY!
  29. 29. 29One Raised Bed Two Crops Peas Mid-May
  30. 30. 30Peas Early June
  31. 31. 31Peas in Mid-July When Other Vegs are Established
  32. 32. 32Kale, Broccoli Raab and Chard early August Intensive Planting Chokes out Weeds
  33. 33. 33Thin by Eating!
  34. 34. 34 BUT THIN ADEQUATELYRaab Smothering Kale Raab Gone
  35. 35. 35October 1 – Chard Providing Bountiful Harvest
  36. 36. 36Single Plant With Adequate Room Much Larger
  37. 37. 37Planting Tomatoes—Getting Manure and Compost Down to Roots
  38. 38. 38 Seems to WorkCukes and Beans on Same Trellis Didn’t
  39. 39. 39HAVE SOME FUN!
  40. 40. 40Purple Beans Get Attention
  41. 41. 41Profusion of Sunflowers—Also Edible
  42. 42. 42Beans Use Sunflowers for Supports
  43. 43. 43 MAINTAINWEED AND WATER FAITHFULLY
  44. 44. 44PLASTIC, CAGES KEEP PRODUCE OFF GROUND Zucchini Directly on Plastic ‘Home Made’ Tomato CagesBoth Photos Courtesy of Bob Brancale, Master Gardener
  45. 45. 45 INTENSIVE, SUCCESSION PLANTING OF VEG WITH DIFFERENT REQUIREMENTSCourtesy of Bob Brancale, Master Gardener
  46. 46. 46Carefully Maintained Blackberries with Bird DeterrentPhoto Courtesy Al Saperstein, Master Gardener
  47. 47. 47 Blueberries in the Demo GardenPhoto Courtesy Bob Brancale, Master Gardener
  48. 48. 48ADD EDIBLES
  49. 49. 49Calendula, Fennel in mid September Fall Peas in Background
  50. 50. 50Nasturtiums
  51. 51. 51Basil Flowers, Other Herbs, are Excellent
  52. 52. 52Pansies in early January
  53. 53. 53 OTHER EDIBLE FLOWERS• Bachelor’s Buttons• Dianthus• Some Marigolds in Addition to Calendula – Signet Paprika, Mexican Marigold Mint One Theory is That If the Leaves are Edible, Flowers are Also (Borage, for example)
  54. 54. 54TRY A WINTER GARDEN
  55. 55. 55Prepping for Winter
  56. 56. 56Winter Greens in January
  57. 57. 57Mustard Greens Cut Back
  58. 58. 58Arugula, Volunteer Garlic Early January
  59. 59. 59Garlic for Next Spring
  60. 60. 60Early January Snow
  61. 61. 61THE WONDERFUL WORLD OF COMPOST
  62. 62. 62How Many of YouMake Compost?
  63. 63. 63 COMPOSTING Composting is a process by which organic wastes are broken down by microorganisms, generally bacteria and fungi, into simpler forms.From UMass Extension Fact Sheet “Waste Management and Composting”
  64. 64. 64 BASIC COMPOSTING ISSUES• Materials – 30 Carbon: 1 Nitrogen• Temperature = 160° – 3’ x 3’• Environment – Warm, Damp Well Aerated• Container
  65. 65. 65 Note Soil from Non-Organic Flower ContainersI Use Both a Plastic Composter and Wire Bins
  66. 66. 66SOME DESIRABLE MATERIALS http://extension.umass.edu/cdle/fact-sheets/waste-management-and-composting
  67. 67. 67 UNDESIRABLE MATERIALS• Too Much Nitrogen, Water, Large Items• Cooked Material, Especially Meat• Inorganic Materials• DISEASED PLANT MATERIAL
  68. 68. 68 THE ULTIMATE GOALS• Abundant, Healthful Food for Our Families and Communities• Sustainable Practices for the Environment
  69. 69. 69MASTER GARDENERS OF CAPE COD THANK YOU! Questions/Discussion?
  70. 70. 70 A FEW RESOURCES•• UMass Cooperative Extension many good fact sheets written for the MA farmer or gardener• http://ag.umass.edu/••• Maine Organic Farmers & Growers Association fact sheet• http://www.mofga.org/Portals/2/Fact%20Sheets/TB%201%20Organic%20Gardening%20Basics.pdf•• Composting Website• http://howtocompost.org/•• Waste Management and Composting fact sheet• http://extension.umass.edu/cdle/fact-sheets/waste-management-and-composting•• Edible Flowers• http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/hil/hil-8513.html•• Organic Gardening Soil Amendments• http://www.your-vegetable-gardening-helper.com/organic-gardening-soil-amendments.html••• Videos•• How to Grow an Organic Garden• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lFsSlS7IHBg•• Composting• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IKG8xRTFktg••• Newsletters, etc. (there are many, but 2 I especially like are)•• Mother Earth newsletters• http://www.motherearthnews.com/•• Renee’s Garden• http://www.reneesgarden.com/•

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