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Tools for critical reflection


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Workshop exploring time management, critical reflection, freewriting and haiku writing as tools to assist in personal development

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Tools for critical reflection

  1. 1. Tools for critical reflection Martin Locock 20 September 2010
  2. 2. <ul><li>  Objectives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Understand critical thinking and critical reflection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Apply a range of techniques to enhance reflection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify future actions to improve performance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  3. 3. Critical thinking and critical reflection Critical thinking “ active interpretation and evaluation of observations” awareness of one’s own thoughts and behaviour [‘meta awareness’] Present focus Critical reflection purposeful thought about experience to understand and learn for the future Past focus
  4. 4.
  5. 5. Mezirow’s transformational learning Learning that leads one to review past experience and assumptions
  6. 6. <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise 1: time allocation </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>How much of your time is spent: </li></ul><ul><li>preparing for activity </li></ul><ul><li>doing activity </li></ul><ul><li>reviewing activity </li></ul>
  7. 7. Type A Living in the present Hurry sickness? Type B Planning/doing Type C Plan/Do/Reflect
  8. 8. Reflection on time use <ul><li>How much time spent doing is wasted? </li></ul><ul><li>How much time spent planning is wasted? </li></ul><ul><li>How much time spent reflecting is wasted? </li></ul><ul><li>Whose permission do you </li></ul><ul><li>need to change your </li></ul><ul><li>time use? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Hurry sickness: symptoms <ul><li>Never finish things properly </li></ul><ul><li>Miss important meetings and deadlines </li></ul><ul><li>Drive fast and arrive late </li></ul><ul><li>Do many things at once </li></ul><ul><li>No time for relaxation or exercise </li></ul><ul><li>Take work home routinely </li></ul>
  10. 10. Hurry sickness: treatment <ul><li>Time management techniques? </li></ul><ul><li>Do something you enjoy every day </li></ul><ul><li>Spend 20 minutes outside every day </li></ul><ul><li>Align work on your priorities </li></ul><ul><li>Use your leisure time constructively </li></ul><ul><li>See PSMW Boniwell powerpoint </li></ul>
  11. 11. Critical reflection Self awareness - the internal narrative Becoming self-aware in real time Critical reflection - what did I learn? what did I do well? Building a routine
  12. 12. Critical friends What is a critical friend? Someone who will assist your personal development over the medium term Provides: t rust, support, honesty, time = friend And: challenge, measure progress = critical Not: information, advice, negative comments Who makes a good critical friend? Not your boss Not your best friend Who?
  13. 13. <ul><li>Exercise 2: free writing :   A current problem </li></ul><ul><li>Free writing is a technique that allows you to follow a line of thought without self-editing and will often end by exposing an insight of which you were not consciously aware. </li></ul><ul><li>Select an issue (a current problem you are facing) </li></ul><ul><li>Start writing what you think or feel about it </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t worry about structure, spelling or layout </li></ul><ul><li>Keep the pen moving across the page </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t go back to correct or erase </li></ul><ul><li>Feedback? </li></ul>
  14. 14. Exercise 3: Reflecting on an insight / writing a haiku Japanese form, three lines, 5 / 7 / 5 syllables Can have a title Must have two parts, often marked by : two different aspects of something (outside/inside, event/analysis) Can seem mundane First autumn morning The mirror I stare into Shows my father’s face
  15. 15. <ul><li>Contract with the new day </li></ul><ul><li>I'll do honour to </li></ul><ul><li>The thing inside myself that's </li></ul><ul><li>Greater than my self </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Writing a haiku </li></ul><ul><li>Subject: an insight or experience from </li></ul><ul><li>the last 12 months </li></ul><ul><li>Find a thought 3 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Write it down as a phrase </li></ul><ul><li>First draft (title last) 5 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Quick revision 2 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Final version: reading </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Judging your poem </li></ul><ul><li>Does it contain a truth? </li></ul><ul><li>Does it express that truth? </li></ul><ul><li>Does it communicate that truth? </li></ul><ul><li>Irrelevant questions : </li></ul><ul><li>Is the idea new? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the idea one you are committed to? </li></ul><ul><li>Would someone else have written it differently? </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Critical reflection toolbox </li></ul><ul><li>Routine </li></ul><ul><li>Critical friend </li></ul><ul><li>Free writing </li></ul><ul><li>Haiku </li></ul>
  19. 19. Reviewing current status and identifying key areas     How happy are you with your current state of mind ?    How committed are you to change ?    To what extent do you engage in critical reflection ?   What reflective practices do you use?    How far are you self aware in the moment?
  20. 20. Action plan By tomorrow I will have ...   By the end of next week I will have ...   By the end of next month I will have ...   My critical friend is ...
  21. 21. <ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Time </li></ul><ul><li>Self-awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Reflection </li></ul><ul><li>Action plan </li></ul>