Tools for critical reflection

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Workshop exploring time management, critical reflection, freewriting and haiku writing as tools to assist in personal development

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Tools for critical reflection

  1. 1. Tools for critical reflection Martin Locock 20 September 2010
  2. 2. <ul><li>  Objectives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Understand critical thinking and critical reflection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Apply a range of techniques to enhance reflection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify future actions to improve performance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  3. 3. Critical thinking and critical reflection Critical thinking “ active interpretation and evaluation of observations” awareness of one’s own thoughts and behaviour [‘meta awareness’] Present focus Critical reflection purposeful thought about experience to understand and learn for the future Past focus
  4. 4.   http://www.learningandteaching.info/learning/critical1.htm
  5. 5. Mezirow’s transformational learning Learning that leads one to review past experience and assumptions
  6. 6. <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise 1: time allocation </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>How much of your time is spent: </li></ul><ul><li>preparing for activity </li></ul><ul><li>doing activity </li></ul><ul><li>reviewing activity </li></ul>
  7. 7. Type A Living in the present Hurry sickness? Type B Planning/doing Type C Plan/Do/Reflect
  8. 8. Reflection on time use <ul><li>How much time spent doing is wasted? </li></ul><ul><li>How much time spent planning is wasted? </li></ul><ul><li>How much time spent reflecting is wasted? </li></ul><ul><li>Whose permission do you </li></ul><ul><li>need to change your </li></ul><ul><li>time use? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Hurry sickness: symptoms <ul><li>Never finish things properly </li></ul><ul><li>Miss important meetings and deadlines </li></ul><ul><li>Drive fast and arrive late </li></ul><ul><li>Do many things at once </li></ul><ul><li>No time for relaxation or exercise </li></ul><ul><li>Take work home routinely </li></ul>
  10. 10. Hurry sickness: treatment <ul><li>Time management techniques? </li></ul><ul><li>Do something you enjoy every day </li></ul><ul><li>Spend 20 minutes outside every day </li></ul><ul><li>Align work on your priorities </li></ul><ul><li>Use your leisure time constructively </li></ul><ul><li>See PSMW Boniwell powerpoint </li></ul>
  11. 11. Critical reflection Self awareness - the internal narrative Becoming self-aware in real time Critical reflection - what did I learn? what did I do well? Building a routine
  12. 12. Critical friends What is a critical friend? Someone who will assist your personal development over the medium term Provides: t rust, support, honesty, time = friend And: challenge, measure progress = critical Not: information, advice, negative comments Who makes a good critical friend? Not your boss Not your best friend Who?
  13. 13. <ul><li>Exercise 2: free writing :   A current problem </li></ul><ul><li>Free writing is a technique that allows you to follow a line of thought without self-editing and will often end by exposing an insight of which you were not consciously aware. </li></ul><ul><li>Select an issue (a current problem you are facing) </li></ul><ul><li>Start writing what you think or feel about it </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t worry about structure, spelling or layout </li></ul><ul><li>Keep the pen moving across the page </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t go back to correct or erase </li></ul><ul><li>Feedback? </li></ul>
  14. 14. Exercise 3: Reflecting on an insight / writing a haiku Japanese form, three lines, 5 / 7 / 5 syllables Can have a title Must have two parts, often marked by : two different aspects of something (outside/inside, event/analysis) Can seem mundane First autumn morning The mirror I stare into Shows my father’s face
  15. 15. <ul><li>Contract with the new day </li></ul><ul><li>I'll do honour to </li></ul><ul><li>The thing inside myself that's </li></ul><ul><li>Greater than my self </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Writing a haiku </li></ul><ul><li>Subject: an insight or experience from </li></ul><ul><li>the last 12 months </li></ul><ul><li>Find a thought 3 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Write it down as a phrase </li></ul><ul><li>First draft (title last) 5 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Quick revision 2 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Final version: reading </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Judging your poem </li></ul><ul><li>Does it contain a truth? </li></ul><ul><li>Does it express that truth? </li></ul><ul><li>Does it communicate that truth? </li></ul><ul><li>Irrelevant questions : </li></ul><ul><li>Is the idea new? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the idea one you are committed to? </li></ul><ul><li>Would someone else have written it differently? </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Critical reflection toolbox </li></ul><ul><li>Routine </li></ul><ul><li>Critical friend </li></ul><ul><li>Free writing </li></ul><ul><li>Haiku </li></ul>
  19. 19. Reviewing current status and identifying key areas     How happy are you with your current state of mind ?    How committed are you to change ?    To what extent do you engage in critical reflection ?   What reflective practices do you use?    How far are you self aware in the moment?
  20. 20. Action plan By tomorrow I will have ...   By the end of next week I will have ...   By the end of next month I will have ...   My critical friend is ...
  21. 21. <ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Time </li></ul><ul><li>Self-awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Reflection </li></ul><ul><li>Action plan </li></ul>

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