The Fall Of The Republic

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From "Journey Across Time" - Glencoe

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The Fall Of The Republic

  1. 1. The Fall of the Republic Chapter 8 Section 3
  2. 2. The Fall of the Republic <ul><li>Troubles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Widening gap between rich and poor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Small farmers = poverty and debt, couldn’t compete with latifundia’s </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. The Fall of the Republic <ul><li>Reforms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gracchus Brothers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wanted to give land to the poor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Murdered by a group of senators </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. The Fall of the Republic <ul><li>Army </li></ul><ul><ul><li>107 B.C. changed from volunteer to paid professionals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soldiers had no sense of duty, only material </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Generals became involved in the gov’t. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. The Fall of the Republic <ul><li>First Triumvirate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Crassus, Pompey, Julius Caesar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Military leaders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Senate feared them </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“return to Rome without army” </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. The Fall of the Republic <ul><li>Crassus die in battle </li></ul><ul><li>Pompey killed in Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>Caesar - left Gaul entered Rome a hero with his army </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Fall of the Republic <ul><li>Julius Caesar </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Declared himself dictator </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Filled Senate with new people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Granted citizenship to more people </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. The Fall of the Republic <ul><li>Caesar’s reforms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Calendar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gave land to the poor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Created new jobs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ordered use of hired workers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Postal system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>March 15, 44 B.C. – assassinated at the Forum </li></ul></ul>

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