Comparing and contrasting civilizations


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This PowerPoint was created by Kendra Cook. The material was adapted from "Journey Across Time," Glencoe, 2005.

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Comparing and contrasting civilizations

  1. 1. Comparing and Contrasting Civilizations The Incas, Mayans, and Aztecs
  2. 2. Which civilization used human sacrifice? Incas, Mayans, and Aztecs (Incas used human sacrifice only in times of trouble.)
  3. 3. Which civilization developed a 365-day calendar? Mayans
  4. 4. Which civilization believed their god was from the sun? Incas, Mayans, and Aztecs
  5. 5. Which civilization’s society had a class system? Aztecs
  6. 6. Which civilization saw death as honorable? Aztecs
  7. 7. Which civilization feasted on roasted snakes? Aztecs
  8. 8. Which civilization disappeared? Mayans
  9. 9. Which civilization had the best organized government? Incas
  10. 10. Which civilization had a leader that name means “earth shaker”? Incas
  11. 11. Who developed the quipu? Incas
  12. 12. Present day Guatemala is where what civilization lived? Mayans
  13. 13. What was said to a baby boy in the Aztec civilization? “You are a warrior.”
  14. 14. What was Francisco Pizarro in search of when he found the Inca? <ul><li>Spices </li></ul><ul><li>Gold </li></ul><ul><li>The sea route to Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Lands to conquer </li></ul>
  15. 15. What type of government did the Mayan people practices? <ul><li>Democracy </li></ul><ul><li>City-state </li></ul><ul><li>Theocracy </li></ul><ul><li>bureaucracy </li></ul>
  16. 16. Why did Montezuma not attack the invading Spaniards right away? <ul><li>He thought they were not a threat. </li></ul><ul><li>He thought Cortes was a god </li></ul><ul><li>He did not know they were coming. </li></ul><ul><li>He had an agreement with Cortes. </li></ul>
  17. 17. How did the Spanish explorers defeat the Aztecs? <ul><li>With guns, horses, and an epidemic </li></ul><ul><li>By intentionally spreading disease </li></ul><ul><li>With bows and arrows </li></ul><ul><li>By greatly outnumbering them </li></ul>
  18. 18. The Inca leader Pachacuti <ul><li>Developed a written language </li></ul><ul><li>Built a huge ancient empire </li></ul><ul><li>Headed a disorganized empire </li></ul><ul><li>Died as a young man </li></ul>
  19. 19. What do the Aztecs plan to do with their enemies? <ul><li>Make a peace treaties </li></ul><ul><li>Set them free </li></ul><ul><li>Establish trade routes </li></ul><ul><li>Take them prisoner </li></ul>
  20. 20. How did Pizarro conquer the Inca? <ul><li>By capturing Atahualpa </li></ul><ul><li>By attacking with a huge army </li></ul><ul><li>Through an alliance with the Aztecs </li></ul><ul><li>By cutting off trade routes </li></ul>
  21. 21. Where was the Mayan civization located? <ul><li>In the mountains </li></ul><ul><li>In the desert </li></ul><ul><li>In dense forest </li></ul><ul><li>On the coastline </li></ul>
  22. 22. Who was Hernan Cortes? <ul><li>The leader of the Aztecs </li></ul><ul><li>A Catholic bishop </li></ul><ul><li>The first Spaniard in the Americas </li></ul><ul><li>The man who conquered the Aztecs </li></ul>
  23. 23. What did Aztec call their city? Tenochtitlan
  24. 24. What was the Incan capital? Cuzco
  25. 25. What were Inca queens called? Coya
  26. 26. How did the Inca remember their dead? Empire had a 30-day period of mourning, mummified their body, and made their palace a shrine.