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Chapter 8 Section 2 Part 2

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From "Journey Across Time" - Glencoe

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Chapter 8 Section 2 Part 2

  1. 1. The Roman Republic
  2. 2. <ul><li>Two Classes </li></ul><ul><li>- Patricians (wealthy landowners) </li></ul><ul><li>- Plebeians (middle class) </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Two Consuls </li></ul><ul><li>- could veto each other </li></ul><ul><li>Praetors </li></ul><ul><li>- interpreted the law, acted as judges </li></ul><ul><li>Senate </li></ul><ul><li>- 300 patrician men, served for life </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Plebeians wanted more involvement in the gov’t. </li></ul><ul><li>494 B.C. – strike = shared power </li></ul><ul><li>471 B.C. – Council of Plebs </li></ul><ul><li>300’s B.C. – allowed to become consuls </li></ul><ul><li>287 B.C. - Could pass laws, all male citizens equal </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Temporary </li></ul><ul><li>Served during emergencies </li></ul><ul><li>Appointed by the Senate </li></ul><ul><li>Cincinnatus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Best known early Roman dictator </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Farmer, served for 16 days </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Twelve tables </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rome’s 1 st code of laws </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Applied only to Roman citizens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rule of Law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Law should apply equally to everyone </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Punic Wars </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First Punic War </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rome and Carthage want control of Sicily </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rome built a navy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rome won (1 – 0) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Second Punic War </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Carthage expands into Spain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hannibal’s army, elephants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scipio defeats Hannibal (Carthage) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rome won (2 – 0) </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Third Punic War </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rome burns Carthage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rome won (3 -0) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rome expands across the Mediterranean Sea </li></ul></ul>

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