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Chapter 8 Section 1

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PowerPoint of notes for Chapter 8 Section 1 from "Journey Across Time" by Glencoe

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Chapter 8 Section 1

  1. 1. Chapter 8 Section 1 Rome’s Beginnings Copyright on photo - Melissa Motes , 6/2008
  2. 2. The Origins of Rome <ul><li>Italy’s Geography </li></ul><ul><li>- Shaped like a boot </li></ul><ul><li>- Alps – separate Italy from Europe mainland </li></ul><ul><li>- Apennines </li></ul><ul><li>- Better farmland than Greece </li></ul><ul><li>- Located in the Mediterranean region </li></ul>
  3. 3. Rome’s Location <ul><li>- Located on the plain of Latium </li></ul><ul><li>- Near the Tiber River </li></ul><ul><li>- this protected Rome </li></ul><ul><li>- Built on seven hills </li></ul><ul><li>- more protection </li></ul>
  4. 4. How Did Rome Begin???? <ul><li>Legends </li></ul><ul><li>- Romulus and Remus </li></ul><ul><li>- Aeneas (Virgil’s Aeneid ) </li></ul><ul><li>Aeneas united with the Latins </li></ul>
  5. 5. Early Influences <ul><li>Greeks </li></ul><ul><li>- learned to grow olives and grapes </li></ul><ul><li>- adopted Greek alphabet </li></ul><ul><li>- modeled Greek architecture, sculpture, and literature </li></ul>Copyright on phot os, Melissa Motes 6/2008
  6. 6. Early Influences (cont.) <ul><li>Etruscans </li></ul><ul><li>- most influential to the Romans </li></ul><ul><li>- skilled metal workers </li></ul><ul><li>- changed Rome from a village to a city </li></ul><ul><li>* Romans modeled their clothing style, </li></ul><ul><li>buildings, streets, temples, and military </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Birth of a Republic <ul><li>Etruscans – ruled for 100 yrs. </li></ul><ul><li>Tarquins become cruel </li></ul><ul><li>Romans rebel – 509 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>Republic begins </li></ul><ul><li>Romans become </li></ul><ul><li>masters of Italy </li></ul>Copyright on photo – Melissa Motes 2/2007
  8. 8. Why was Rome So Strong? <ul><li>Excellent Soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>Soldiers were Practical problem solvers </li></ul><ul><li>Army divided into Legions </li></ul><ul><li>Smart Planners </li></ul><ul><li>Built Roads </li></ul><ul><li>Full Citizenship to some people </li></ul><ul><li>Allies could run their own government </li></ul><ul><li>Republic grew stronger </li></ul>

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