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Universal Design for Learning - Meeting the Needs of Learners

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Universal Design for Learning - Meeting the Needs of Learners

  1. 1. Universal Design for Learning Meeting the Needs of Learners
  2. 2. Goals Understand background & foundational concepts of Universal Design for Learning (UDL) Getting started with UDL – Applications and Resources
  3. 3. Why We Do What We Do  “Students are not empty vessels to be filled, but flames to be lit” (Plato)  Needs to be a shift in how we perceive our youth  “Something in here, that I want to put into the world…”
  4. 4. What is it in you that gives you joy, excites you…  Most students know their “spark”  Most say no one has asked them what their “spark” is  Only 25% say there is a community around them that helps nourish their “spark”
  5. 5. Five Essential Questions  What is your spark?  Who knows your spark?  Who helps nourish your spark?  What gets in your way?  How can I help?
  6. 6. How Can We Help?  Reaffirm why we do what we do…  “vessels” or “sparks”?  Use all the resources available to “light those sparks” which includes: Personalized Learning Inquiry Universal Design for Learning Infusing Technology
  7. 7. Origins of Universal Design  Originated in the field of architecture  Design buildings with built-in accessibility for everyone was an approach superior to retrofitting buildings to accommodate diverse individual needs.
  8. 8. Universal Design: We all benefit  Not one size fits all – but alternatives.  Designed from the beginning, not added on later.  Increases access opportunities for everyone
  9. 9. Universal Design Is All Around Us… Ramps Curb Cuts Electric Doors Captions on Television Easy Grip Tools Slide adapted from Kathy Howery
  10. 10. Center for Universal Design (NCU) –  Equitable Use 7 Principles  Flexibility in Use  Simple & Intuitive  Perceptible Information  Tolerance for error  Low physical effort  Size and space for approach and use
  11. 11. UDE Applications -Educational software Universal Design in -Websites Education (UDE) -Meetings  Provides a philosophical -Instructions framework for the design of -Curriculum a broad range of -Libraries educational products & -Computer labs environments -Registration  Unlike an accommodation options for a specific person with a -Student housing & disability, the practice of residences UDE benefits all students -Student services
  12. 12. Universal Design – Principles for Instruction  Class Climate  Physical Access, Usability, and Safety  Delivery Methods  Information resources  Interaction  Feedback  Assessment  Accommodation
  13. 13. Origins of Universal Design for Learning (UDL) CAST believes that “barriers to learning are not, in fact, inherent in the capacities of learners, but instead arise in learners' interactions with inflexible educational goals, materials, methods, and assessments.” Teaching Every Student in the Digital Age, p. vi (CAST, 2003)
  14. 14. Traditional vs. UDL Approach
  15. 15. Celebrating Diversity “We must fundamentally alter our thinking about diversity as deviant, that…it must be accommodated. . . Rather, we need to be clear that diversity is an essential part of the human condition and needs to be anticipated and celebrated.” Dave Edyburn, Associate Professor, UWM Slide created by Kathy Howery
  16. 16. UDL Originated From the Edges… Innovations emerge from the margins, not from the centre or mainstream of an industry…
  17. 17. Moving to Accessibility – A3 Model ACCESSIBILITY (Universal Design for Learning) ACCOMMODATION APPROACH (Assistive Technology for Learning) ADVOCACY (Barriers to learning exist) APPROACH CHANGES OVER TIME
  18. 18. Universal Design for Learning Definition: “UDL is an educational approach to teaching, learning, and assessment, drawing on new brain research and new media technologies to respond to individual learner differences.” -CAST 2003
  19. 19. UDL - The Intersection of Initiatives “UDL is the intersection where all our initiatives - integrated units, multi- sensory teaching, multiple intelligences, differentiated instruction, use of computers, performance based assessment, and others - come together” Donna Palley (Education in the Digital Age: Rose & Meyer)
  20. 20. UDL and the Learning Brain Recognition network Strategic network Affective network
  21. 21. UDL and the Learning Brain Recognition Networks: “the what of learning” -identify and interpret patterns of sound, light, taste, smell, and touch
  22. 22. UDL and the Learning Brain
  23. 23. Recognition Networks
  24. 24. Recognition Networks
  25. 25. UDL and the Learning Brain Strategic networks: “the how of learning” -plan, execute, and monitor actions and skills
  26. 26. UDL and the Learning Brain
  27. 27. Universal Design and the Learning Brain Strategies & Eye Movement Studies
  28. 28. UDL and the Learning Brain Affective networks: “the why of learning” -evaluate and set priorities
  29. 29. UDL and the Learning Brain
  30. 30. Learning and Emotion
  31. 31. UDL and the Learning Brain • One must recognize information, ideas, and concepts • One must be able to apply strategies to process the information • One must be engaged -Vygotsky
  32. 32. UDL and the Learning Brain All learners are unique and universal does not mean “one size fits all”
  33. 33. What do we mean by Universal?  To many people the term seems to imply that UDL is a quest for a single, one size- fits-all, solution that will work for everyone.In fact, the very opposite is true.  The essence of UDL is flexibility and the inclusion of alternatives to adapt to the myriad variations in learner needs, styles, and preferences. -Slide adapted from Kathy Howery
  34. 34. Universal Design for Learning calls for:  Multiple means of representation::to give learners various ways of acquiring information and knowledge,  Multiple means of expression: to provide learners alternatives for demonstrating what they know  Multiple means of engagement: to tap into learners' interests, offer appropriate challenges, and increase motivation.
  35. 35. Multiple Means of Representation
  36. 36. Multiple Means of Representation
  37. 37. Multiple Means of Representation  Video  Sparks Notes  Considerate Text (Mobipocket)  Read/Write Gold  “Writing with Symbols” (ELL)  Reduce cognitive barriers
  38. 38. Multiple Means of Action & Expression
  39. 39. Multiple Means of Action & Expression  Speech recognition software  Alpha Smart  iMovie or Movie Maker  Inspiration  Webspiration  Pixwriter  Blogging  Voice Thread
  40. 40. Multiple Means of Engagement
  41. 41. Multiple Means of Engagement
  42. 42. Multiple Means of Engagement  21st Century Learners – Digital Natives  Virtual classrooms  Nurturing “Sparks”  Teach today’s students with today’s tools
  43. 43. Universal Design for Learning  Provides a variety of choice for different learners.  Has these options available before students enter the classroom.  Teachers can plan in advance to meet students’ needs. -Slide adapted from Kathy Howery
  44. 44. Universal Design for Learning By frontloading “assistive” technologies into the classroom we can create a more accessible and flexible environment for all students. -Slide adapted from Kathy Howery
  45. 45. Digital Media is Flexible and Transformable Examples UDL Editions Strategy Tour Thinking Reader Book Builder Draft Builder “Joe’s Non-Netbook” - Youtube
  46. 46. Planning for All Learners (PAL)  Set Goals  Classroom Profiles  Identify Methods, Materials, Assessments & Barriers  Apply UDL  Teach UDL Lesson
  47. 47. Classroom Profiles  Profile of EACH student’s STRENGTHS & WEAKNESS: Recognition Networks Strategic Networks Affective Networks “Sparks”
  48. 48. Classroom Profile
  49. 49. Materials, Methods & Assessment  Potential Barriers & Solutions: Methods Materials Assessment
  50. 50. Materials, Methods, Assessment
  51. 51. Finding UDL Solutions
  53. 53. Digital Text Alberta Education Other Sources  Digital Repository  Project Gutenberg (free of Digital Textbooks electronic books) (Canada Copyright  Wikibooks Law – Section 32)  UDL Editions by CAST  Authorized Novels  Google Books & Plays in Digital  Format
  54. 54. UDL Resources - Technology
  55. 55. UDL & 21st Century Learning  Information is easy to get!
  56. 56. UDL & 21st Century Learning What will be valued is people who can make “usable knowledge” with that information! -Slide adapted from Kathy Howery
  57. 57. Are We Ready?