WHAT ARE THE CRUSADES?• It is the war between Christians and Muslims, and it was centered around the city of Jerusalem.• The Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem commemorated the hill of crucifixion and the tomb of Christs burial and was visited by Pilgrims.• By 1605, Jerusalem was taken by the turks, therefore 3,000 Christians were killed.
THE CAUSE OF THE CRUSADES• The city of Jerusalem held a holy significance to the Christian religion.• Were great military expeditions undertaken by the Christian nations of Europe for the purpose of rescuing the holy places of Palestine.• It started in 1906 when Pope Claremont preached the First Crusade at the Council of Claremont.
CRUSADE’S OBJECTIVES• They mainly wanted to release the holy land from the Saracens.• Also wanted to drive the Turks out of Anatolia.• Wanted to heal the great schism Romes terms and rescue the Byzantines from a threat.
THE FIRST CRUSADE• Real Armies were gathering in the west.• More recruiters came from France than any other country.• Lasted from1095-1099• Established a Latin kingdom of Jerusalem• Provided more land for the crusade knights who often traveled across Europe to find their fortunes.
EFFECTS OF THE CRUSADES• The most significant effect of the Crusades was that there was a vast increase in cultural horizons for many Europeans.• IT was an act of piety, charity, and love.• Helped break down feudalism by increasing the authority of the kings.• Taught Europe how to build ships and use a compass.
ORDERS OF RELIGIOUS KNIGHTS• This is a list of orders from religious knights, working from monastic rule in order to defend the holy land.• They also provided this for the pilgrims en route to Jerusalem.
WORK CITED• http://www.middle-ages.org.uk/the-crusades.htm• http://www.uwgb.edu/dutchs/westtech/xcrusade.htm• http://www.the-orb.net/encyclop/religion/crusades/crumadden.html• http://medievaleurope.mrdonn.org/effects_of_the_crusades.html