Charcoal drawing

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Charcoal drawing

  1. 1. Charcoal Lesson 3 For Unit Plan By Marie Max-Fritz
  2. 2. Sketching Portraits 9th gradePennsylvania AcademicStandards for the Arts andHumanities1.4 Medium8.19.1 Charcoal9.29.3 History9.49.59.6 The Old Masters to Moderns
  3. 3. Lesson Review• Overview of medium, process, research essay• History of artists• 2 Studio sessions• Extension: free time for research• Teacher and student critique• Research essays and final drawing due
  4. 4. Powdered CharcoalPowdered charcoal is used to:•create tonal values•usually over larger surfaces•easily erases and can be•darkened by adding layers.
  5. 5. Compressed Charcoal •Powdered with gum binder •round or square sticks •charcoal pencils.
  6. 6. Vine Charcoal• * Vine charcoal is willow or linden/Tilia twigs burnt into:• soft• medium• hard consistencies
  7. 7. Pure Charcoal•Very soft•Very dark tones•Very messy!
  8. 8. Accessories• Kneaded eraser• Tortillons (blending stump)• Sandpaper block Sandpaper block Tortillons Kneaded Erasers
  9. 9. FixativesWorkable Fixative Fine Art Fixative Gloss/non-workable Fixative
  10. 10. The Human FigurePortraits and sketches by the Masters
  11. 11. Old Masters Early Renaissance High Renaissance Baroque
  12. 12. Early Renaissance 15th Century (1400-1500 A.D.) Raphael, 1507
  13. 13. High Renaissance 16th Century(1500-1600 A.D.) Michelangelo, 1528
  14. 14. Baroque 17th to 18th Centuries (1600 – 1700’s A.D.) Peter Paul Rubens, 1610
  15. 15. ModernsRomanticists and Impressionists Goya, 1795
  16. 16. Romantic18th and 19th Centuries Delacroix, 1821
  17. 17. Impressionist 19th CenturyGaugin, circa 1890
  18. 18. Getting Started• Clear drawing surface• Layout paper – horizontal for landscape viewpoint – or vertical for portrait viewpoint• Have drawing supplies ready – Charcoal, kneaded eraser, tortillons (blend stick) – Paper towels may be used for blending large areas
  19. 19. Step-by-step-Sketch the figure lightly-Make adjustments to proportions and perspectives-Add mid-tones with smooth or textured marks maintaining whiteness where desired-Emphasize shadows by adding darker marks-Blend-Refine shadows and light
  20. 20. Critique: Discuss Elementsline Principlesshape Emphasis

Balance

Harmony

V ariety

Movement

Rhythm

Prlight and dark oportion

Unitymassvolumetextureperspective
  21. 21. ResearchChoose 2 figurative artists, one Old Master and one Modern Master, from thelists below. Write one aesthetic critique essay for each.Including: 1. time period 2. era/movement 3. elements of art 4. How are the artists similar? 5. How do they differ? LeonardoDa Vinci Albrecht Dürer Michelangelo Titian SandroBotticelli Raphael El Greco Caravaggio Peter Paul Rubens Nicolas Poussin Diego Velázquez Rembrandt van Rijn Johannes Vermeer Donatello Jacques David Francisco Goya Eugene Delacroix Theodore Gericault Joseph Turner Mary Cassat John Singer Sargent Auguste Renoir Edgar Degas Thomas Eakins Eduard Manet Jean Courbet Henri de Toulouse L’autrec James Whistler Frank Benson Theodore Robinson

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