Charcoal Lesson 3 For Unit Plan By Marie Max-Fritz
Sketching Portraits 9th gradePennsylvania AcademicStandards for the Arts andHumanities1.4 Medium8.19.1 Charcoal9.29.3 History184.108.40.206 The Old Masters to Moderns
Lesson Review• Overview of medium, process, research essay• History of artists• 2 Studio sessions• Extension: free time for research• Teacher and student critique• Research essays and final drawing due
Powdered CharcoalPowdered charcoal is used to:•create tonal values•usually over larger surfaces•easily erases and can be•darkened by adding layers.
Compressed Charcoal •Powdered with gum binder •round or square sticks •charcoal pencils.
Vine Charcoal• * Vine charcoal is willow or linden/Tilia twigs burnt into:• soft• medium• hard consistencies
Pure Charcoal•Very soft•Very dark tones•Very messy!
Getting Started• Clear drawing surface• Layout paper – horizontal for landscape viewpoint – or vertical for portrait viewpoint• Have drawing supplies ready – Charcoal, kneaded eraser, tortillons (blend stick) – Paper towels may be used for blending large areas
Step-by-step-Sketch the figure lightly-Make adjustments to proportions and perspectives-Add mid-tones with smooth or textured marks maintaining whiteness where desired-Emphasize shadows by adding darker marks-Blend-Refine shadows and light
Critique: Discuss Elementsline Principlesshape Emphasis Balance Harmony V ariety Movement Rhythm Prlight and dark oportion Unitymassvolumetextureperspective
ResearchChoose 2 figurative artists, one Old Master and one Modern Master, from thelists below. Write one aesthetic critique essay for each.Including: 1. time period 2. era/movement 3. elements of art 4. How are the artists similar? 5. How do they differ? LeonardoDa Vinci Albrecht Dürer Michelangelo Titian SandroBotticelli Raphael El Greco Caravaggio Peter Paul Rubens Nicolas Poussin Diego Velázquez Rembrandt van Rijn Johannes Vermeer Donatello Jacques David Francisco Goya Eugene Delacroix Theodore Gericault Joseph Turner Mary Cassat John Singer Sargent Auguste Renoir Edgar Degas Thomas Eakins Eduard Manet Jean Courbet Henri de Toulouse L’autrec James Whistler Frank Benson Theodore Robinson