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Program For The Future: The Commons as a collective intelligence meta-innovation

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Program For The Future: The Commons as a collective intelligence meta-innovation

  1. 1. <ul><ul><li>Program for the Future </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A Summit & Workshop on Collective Intelligence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2008-12-09 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Commons as a collective intelligence meta-innovation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mike Linksvayer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creative Commons </li></ul></ul>Photo by asadal · Licensed under CC Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 · http://flickr.com/photos/68242677@N00/2117153416/
  2. 2. Creative Commons .ORG <ul><li>Nonprofit organization, launched to public December 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>HQ and ccLearn in San Francisco </li></ul><ul><li>Science Commons division at MIT </li></ul><ul><li>~60 international jurisdiction projects, coordinated from Berlin </li></ul><ul><li>Foundation, corporate, and individual funding </li></ul><ul><li>Born at Stanford, supported by Silicon Valley </li></ul>
  3. 3. Enabling Reasonable Copyright <ul><li>Space between ignoring copyright and ignoring fair use & public good </li></ul><ul><li>Legal and technical tools enabling a “Some Rights Reserved” model </li></ul><ul><li>Like “free software” or “open source” for content/media </li></ul><ul><ul><li>But with more restrictive options </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Media is more diverse and at least a decade(?) behind software </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Six Mainstream Licenses
  5. 5. Lawyer Readable
  6. 6. Human Readable
  7. 7. Machine Readable <rdf:RDF xmlns=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns#&quot; xmlns:rdf=&quot;http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#&quot;> <License rdf:about=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/nl/&quot;> <permits rdf:resource=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns#Reproduction&quot;/> <permits rdf:resource=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns#Distribution&quot;/> <requires rdf:resource=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns#Notice&quot;/> <requires rdf:resource=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns#Attribution&quot;/> <prohibits rdf:resource=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns#CommercialUse&quot;/> <permits rdf:resource=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns#DerivativeWorks&quot;/> <requires rdf:resource=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns#ShareAlike&quot;/> </License> </rdf:RDF>
  8. 8. Machine Readable (Work) <ul><ul><li><span xmlns:cc=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns#&quot; xmlns:dc=&quot;http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/&quot;> <span rel=&quot; dc:type &quot; href=&quot; http://purl.org/dc/dcmitype/Text &quot; property=&quot; dc:title &quot; > My Book </span> by <a rel=&quot; cc:attributionURL &quot; property=&quot; cc:attributionName &quot; href=&quot; http://example.org/me &quot;> My Name </a> is licensed under a <a rel=&quot; license &quot; href=&quot; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ &quot; >Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License</a>. <span rel=&quot; dc:source &quot; href=&quot; http://example.net/her_book &quot; /> Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at <a rel=&quot; cc:morePermissions &quot; href=&quot; http://example.com/revenue_sharing_agreement &quot;>example.com</a>. </span> </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. DRMfree “ DRM Voodo” by psd licensed under CC BY 2.0 http://flickr.com/photos/psd/1806247462/
  10. 10. In Innovation, Meta is Max <ul><li>“The max net-impact innovations, by far, have been meta-innovations, i.e., innovations that changed how fast other innovations accumulated.” </li></ul><ul><li>Robin Hanson (Economist) </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.overcomingbias.com/2008/06/meta-is-max---i.html </li></ul>
  11. 11. Collective Intelligence <ul><li>Meta innovation? </li></ul>
  12. 12. Commons <ul><li>Meta innovation for Collective Intelligence? </li></ul>
  13. 13. $2.2 trillion <ul><li>Value of fair use in the U.S. Economy </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ccianet.org/artmanager/publish/news/First-Ever_Economic_Study_Calculates_Dollar_Value_of.shtml also see http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/7643 </li></ul>
  14. 16. Cyber terrorism (Cyber terror war on) Privacy breaches Loss of Generativity Lock-in Surveillance DRM Censorship Suppression of innovation Electoral fraud
  15. 17. Threat categories <ul><li>Legitimate security issues </li></ul><ul><li>Protectionism </li></ul><ul><li>Politics and power </li></ul><ul><li>Security theater and fear-based responses (driven by all of above, not just legitimate security issues) </li></ul>
  16. 18. What digital freedoms needed for beneficial collective intelligence? <ul><li>Keep same rights online/digitally that we (should anyway) have offline/IRL </li></ul><ul><li>Permit innovation and participation enabled by digital world even if not possible before (probably follows from above) </li></ul>
  17. 19. How building the commons (free software, free culture, and friends) helps
  18. 20. Security <ul><li>Data shows FLOSS is more secure </li></ul><ul><li>Security through obscurity doesn’t work </li></ul><ul><li>FLOSS encourages a heterogeneous computing environment </li></ul><ul><li>Free software and free culture both allergic to DRM and other mechanisms that sacrifice security to other goals </li></ul>
  19. 21. Protectionism <ul><li>Peer production undermines policy arguments for protecting knowledge industries </li></ul><ul><li>Free software and free culture both allergic to DRM </li></ul>
  20. 22. Politics and power <ul><li>Free software and culture improve transparency </li></ul><ul><li>... and the ability of all to participate </li></ul><ul><li>Peer production works against concentrated power — doesn’t require concentrated production structures and lowers barriers to entry </li></ul>
  21. 23. Security theater and fear <ul><li>Access to facts mitigates fear and allows rational evaluation of responses </li></ul><ul><li>Commons work against three previous threats that drive security theater and fear </li></ul>
  22. 24. Can the success of the (digital) commons alter how we view freedom and power generally?
  23. 25. <ul><li>“The gate that has held the movements for equalization of human beings strictly in a dilemma between ineffectiveness and violence has now been opened. The reason is that we have shifted to a zero marginal cost world. As steel is replaced by software, more and more of the value in society becomes non-rivalrous: it can be held by many without costing anybody more than if it is held by a few.” </li></ul><ul><li>Eben Moglen </li></ul>
  24. 26. <ul><li>“If we don’t want to live in a jungle, we must change our attitudes. We must start sending the message that a good citizen is one who cooperates when appropriate, not one who is successful at taking from others.” </li></ul><ul><li>Richard Stallman </li></ul>
  25. 27. i.e., we can form collective intelligences instead of forced collectives ... and still “change the world”
  26. 29. Building the commons is key to the future of collective intelligence <ul><li>Politicians and corporations are unimaginative ... they need to see solutions, or they react in fear </li></ul><ul><li>A dominant commons makes many collective stupidity scenarios much less likely </li></ul><ul><li>Beneficial collective intelligence needs universal access to culture, educational resources, research ... in machine-readable form </li></ul>
  27. 30. Much less Meta ... 2 of the excellent bootstrap(?) tools CC uses and builds <ul><li>Semantic MediaWiki ... turn your MediaWiki into a database and database application platform </li></ul><ul><li>RDFa ... bridging the Semantic Web and the Web we all use </li></ul>
  28. 31. <ul><li>License </li></ul><ul><li>http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ </li></ul><ul><li>Attribution </li></ul><ul><li>Author: Mike Linksvayer </li></ul><ul><li>Link: http://creativecommons.org </li></ul><ul><li>Questions? </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>Detail of image by psd · Licensed under CC Attribution 2.0 · http://flickr.com/photos/psd/1805374441

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