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Gothicarchitecture 2


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Gothicarchitecture 2

  1. 1. ARCHITECTURE21st December 2012 winter solstice outing: a walk in the old town
  2. 2. We shall follow this route but we’ll start at Sant Pere’s bastion(18) and finish at 1 (Town Hall))
  3. 3. On our way, we shall observe some emblematicGothic buildings: Sa Llotja, the Cathedral Gothic art evolved from Romanesque art and lasted from the mid-12th century to as late as the end of the 16th century in some areas. Some of its most distinctive features are:1. Pinnacles2. Gargoyles3. Stained glass windows4. Pointed arches5. Flying butresses6. Gothic vaults
  4. 4. Elements of the Gothic Architecture Stained Pointed Gothic Gothic Flying Gargoyles GlassPinnacles Arch Vault Buttresses Windows
  5. 5. 1 Pointed Pinnacles Enables Add strength buildings to and stability to reach new the structure heights To make it look light
  6. 6. Pointed PinnaclesPalma Cathedral
  7. 7. 2 Gargoyles Gargoyles came into gothic architecture in the early 13th The origins of the word century and are defined as "a gargoyle are derived from the waterspout, projecting from an old French word gargouille upper part of a building to throw meaning throat. water clear of walls or foundations." Gargoyles are frightening and intimidating sculptures - perfect for the likes of great Lords and Kings who built elaborate fortresses and castles in order to crush and intimidate the indigenous population.
  8. 8. Gargoyles
  9. 9. 3 Stained Glass Windows
  10. 10. Rose Stained Glass WindowsPalma Cathedral rose window
  11. 11. 4 Gothic Arch The walls of Gothic The Gothic architects and The Medieval Gothic Arch buildings could be thinner builders discovered the was a major feature of the because the weight of the amazing strength and architecture of the Middle roof was supported by the stability of using pointed Ages. arches rather than the arches. walls. The arch could not only Thinner walls had wider support greater weights window openings which The use of the Gothic arch but could also could span encouraged the use of gave the builders greater distances, allowing stained glass and the tremendous flexibility. vaults to be taller and magnificent Gothic Rose wider. Windows.
  12. 12. Gothic pointed archesPalma Cathedral
  13. 13. 5 Gothic Vaults Vaults reduced the risk of fire
  14. 14. Gothic VaultsPalma Cathedral Gothic vaults
  15. 15. Santa Creu
  16. 16. Romanesque (Barrel) VaultCompare Gothic to Romanesque Barrel Vaults
  17. 17. Barrel Vault
  18. 18. 6 Flying Butresses
  19. 19. Flying ButtressesPalma Cathedral
  20. 20. Llotja de laMercaderiaGothic civil architecture