United Nations Development Programme

Open Data

Marc Lepage
Knowledge & Innovation advisor,
UNDP regional center for Afri...
• What is open data?
• Benefits of open data

• Open data for …

–Government
–Aid efficiency
–Development
–Crisis informat...
open data is “data that can be freely used, reused and
redistributed by anyone – subject only, at most, to the
requirement...
Open

• data freely available

Accessible

• data easy to use and re-use

Searchable

• data easy to find

4
• 1 star: Available on the web (whatever format) but
with an open licence, to be Open Data

• 2 stars: Available as machin...
• Part of a broader move, including new Access to
Information Policy

• Builds on global Open Data initiatives
• Aim is to...
Before…

After…

Subscriptions

Free!

Custom query tool

New website, downloads, API

Restrictions on use Minimal restric...
• Users are encouraged to use the data.

–extract, download, and make copies
–Share with third parties.
• Attribution
• No...
9
There are several flavors of open data,
for instance open government data
helps to make data held by
governments accessibl...
Major examples of open
government data include transport
data (which has given cities like
New York applications to show
f...
1. Government should do the least possible and act as a

Facilitator – Build a platform and let others add to it
2. Engage...
1. Citizens are becoming data producers as well as data
consumers.
2. Citizens are changing the political landscape by bei...
14
15
• A client government wants to download and use HDR
data into internal systems

–In real time
–Inexpensively

–Without sig...
• A blogger wants to substantiate the opinion in her blog
with data based charts (that update in real time) from the
UNDP‟...
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
IATI & UNDP: promotes efficiency and re-use: Worst of all Worlds

26
IATI and UNDP: Promotes efficiency and re-use:
Publish once, use often

27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
Lack of overall strategy

The “Top Down” approach / culture
Cultural barriers

Legislation gap
Context gap

37
• Suggested approach: pilot under 3 criteria

–Low cost (under $1000/month)
–Fast

–Low effort
• 2 options:
a) custom deve...
• Start with one data set we feel comfortable with

• Test with stakeholders
• Confirm features/functions/scalability
• Le...
• The pilot will only include one data set
• (If needed) the pilot will include some basic design work required to
make th...
• OUTCOMES

– Establish the governance processes and structures to
support the larger launch
– Resolve security, legal, da...
Manual
upload

UNDP
applications

Open Data
U
N
D
P

API

Publish API

Mobile
applications
User interface

D
A
T
A

3rd pa...
ISSUES

STEPS

Who is going to take the lead?

KIC group to assist & offer for pilot

What data can be included in this se...
This is just the beginning…….

Availability of
data

Accessibility

Use of data

Engage /
change

44
marc.lepage@undp.org
@marclepage

45
• http://www.od4d.org
• http://openforchange.info

• http://www.slideshare.net/yajitha
• Open data group on Teamworks
• Ma...
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Open data for development

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  • UN 2.0 – A transparent, open organization
  • Data reuse means using data for purposes other than those it was collected for, including combining the data with other datasets. Redistribution means making the data available to other people. The data should be available in a machine-readable format, and available either free or at minimal cost (to cover the costs of reproduction etc if needed). Attribute means to acknowledge the original provider of the data, and sharealike means that any copy or adaptation of the data must be provided under the same or similar license as the original.
  • Open data is also released in different formats, some of which are more difficult to use than others (believe me, scraping pdfs is *hard*). Tim Berners-Lee created the 5-star system for open data, to encourage data providers to release easier-to-use data:
  • Here is USAID’s presentation of funding flows, not as current or as well-presented, but quite detailed.
  • Our key partners are pushing hard for open reporting of financial information. Here is the UK’s aid agency showing where the money is going. Notice the reporting is delayed weeks, not months or years.
  • Here is a visualization of UK development assistance. Notice the U.N. agencies.
  • Notice where UNDP is on the scale 55m of a 5.6 billion spend.
  • The MDTF has made a great step in showing funding flows….
  • Call on donors to fund, CSO to do it. Virtuous circle better access, better data…….pretty soon we will have 80% of ODA
  • Open data for development

    1. 1. United Nations Development Programme Open Data Marc Lepage Knowledge & Innovation advisor, UNDP regional center for Africa
    2. 2. • What is open data? • Benefits of open data • Open data for … –Government –Aid efficiency –Development –Crisis information management • Challenges • What next? 2
    3. 3. open data is “data that can be freely used, reused and redistributed by anyone – subject only, at most, to the requirement to attribute and sharealike”. 3
    4. 4. Open • data freely available Accessible • data easy to use and re-use Searchable • data easy to find 4
    5. 5. • 1 star: Available on the web (whatever format) but with an open licence, to be Open Data • 2 stars: Available as machine-readable structured data (e.g. excel instead of image scan of a table) • 3 stars: as (2) plus non-proprietary format (e.g. CSV instead of excel) • 4 stars: All the above plus, Use open standards from W3C (RDF and SPARQL) to identify things, so that people can point at your stuff • 5 stars: All the above, plus: Link your data to other people‟s data to provide context 5
    6. 6. • Part of a broader move, including new Access to Information Policy • Builds on global Open Data initiatives • Aim is to stimulate use of development data to help solve development problems: –economic benefits (growth and job creation), –improved public services and –more transparent and accountable government 6
    7. 7. Before… After… Subscriptions Free! Custom query tool New website, downloads, API Restrictions on use Minimal restrictions on use English +Spanish, French, Arabic, Chinese Not searchable Searchable Scattered datasets Data catalog 7
    8. 8. • Users are encouraged to use the data. –extract, download, and make copies –Share with third parties. • Attribution • No Endorsement • No Association • No Warranties 8
    9. 9. 9
    10. 10. There are several flavors of open data, for instance open government data helps to make data held by governments accessible to both applications and end-users. 10
    11. 11. Major examples of open government data include transport data (which has given cities like New York applications to show fastest routes on any day etc) and finance data (giving citizens visibility into how their money is spent). 11
    12. 12. 1. Government should do the least possible and act as a Facilitator – Build a platform and let others add to it 2. Engage entrepreneurs in developing applications using government data through workshops and forums 3. Develop Application Programme Interface (API) to support web developers for your data 4. When more people are working on the data, innovation happens 12
    13. 13. 1. Citizens are becoming data producers as well as data consumers. 2. Citizens are changing the political landscape by being more involved in the decision making process 3. Citizens are engaging other citizens to act through social networking tools 13
    14. 14. 14
    15. 15. 15
    16. 16. • A client government wants to download and use HDR data into internal systems –In real time –Inexpensively –Without significant human overheads • An NGO in Botswana wants to follow UNDP‟s project portfolio in democratic governance • A researcher wants to combine UNDP‟s HRD data with data from a country‟s planning commission to analyze trends 16
    17. 17. • A blogger wants to substantiate the opinion in her blog with data based charts (that update in real time) from the UNDP‟s project database • A UNDP staff member answers questions about UNDPs commitment to transparency • An independent application developer in Georgia wants to create a mobile application that tracks the flow of donor money to monitor election and help local civil society access the grants (case study here) 17
    18. 18. 18
    19. 19. 19
    20. 20. 20
    21. 21. 21
    22. 22. 22
    23. 23. 23
    24. 24. 24
    25. 25. 25
    26. 26. IATI & UNDP: promotes efficiency and re-use: Worst of all Worlds 26
    27. 27. IATI and UNDP: Promotes efficiency and re-use: Publish once, use often 27
    28. 28. 28
    29. 29. 29
    30. 30. 30
    31. 31. 31
    32. 32. 32
    33. 33. 33
    34. 34. 34
    35. 35. 35
    36. 36. 36
    37. 37. Lack of overall strategy The “Top Down” approach / culture Cultural barriers Legislation gap Context gap 37
    38. 38. • Suggested approach: pilot under 3 criteria –Low cost (under $1000/month) –Fast –Low effort • 2 options: a) custom development, piggybacking on the HDR‟s API b) open data platform 38
    39. 39. • Start with one data set we feel comfortable with • Test with stakeholders • Confirm features/functions/scalability • Learn from the experience • Identify more potential data sets • Continue evaluating other options (custom/platform) • Get ready for a larger launch 39
    40. 40. • The pilot will only include one data set • (If needed) the pilot will include some basic design work required to make the pilot site attractive and user-friendly • The pilot can be live within a week of final approval to proceed • The pilot should ideally run for no more than 2-3 months • One of the goals of the pilot will be to understand what additional features/tools must be bundled with the service to maximize the value of the service to clients • The pilot will also help the team understand the technical parameters required to fully launch the service • The pilot will also consider what communication/community approaches will be most effective during the larger launch 40
    41. 41. • OUTCOMES – Establish the governance processes and structures to support the larger launch – Resolve security, legal, data confidentiality, and other issues before the larger launch – Gain client/other stakeholder buy-in for the service – Establish the full bouquet of services that should be bundled with the final product – Work through a variety of „what‟s in it for me‟ client scenarios – Select a platform for the final launch 41
    42. 42. Manual upload UNDP applications Open Data U N D P API Publish API Mobile applications User interface D A T A 3rd party applications Community In scope (pilot) Analytics Visualizatio Downloads n Filters/rollups GIS 42
    43. 43. ISSUES STEPS Who is going to take the lead? KIC group to assist & offer for pilot What data can be included in this service (immediately, and in the long term) KIC group to consult internally What impact will the initiative have on our client relationships? Are there any pre-launch steps we need to take This will depend on the data sets we start with Can all open data services at UNDP be consolidated through the API that is being developed for HDR? HRD team and KIC group to consult What security clearances are required to launch this service Depends on the data set identified. Could be none. Double check with legal dept Who should manage the service? Which parts of UNDP should be involved KIC group What data management steps do we need to take to support the data requirements of the initiative (catalog, metadata, quality, more) Pilot will clarify Are there disclosure/copyright issues we should take into account? Depending on data sets. Consult with legal What about the quality of our data? Pilot will shed light into the possibility of feedback channel to get quality control from users Is there a resource constraint in terms of dealing with queries once the data is released? Use the pilot to get insights 43
    44. 44. This is just the beginning……. Availability of data Accessibility Use of data Engage / change 44
    45. 45. marc.lepage@undp.org @marclepage 45
    46. 46. • http://www.od4d.org • http://openforchange.info • http://www.slideshare.net/yajitha • Open data group on Teamworks • Mark Cardwell, open data evangelist at UNDP • Giuilio Quaggiotto, all things innovation at UNDP 46

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