Historical Development of Science and Technology •Century of the Genius •Industrial Revolution •18th and 19th Century •Modern EraPrepared by:Maria Niña C. Leonoras
•Emerged most fully during theEighteenth-century orEnlightenment Period.•Age of Enlightenment is also knownas Age of Reason.•Science during the 18th century fallsinto two categories: •Baroque Period •Classical Period
Started in the 17th century andlasted to the early 18th century;lasted into the early 19th century.
Birthplace: Pisa, ItalyBest Known As: The inventor of the astronomical telescopeDiscovered a number of natural lawsInvented the microscopeConstucted a telescope“Father of Modern Astronomy”“Father of Modern Physics”“Father of Science”
Birthplace: Weil der Stadt, Wurttemberg (now Germany)Best Known As: The astronomer who explained planetary motionEngaged in the study of astronomy and developed the lawsof planetary motion.1. “The orbit of a planet about a star is an ellipse with the star at one focus.2. A line joining a planet and its star sweeps out equal intervals of time.3. The squares of the orbital periods of planet are directly proportional to the cubes of the semi-major axis of the orbits.
Birthplace: La Haye, FranceBest Known As: The philosopher who said "I think, therefore I amOften called the father of modern science.He took as his philosophical starting point the statement Cogito ergo sum -- "I think, therefore I am.“made major contributions to modern mathematics, especially in developing the Cartesian coordinate system and advancing the theory of equations.
Birthplace: Clermont-Ferrand, FranceBest Known As: 17th century mathematical geniusA prodigy in math, Blaise Pascal was a contemporary and rivalof René Descartes.He published a significant work on the geometry of conicalsections when he was only sixteen; he invented a calculatingmachine by the time he was nineteen; he and Pierre de Fermatfounded the modern theory of probability; he described theprinciple that is the basis for the hydraulic press (called PascalsLaw); and he proved that there was a vacuum above theatmosphere.
Birthplace: Beaumont-de-Lomagne, FranceBest Known As: Pascal’s correspondence in the formation of themodern theory of probability.He is particularly famous for his last theorem, which hediscovered in about 1637, and of which he claimed he had amarvellous demonstration.He became a judge, but he had a passion for mathematics andobtained many mathematical theorems, which he communicatedto fellow mathematicians, always remaining very secretive abouthis proofs.
Birthplace: Woolsthorpe, Lincolnshire, EnglandBest Known As: The genius who explained gravity Newton helped define the laws of gravity and planetary motion,co-founded the field of calculus, and explained laws of light andcolor, among many other discoveries.
Birthplace: Lismore Castle, County Waterford, IrelandBest Known As: 17th century chemist who came up with Boyleslaw (law of pressure)Robert Boyle was a 17th century intellectual whose emphasis onexperimentation and quantification helped lay the foundation formodern chemistry.He is known for Boyles law, which states that the pressure andvolume of gas at a constant temperature have an inverselyproportional relationship
Birthplace: Folkstone, LondonBest Known As: Studied the circulation of blood and function ofthe heart Harvey understood that the heart pumped blood from the atriainto the ventricles and then into the rest of the circulatory system,he had no knowledge of the influence of oxygen in the blood norknowledge of the existence of capillaries.
Birthplace: Capodistria, VeniceBest Known As: Invented body thermometerItalian physician, a pupil of Galileo at PaduaMeasured his own weight, weight of food consumed and urine andfaeces produced, and attributed the difference to ‘insensibleperspiration’, which we would now call metabolism leading tocarbon dioxide production.
• Process of change from an agrarian, handicraft economy to one dominated by industry and machine manufacture.• Process began in England in the 18th century and from there spread to the rest of the world.
Technological Changes:1. Use of new basic materials, chiefly iron and steel2. Use of new energy source3. Invention of new mqachines4. New organization of work known as the factory system5. Important developments in transportation and communication6. Increasing application of science to industry
• By definition, it lasted from 1801-1900 according to the Gregorian Calendar.• Lead to the second Industrial Revolution through the invention of useable electricity, steel and petroleum products.• Age of machine tools (tools that made tools)• Assembly line speed up factory production• Gave birth to professional scientist
• Science through the 20th century• Inventions have progressed at an accelerated rate• Began the infancy of airplanes, automobiles, spaceships, computers, cell phones and wireless internet.
• Science of microengineering. (deals with particle manipulation if those particles are smaller than 100 nanometers.• Essential core is atomic and molecular manipulation.
• “Screenagers”• Digital Students• Can absorb great deal of information at super-charged speed• Masters of varifying types of technology• Innovators, creative designers, critical thinkers, collaborators, complex problem- solvers• Students who learn while having fun.