The Politics for Public Schools


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Presentation given 11/2/2012 by Mary Cecconi (Parents United for Public Schools) for Minnesota Literacy Council AmeriCorps VISTA members.

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The Politics for Public Schools

  1. 1. Parents United An independent, Minnesota grown statewide grass- roots organization committed to Minnesota’s leadership in quality E-16 public education. Believe in public schools and believe those schools need to be supported by the public—philosophically as well as financially
  2. 2. Education is a constitutional mandate Minnesota Constitution, Article 13, Section 1 …it is the duty of the legislature to establish a general and uniform system of public schools. The legislature shall make such provisions by taxation or otherwise as will secure a thorough and efficient system of public schools throughout the state.
  3. 3. The state provides the lion’s share of district funding Per pupil formula (Set by State Legislature) x AMCPU (Adjusted Marginal Cost Pupil Unit) = District Operating Funds
  4. 4. E-12 General Fund State Aid /ADM Adjusted for Inflation20%15%10% 5% 0% -5%-10%-15%-20% FY03 FY04 FY05 FY06 FY07 FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11 Unadjusted Using CPI Using IPD
  5. 5. Percent Change in General Revenue/ADM, FY 2003 to FY 2011 Excluding Referendums Adjusted For IPD 40% 30% 20% 10% 0%-10% -9.7% -13.0%-20% -15.2% -14.9% -15.1% -14.0% -14.1% Mpls& St Paul Other Metro Other Metro Nonmetro Nonmetro Nonmetro Charter Inner Ring Outer Ring >=2K 1K-2K < 1K
  6. 6. Minnesota school districts respond 350• 1990 47% of school 300 districts in the state of Minnesota had levies in 250 place 200 # of schools with levies• By 2011 that number rose 150 to 90% 100 50 0 1989 2008
  7. 7. Change in Per Pupil Funding Since FY 2003 State Total* $1,500 Levy $1,000 Revenue State Aid $500 Change Since FY 2003 $- $(500) $(1,000) $(1,500) 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011*Change dince FY 2003 in per pupil operating levy, Fiscal Year (FY)aid, and revenue in constant FY 2011 dollars Minnesota 2020
  8. 8. Our New NormalMinnesota Miracle Every District for Itself
  9. 9. Requirements for public schools grew while revenue did not• Testing• Standards• Special education mandates• Transportation• English Language Learning• Health and safety mandates• HIV/AIDS Sex Education• Drug/Alcohol Abuse Education• Bus Safety• Title 1 programs• 100% Rule
  10. 10. 100%
  11. 11. Our 21st century students• Are digital natives• Live in the world of Google, Wikipedia, Facebook• Live in a global world—getting flatter each day• Use “just in time” learning, not “just in case”• Respond best to relevant learning and assessment• Have an expectation of differentiated instruction
  12. 12. Minnesota’s new K12 majoritySource: AMSD
  13. 13. Minnesota Students living in Poverty40% 37% 35%35% 33% 32% 30% 31% 30%30% 28% 27%25%20%15%10% 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
  14. 14. AND our kids are poorer Kids Count findingsMost recent data shows: – Between 2000 and 2009 child poverty increased by 62% in Minnesota – Minnesota is the only state with a significant increase in uninsured children between 2008 and 2010 – The number of children living in poverty in Minnesota is at the highest level of the decade – 75% of children in poverty have all parents in the workplace – 39% of Minnesota jobs pay too little to afford basic needs for a family of four even with two parents working – Children under 5 live in poverty at a higher rate than any other age group – 20% of Asian children, 26% of Hispanic/Latino children and 45% of African American children live in poverty – Three states had higher poverty rates among Black children than Minnesota-- Mississippi, Louisiana and Oklahoma Source: Children’s Defense Fund
  15. 15. And it matters because? Kindergarten Readiness Brookings Institute Language Mathematical thinking
  16. 16. Our gaps start early… % of Minneapolis Kindergarteners Ready for SchoolSource: oneMinneapolis: Community Indicators Report, October 2011, The Minneapolis Foundation and the Wilder Foundation
  17. 17. Minnesota 2010 Earnings By Education2010 ACS
  18. 18. Unemployment Rates Are highly Correlated With Education Unemployment Rates For Minnesotans Age 25-442010 ACS PUMS
  19. 19. Special education students
  20. 20. 100%
  21. 21. Failing System ora Design ProblemAnd the question?Who is designing the new one?
  22. 22. 100%
  23. 23. 80%/20%
  24. 24. Budget Pressures Will Change More 65+ Than School Age by 2020Census counts & State Demographer projection, revised Jan 2012
  25. 25. If State Health Care Costs Continue Their CurrentTrend, State Spending On Other Services Can’t Grow 9% 8.5%Annual Ave Growth 2008-2033 8% 7% 6% 5% 3.9% 4% 3% 2% 1% 0.2% 0% Revenue Health Care Education & All Other General Fund Spending Outlook, presentation to the Budget Trends Commission, August 2008, Dybdal, Reitan and Broat
  26. 26. We hear a lot about REFORM
  27. 27. Direction of current reforms• Accountability – More testing – Teacher/principal evaluation--35% based on test scores• Competition – Grading schools A-F – Vouchers, tax credits and scholarship programs to deal with challenged students• Changing Governance – Parent trigger laws – Expansions of charter schools – Mayoral control of schools
  28. 28. The right direction?Are these the levers that provide for the creation of a new system?
  29. 29. 2013• A funding year• $1.1 B deficit + still owe schools $3 B• Current school funding shift 64%/36%• An ever increasing reliance on local levies• And always, always policy
  30. 30. What Parents United is doing to keep the public engaged in “the work” of public schools• Work with parents, foundations, educators and media around the state drawing attention to the impact of federal/state funding and policy decisions on local schools• Keep a website current with articles, events and Capitol hearing schedules• Build relationships with the Governor’s office, MDE, majority and minority leadership• Collaborate with other education advocacy groups• During session: – Monitor all education committees – Track and analyze proposed legislation – Provide this information in weekly updates during session
  31. 31. What you can do to be part of the conversation1) Sign on to Parents United’s E-list2) Read the Updates each week, talk with others3) Help your community understand the impact of schools4) Ask your elected officials to meet with a small group at your school5) Visit an education committee meeting at the Capital6) Attend a Parents United event
  32. 32. “Somebody has to dosomething, and it’s justincredibly pathetic that it has to be us” Jerry Garcia Learn Network Act
  33. 33. 100%
  34. 34. What worksStudent -centered schoolsAuthentic learning, diagnostic and relevant testingRigorous academics that prepare for college and careerSchools designed around student need with a variety of models, schedules and calendarsSystems that see bilingualism and multiculturalism as assetsExcellent educatorsPreparation and support of great teachers and principalsResearch and evaluation to improve teaching and learningEngaged communitiesResearch-based family engagement modelsPolicies and investments to assist communities in ensuring healthy studentsInvestmentInvest in early educationPredictable and dependable school funding
  35. 35. 43
  36. 36. 2012 Signed Education Bills• HF2244 School Trust Lands• HF2506 CPR training required and staff development elimination• SF 1073 Strongly encourages school districts to assist students to develop transition plans into postsecondary education or career - The bill also strongly encourages school districts to have an adequate student-to-counselor ratio beginning in the 2015-16 school year• HF2078 Nonpublic pupil textbook aid use expansion• HF1524 Substitute principals continuing education requirements clarification• HF2376 School food service fund equipment purchase approval process simplified• HF392 School bus crossing control arm requirement• HF300 Student school entrance comprehensive eye examinations parental recommendation requirement• HF1770 Teacher candidates required to pass basic skills exam• SF1213 Adult education performance tracking system modifications• HF1585 Interscholastic conference membership state high school league arrangement requirement exception authorization• SF946 School district pilot project established to examine joint operations to provide innovative delivery of programs and activities and share resources.
  37. 37. Vetoed Education bills• SF 2183 Prohibiting the Commissioner of Education from enforcing unadopted rules• HF1766 Related to the deduction of union dues from Child Care Assistance Program payments• HF2083 Omnibus education finance appropriations Using state reserves to accelerate school shift payback.• SF1656 A bill which would require legislative approval of state academic standards and graduation requirements• HF1870 LIFO bill
  38. 38. Parents United for Public Schools“What the best and wisest parent wants for his own child, that must the community want for all its children.” –John Dewey Learn Network Act