Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Attribution theory

Related Books

Free with a 30 day trial from Scribd

See all

Related Audiobooks

Free with a 30 day trial from Scribd

See all
  • Be the first to comment

Attribution theory

  1. 1. Misha Hawkins, BSN, RN
  2. 2. • Introduced by Fritz Heider in 1958. • Attribution refers to “the process of explaining one's own behavior and the behavior of others” (, 2011). • The Attribution Theory discusses how people describe events and experiences in their lives and how they adapt to the results of those actions. OVERVIEW OF THE ATTRIBUTION THEORY
  3. 3. • The rationale behind the theory is to recognize why a situation happened so that future events can be anticipated and controlled. • The theory proposes that people’s actions are attributable to internal and external factors. • Situational or Dispositional • Most people state that they are able to explain or “attribute” the causes of someone’s or their own behavior or actions. OVERVIEW OF THE ATTRIBUTION THEORY
  4. 4. • The Attribution theory can be used to explain the difference in motivation between high and low doers. • High achievers will attempt, rather than evade, responsibilities related to prospering. • High achievers believe that failure is considered to be caused by bad luck and is not their fault. STRENGTHS OF THE THEORY
  5. 5. • The Attribution Theory can used for people to blame others and avoid personal convictions. • Low achievers avoid activities that lean towards success because they tend to doubt their abilities or skills. • Low achievers presume accomplishments are related to luck or other factors beyond their control, not themselves. WEAKNESSES OF THE THEORY
  6. 6. • The theory is a great method to use to create a sense of motivation for a person or a group of people. • People tend to interpret their environment that will create a positive self image. • Causes issues with judgment of self and others. PERSONAL PERSPECTIVE OF THE THEORY
  7. 7. • Leaders should have an understanding of their staff’s reaction to certain situations. • Leaders should identify characteristics that guide attributions for achievement. • The theory provides an outlet for management to allow their staff to have feelings of self-efficacy. • Management should also be able to gauge cause and effect of specific situations. USEFULNESS OF THE THEORY IN MANAGEMENT PRACTICE
  8. 8. • Use to set strategic learning goals • Motivation • Use of prediction of behaviors RECOMMENDATIONS FOR USE OF THE THEORY
  10. 10. Nursing Planet (2011). Attribution Theory. Retrieved from Clark, C.C. (2009). Creative nursing leadership and management. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett. Furst, S.A., & Cable, D.M., (2008). Employee resistance to organizational change: Managerial influence tactics and leader–member exchange. Journal of Applied Psychology, 93(2), 453–462. Gibson, J. L., Ivancevich, J. M., Donnelly, J. H., & Konopaske, R. (2012). Organizations: behavior, structure, processes (14th ed). New York: McGraw-Hill. Lagnado, D.A., & Channon, S. (2008). Judgments of cause and blame: The effects of intentionality and foreseeability. Cognition, 108(3), 754-770. REFERENCES

    Be the first to comment

    Login to see the comments

  • FeliciaAsaaSarpong

    Nov. 8, 2016
  • enelesabsalum

    Nov. 24, 2016
  • Felicia122

    Dec. 2, 2016
  • vivinsaravan

    Dec. 13, 2016
  • JovialRwegz

    May. 20, 2017
  • HamzaNawaz14

    Sep. 10, 2017
  • KrishnaPathak23

    Nov. 20, 2017
  • SajithDas4

    Dec. 1, 2017
  • UmerHafeez5

    Dec. 6, 2017
  • DuaZahra10

    Dec. 10, 2017
  • NagmaNagpal

    Dec. 24, 2017
  • SijoSwty

    Mar. 14, 2018
  • TsuwehYaMastep

    Apr. 7, 2018
  • lhauiesabas28

    Jul. 9, 2018
  • MaryRoseNartates

    Dec. 5, 2018
  • MerajuddinBuksh

    Mar. 26, 2019
  • Animencher

    Nov. 12, 2019
  • ElaphKhdir

    Jun. 19, 2020
  • SumedhaSrivastava4

    Nov. 8, 2020
  • SreejithaMinnu

    Nov. 10, 2020


Total views


On Slideshare


From embeds


Number of embeds