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Ds presentation ed300

  1. 1. DownSyndrome Mariah Bronson
  2. 2. What is Down Syndrome? Chromosomal disorder (Nielson, 2010)  Nonjunction created three copies of chromosome 21  Also referred to as Trisomy 21  Confirmed through chromosomal test Most prevalent of all chromosomal disorders Characteristics include (Nielson, 2010):  Speech and hearing impairments  Upward slanting of the eyes  Heart and gastrointestinal defects
  3. 3. A Little History… 1866- The identified syndrome was first published (“downsyndrome.com”, 2011)  Credited to English physician John Langdon Down  Noting what he considered similar facial features between these clients and the Mongolians, he referred to these people as “mongoloids” 1959- Discovery of Down Syndrome as a chromosomal abnormality (“downsyndrome.com, 2011)  Credited to French physician Jerome Lejeune
  4. 4. A Childhood with Down Syndrome The average age expectancy for a child with down syndrome in just 1929 was age 9  Now it is common for an individual to live until age 55 or beyond (Schoenstadt, 2009)  The IQ range of a child with Down Syndrome ranges from between a 30-80 average (Nielsen, 2011)  Yet some are rated as high as 120  Cases range from moderate to severe  Many programs now exist to promote the success of these youngsters
  5. 5. Education Needs A protected class under IDEA (Scott, 2012)  Guaranteed appropriate education from age 3-21 Down Syndrome students show all signs of being heavily visual and kinesthetic learners (Nielson, 2011)  Poor short term memory also common  visual and kinesthetic teaching methods help to overcome this The Buddy System (Nielson, 2011)  The Down Syndrome student is placed with a classmate generally well liked by the student population  This „buddy‟ plays a crucial role in the Down Syndrome student making meaningful relationships with others
  6. 6. Down Syndrome as an Adult The average age expectancy for a child with down syndrome in just 1929 was 9 years of age  Thanks to modern medicine, it is common for person with Down Syndrome to live until age 55 or beyond (Schoenstadt, 2009)  A generation of Down Syndrome children are now able to reach well into adulthood- what happens beyond their public school education?
  7. 7. Down Syndrome as an Adult Not only are they living longer, but also fuller and more meaningful lives (Schoenstadt, 2009)  Many develop the skills to hold a job and live semi-independant lives  Not uncommon to marry Dementia and Alzheimer‟s Disease (Schoenstadt, 2009)  Often strikes before the age of 40 A touching look into the lives of adults with Down Syndrome (Sullivan, 2012)  http://youtu.be/VMnY5578YQ0
  8. 8. Works Citeddownsyndrome.com. (2011, Jan 14). Retrieved fromhttp://downsyndrome.com/history-of-down-syndrome/Nielsen, L. B. (2010). Brief reference of student disabilities --withstrategies for the classroom. Thousand Oaks: Corwin Pr.Schoenstadt, A. (2009, March 6). emedtv. Retrieved from http://down-syndrome.emedtv.com/down-syndrome/adults-with-down-syndrome.htmlScott, C. I. (2012, February ). kidshealth.org. Retrieved fromhttp://kidshealth.org/parent/medical/genetic/down_syndrome.htmlSullivan, A. (Producer) (2012, May 14). What would you do?. WhatWould You Do?. [Audio podcast]. Retrieved fromhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VMnY5578YQ0