What is Down Syndrome? Chromosomal disorder (Nielson, 2010) Nonjunction created three copies of chromosome 21 Also referred to as Trisomy 21 Confirmed through chromosomal test Most prevalent of all chromosomal disorders Characteristics include (Nielson, 2010): Speech and hearing impairments Upward slanting of the eyes Heart and gastrointestinal defects
A Little History… 1866- The identified syndrome was first published (“downsyndrome.com”, 2011) Credited to English physician John Langdon Down Noting what he considered similar facial features between these clients and the Mongolians, he referred to these people as “mongoloids” 1959- Discovery of Down Syndrome as a chromosomal abnormality (“downsyndrome.com, 2011) Credited to French physician Jerome Lejeune
A Childhood with Down Syndrome The average age expectancy for a child with down syndrome in just 1929 was age 9 Now it is common for an individual to live until age 55 or beyond (Schoenstadt, 2009) The IQ range of a child with Down Syndrome ranges from between a 30-80 average (Nielsen, 2011) Yet some are rated as high as 120 Cases range from moderate to severe Many programs now exist to promote the success of these youngsters
Education Needs A protected class under IDEA (Scott, 2012) Guaranteed appropriate education from age 3-21 Down Syndrome students show all signs of being heavily visual and kinesthetic learners (Nielson, 2011) Poor short term memory also common visual and kinesthetic teaching methods help to overcome this The Buddy System (Nielson, 2011) The Down Syndrome student is placed with a classmate generally well liked by the student population This „buddy‟ plays a crucial role in the Down Syndrome student making meaningful relationships with others
Down Syndrome as an Adult The average age expectancy for a child with down syndrome in just 1929 was 9 years of age Thanks to modern medicine, it is common for person with Down Syndrome to live until age 55 or beyond (Schoenstadt, 2009) A generation of Down Syndrome children are now able to reach well into adulthood- what happens beyond their public school education?
Down Syndrome as an Adult Not only are they living longer, but also fuller and more meaningful lives (Schoenstadt, 2009) Many develop the skills to hold a job and live semi-independant lives Not uncommon to marry Dementia and Alzheimer‟s Disease (Schoenstadt, 2009) Often strikes before the age of 40 A touching look into the lives of adults with Down Syndrome (Sullivan, 2012) http://youtu.be/VMnY5578YQ0
Works Citeddownsyndrome.com. (2011, Jan 14). Retrieved fromhttp://downsyndrome.com/history-of-down-syndrome/Nielsen, L. B. (2010). Brief reference of student disabilities --withstrategies for the classroom. Thousand Oaks: Corwin Pr.Schoenstadt, A. (2009, March 6). emedtv. Retrieved from http://down-syndrome.emedtv.com/down-syndrome/adults-with-down-syndrome.htmlScott, C. I. (2012, February ). kidshealth.org. Retrieved fromhttp://kidshealth.org/parent/medical/genetic/down_syndrome.htmlSullivan, A. (Producer) (2012, May 14). What would you do?. WhatWould You Do?. [Audio podcast]. Retrieved fromhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VMnY5578YQ0