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European Benchmarks for the Chinese Languages - the Application of CEFR to the Upgrading of Mandarin Chinese courses at Queen's University BelfastDr Liang Wang

A presentation given at the 17th Association of University Language Centres Conference on 7th-8th January 2016.

1 of 24
17th AULC Conference
Cardiff University
Dr. Liang Wang
Queen’s University Belfast
European Benchmarks for the Chinese language
– The proposed applications of CEFR to the
upgrading of Mandarin Chinese courses at QUB
Outline
Mandarin Chinese at Queen’s
The EBCL Project - recap
 Outcomes
 Challenges
The proposed applications
 Content
 Activities
 Assessment
22
Queen’s University
Belfast
The map of Chinese-speaking world
333
UK
Europe
Queen’s University
Belfast
Chinese communities in Belfast
444
Queen’s University
Belfast
55
Mandarin Chinese at Queen’s
Taster course (online)
 A Taste of Mandarin Chinese
IWLP
 Mandarin Chinese
Degree module
 International Business with
Mandarin Chinese
Queen’s University
Belfast
66
Mandarin Chinese at Queen’s
A Taste of Mandarin Chinese
 Canvas platform
 Self-paced online learning
 ‘Stepping stone’
 Language knowledge
 Basic tasks
• Read pinyin
• Learn to count
• Dates
• Greetings
• Introductions
• Nationality
Queen’s University
Belfast

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European Benchmarks for the Chinese Languages - the Application of CEFR to the Upgrading of Mandarin Chinese courses at Queen's University BelfastDr Liang Wang

  • 1. 17th AULC Conference Cardiff University Dr. Liang Wang Queen’s University Belfast European Benchmarks for the Chinese language – The proposed applications of CEFR to the upgrading of Mandarin Chinese courses at QUB
  • 2. Outline Mandarin Chinese at Queen’s The EBCL Project - recap  Outcomes  Challenges The proposed applications  Content  Activities  Assessment 22 Queen’s University Belfast
  • 3. The map of Chinese-speaking world 333 UK Europe Queen’s University Belfast
  • 4. Chinese communities in Belfast 444 Queen’s University Belfast
  • 5. 55 Mandarin Chinese at Queen’s Taster course (online)  A Taste of Mandarin Chinese IWLP  Mandarin Chinese Degree module  International Business with Mandarin Chinese Queen’s University Belfast
  • 6. 66 Mandarin Chinese at Queen’s A Taste of Mandarin Chinese  Canvas platform  Self-paced online learning  ‘Stepping stone’  Language knowledge  Basic tasks • Read pinyin • Learn to count • Dates • Greetings • Introductions • Nationality Queen’s University Belfast
  • 7. 77 Mandarin Chinese at Queen’s IWLP (Language for Non- Specialists)  2 hours per week  10 weeks  Twice per academic year  4 levels  No exams Conversational skills  Pinyin vs. Chinese characters  Speaking vs. writing Queen’s University Belfast
  • 8. 88 Mandarin Chinese at Queen’s International Business with Mandarin Chinese MCH 1001 Mandarin Chinese 1 Stages Year 2 Year 4 Year 3 (Placement in China) Year 1 MCH 2001 Mandarin Chinese 3 MCH 3001 Mandarin Chinese 5 Study Abroad (during vacations) Modules MCH 1002 Mandarin Chinese 2 MCH 2002 Mandarin Chinese 4 MCH 3002 Mandarin Chinese 6 • Language knowledge, skills & cultural awareness • Intensive course for Week 1, Semester 1 • Enhanced language skills for communication in real- life context with intercultural awareness • Enhanced language skills for professional communication with practical skills Features Queen’s University Belfast
  • 9. CEFR and EBCL  European Benchmarking Chinese Language Project (Nov 2010 – Dec 2012) 99  Common European Framework of References for Languages  From Europe to elsewhere http://ebcl.eu.com/ Queen’s University Belfast
  • 10. EBCL outcomes 1010  CEFR applicable to Chinese language to a large extent, esp. in spoken activities  More time allocated for character writing  The concept of partial competence development  A1.1 – A2+ level descriptors and samples  Reception (6 categories)  Production (5 categories)  Interaction (9 categories)  Graphemic control  Reception (5 categories)  Production (3 categories)  Interaction (3 categories)  Strategies (7 categories) Spoken Written Queen’s University Belfast
  • 11. 11 EBCL outcomes 11  Can-do statements – Topics – Language Functions – Lexical items and samples  EBCL provides scaffolding, but not an immediate solution, to the standardization of language levels, course content and assessment design Queen’s University Belfast
  • 12. 12 EBCL challenges 12  Use of Chinese in Europe vs. use of Chinese in Greater China  Overlapping  Complementary (variety)  Suitable corpora of real-life language use?  Socio-cultural differences affect linguistic practice  Conceptual e.g. ‘church’ 教堂  Knowing vs. doing e.g. 你吃了吗?(Have you eaten yet?) 你上班去吗?(Are you going to work?)  Pedagogical materials adopted from real-life resources, and communicative activity design Queen’s University Belfast
  • 13. 13 The proposed applications at Queen’s (Partial) competence development 13 Reception (Spoken/Written) Production (Spoken/Written) Interaction (Spoken/Written) Linguistic knowledge (pronunciation, character, grammar, etc.) Queen’s University Belfast
  • 14. 14 The proposed applications at Queen’s 14  A ‘Can-do’ approach in line with CEFR/EBCL Chinese taster course – receptive: recognise/identify, understand IWLP – Chinese – interactive/productive: understand, respond, interact (spoken), produce (spoken) Chinese for degree module – receptive, interactive and productive: understand, respond, interact (spoken/written), produce (spoken/written) Queen’s University Belfast
  • 15. 1515  A Taste of Mandarin Chinese Queen’s University Belfast
  • 16. 1616  A Taste of Mandarin Chinese Queen’s University Belfast
  • 17. 1717  Mandarin Chinese Level 1 Topics and outcomes – original Queen’s University Belfast
  • 18. 1818  Mandarin Chinese Level 1 Topic – Family Outcomes based on EBCL descriptors Can understand and produce simple phrases and expressions related to very basic personal and family information Can ask and answer simple questions, initiate and respond to simple statements about one’s family Can handle numbers Queen’s University Belfast
  • 19. 1919  Mandarin Chinese Level 1 Topic – Family Activity – Reception Spoken  Instruction: Listen to the person talking about his family. Please select the correct answer according to the statement that you hear.  Audio: Wǒ jiā yǒu yéye, nǎinai, bàba, māma hé wǒ. (Lit. My family has grandpa, grandma, dad, mum and I.)  Question: How many people are there in this family? 1) sì kǒu rén (4 people) 2) wǔ kǒu rén (5 people) 3) bā kǒu rén (8 people) 4) liù kǒu rén (6 people) Queen’s University Belfast
  • 20. 2020  Mandarin Chinese Level 1  Activity – Production Spoken  Instruction: Please briefly introduce your family – say how many people there are and who they are.  Speaker: Wǒ jiā yǒu wǔ kǒu rén, wǒ yéye, nǎinai, bàba, māma hé wǒ. (Lit. My family has 5 people, my grandpa, grandma, dad, mum and I.)  Activity – Interaction Spoken  Instruction: Please run a quick survey of your class by asking about each other’s family information – how many and who they are.  Speaker 1: Nǐ hǎo! Qǐngwèn, nǐ jiā yǒu jǐ kǒu rén? Tāmen shì shuí? Speaker 2: Nǐ hǎo! Wǒ jiā yǒu wǔ kǒu rén, wǒ yéye, nǎinai, bàba, māma hé wǒ. Nǐ jiā ne? Speaker 1: Wǒ jiā yǒu … Queen’s University Belfast
  • 21. 2121  International Business with Mandarin Chinese  Knowledge-based  Action-oriented  Life-like tasks  Formative + Summative Queen’s University Belfast
  • 22. 22 Assessment 22  How to highlight the relationship between outcomes in terms of language competence (i.e. can-do statements) with linguistic evidence? Linguistic knowledge vs. language performance Actions vs. words  Descriptor: I can ask and answer simple questions, initiate and respond to simple statements about one’s family.  Evidence: - Nǐ jiā yǒu jǐ kǒu rén? - Tāmen shì shuí? - … Developing a Chinese language portfolio? Queen’s University Belfast
  • 23. 23 Assessment 23  How to design activities to approximate real-life situations? Social resources vs pedagogical materials Intercultural authenticity A balance between the target culture and the native culture Queen’s University Belfast
  • 24. 24 Questions? 24  For further contact: liang.wang@qub.ac.uk Queen’s University Belfast