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Education in Estonia: PISA and e-learning


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Education in Estonia: PISA and e-learning

  1. 1. E-learning innovation in Estonia Mart Laanpere, PhD Head of the Centre for Educational Technology Tallinn University
  2. 2. Estonia: facts & figures O Population: 1,3 million O Tallinn: 400 000 O Area: larger than the Netherlans O Estonian is the mother tongue: 65% O In NATO: since 2003 O In EU: since 2004 O In Schengen: since 2007 O EURO currency: since 2011 O 520 K-12 schools, 14 000 teachers, 148 000 pupils
  3. 3. Teacher’s salary
  4. 4. PISA results 2006 2009 2012 Maths 7% 4 13% 3 10% 1 Reading 12% 3 12% 2 9% 1 Science 7% 2 8% 2 5% 1
  5. 5. In addition O Estonian pupils are the most active users of e-school and school web site O Only 66% of Estonian pupils feel happy at school O Only 14% on the level 5-6 (maths) O Boys’ reading skills are worse O Differences between schools with Estonian and Russian language of instruction
  6. 6. IT in schools: Estonian Juku computers E-mail projects, PCs for schools 1986 Tiger Leap Foundation, 1st strategy 1993 Internet arrives Estonia New national curriculum 1989 1997 Graduated teachers’ college Became school principal In TLF regional committee
  7. 7. Miksike, Teachers portal New nat-l curriculum, Moodle TigerLeap + Intel TTF, Digital content 1998 CNC, anima, variety of trainings 2002 E-uni, IT Foundation 2001 2004 IT in teacher ed, VIKO, MA Educ. multimedia Tiger in Focus, IVA, DigiDidaktika TiF 2, study on IT & school culture WebCT arrives Estonia
  8. 8. 3rd strategy: Learning Tiger Havike TLF strategy, indicators, SITES, iTEC 2006 Nat-l strategy of lifelong learning 2020 2010 New nat-l curriculum, iPads 2008 2013 Calibrate, LeMill, TATS, PETS, Deer Leap Koolielu portal, MA EdTech, OER, EduFeedr Dippler, TEL@workpla ceDLE, DigiComp E-VET
  9. 9. IEA SITES 2006-2008
  10. 10. Vocabulary shifts in national ICT strategies for education O 1986: programming is the second literacy for each citizen of the Soviet Union! O 1997: school computerisation, use of IT O 2001: ICT integration in schools & curricula O 2006: e-learning environments, methods O 2012: learning and teaching in the digital age
  11. 11. Tiger Leap: ups & downs O Success factors: O Flexibility, support for innovators, agility O IT managers in schools, infrastructure upgrades O Well designed and managed teacher training O TLF: small team (no IT experts), NGO, funding, PR O Failures: O Collaboration with different partners O Little research, no evidence-based policies O Moore’s chasm not crossed O Loss of vision, replacing with indicators
  12. 12. No clear paradigm O Programming as the second literacy? O Key skills for today’s jobs? O Improving access to learning resources? O Modernizing the learning environment? O Catalyst for wider educational change? O Looking for “silver bullet”, that can provide measurable success, understandable by laymen (politicians), within 4 years
  13. 13. How to measure the impact? O Conference in Astana: scientific proof needed! O Tiger in Focus, SITES and other studies: no impact on grades, school budget, minor impact on paradigm shift O Tiger Leap commissioned a whole-class 1:1 laptop study, teachers: no need to change, students: take them away! O OLPC & Inter-America Bank: 2.5million laptops later, no or marginal effect on learning outcomes (math test scores) O Systemic approach is needed: infrastructure, services, educational technology support, staff training, leadership, curriculum reform, research-based decisions, room for experimentation and failures
  14. 14. 3 generations of TEL systems Dimension 1.generation 2.generation 3.generation Software architecture Educational software Course management systems Digital Learning Ecosystems Pedagogical foundation Bihaviorism Cognitivism Knowledge building, connectivism Content management Integrated with code Learning Objects, content packages Mash-up, remixed, user-generated Dominant affordances E-textbook, drill & practice, tests Sharing LO’s, forum discussions, quiz Reflections, collab. production, design Access Computer lab in school Home computer Everywhere – thanks to mobile devices
  15. 15. National Lifelong Learning Strategy 2014 – 2020: rationale O “Use of ICT” model, based on computer labs, has reached its limits O PPT/IWB is not enough, does not change learning O E-learning (Moodle) model did not take off, does not suit primary and secondary schools O No good ideas for e-textbook model in current settings (1 computer lab per school) O Ergo: learning in the digital age, 1:1 and BYOD model, digital learning ecosystem
  16. 16. LLS2020: Action Plan O Digital turn in formal education system: digital culture into curricula, bottom-up innovation, sharing good practice, educational technologists in schools O Digital learning resources: digital textbooks, OER, quality management, recommender systems O Digital infrastructure for learning : 1:1 computing, BYOD, interoperable ecosystem of services, mobile clients, school-wide digital turn (first in 20 pilot schools, then in others) O Digital competences of teachers and students: competence models, self-assessment tools, mapping with course offerings and accreditation procedures, updating initial teacher education curricula
  17. 17. MA Programme: Ed. Technology O Intake: 15 experienced teachers enroll every year, based on competence-based e-portfolio O Envisaged jobs: educational technologist, technology integration specialist, instructional designer, HRD O Blended learning: blog-based Personal Learning Environment + contact hours: every second weekend O Duration: 2 years, 120 ECTS O Structure: general courses 8 ECTS, specialisation courses 66 ECTS, free electives 16, thesis 30 ECTS O Instructional design; Learning environments; Digital learning resources; Knowledge management; Innovation management; Learning
  18. 18. Thank you! O Questions?
  19. 19. Teacher education in Estonia O Initial teacher education: on the Masters’ level, 120 ECTS (incl. thesis) O Tallinn University and University of Tartu are the largest providers, others are teacher colleges in Narva, Rakvere, Haapsalu, also music and arts academies as well as Tallinn University of Technology O Successful “Teach First” programme O In-service teacher education: teachers are expected to attend 160 hrs within 5 years, funded by MoER O A dedicated 80 hrs programme “Teacher of the Future” based on ISTE NETS-T standard
  20. 20. Teacher education: innovation O Centres of Educational Innovation in Tallinn & Tartu O Curricula renewed to meet the new teachers’ professional qualification standard, more and earlier practice in schools O Experimental curriculum for science teachers O New online environment, joint for all teacher education institutions O Educational technology: DigiTurn programme for school teams in TLU, sponsored by Samsung
  21. 21. Thank you! O Questions?